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The Kingdom of Dalmatia (Croatian, Croatian or Serbian: Kraljevina Dalmacija; ; ) was an administrative division (kingdom) of the Habsburg Monarchy from 1815 to 1918. Its capital was Zadarmarker.

History

The Kingdom of Dalmatia was formed from territories of the Illyrian Provinces that the Habsburg Monarchy conquered from the French Empire in 1815. It remained a separate administrative division of the Habsburg Monarchy until 1918 when most of its territory (excluding Zadarmarker and Lastovomarker) became part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbsmarker and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenesmarker (later Kingdom of Yugoslaviamarker). As a result of the Vidovdan Constitution (in 1921), the majority of the Kingdom was divided into the Split Oblast and Dubrovnik Oblast, with the Bay of Kotormarker being administratively split to the largely Montenegrin Zeta Oblast.

Demographics

The 1880 Austrian census recorded following ethnic groups in the Kingdom:

The major cities are (1900)

Religion

The Roman Catholic archbishop had his seat in Zara, while the diocese of Cattaro, diocese of Hvar, diocese of Ragusa, diocese of Sebenico and diocese of Spalato were bishoprics. At the head of the Orthodox community stood the bishop of Zara.

The use of Slavonic liturgies written in the Glagolitic alphabet, a very ancient privilege of the Roman Catholics in Dalmatia and Croatia, caused much controversy during the first years of the 20th century. There was considerable danger that the Latin liturgies would be altogether superseded by the Glagolitic, especially among the northern islands and in rural communes, where the Slavonic element is all-powerful. In 1904 the Vatican forbade the use of Glagolitic at the festival of SS. Cyril and Methodius, as likely to impair the unity of Catholicism. A few years previously the Slavonic archbishop Rajcevic of Zara, in discussing the "Glagolitic controversy," had denounced the movement as "an innovation introduced by Panslavism to make it easy for the Catholic clergy, after any great revolution in the Balkan States, to break with Latin Rome."

Governors

  • Franjo Tomašić (1813-1831)
  • Wenzeslau Lilienberg Water (1831-1841)
  • Ivan August Turszky (1841-1847)
  • Matija Rukavina (1847)
  • Josip Jelačić (1848-1859)
  • Lazar Mamula (1859-1865)
  • Franjo Filipović (1865-1868)
  • Johann Wagner (1868-1869)
  • Gottfried Auersperg (1869)
  • Julius Fluk von Leidenkron (1869-1870)
  • Gavrilo Rodić (1870-1881)
  • Stjepan Jovanović (1882-1885)
  • Ludovik Comaro (1885-1886)
  • Dragutin Blažeković (1886-1890)
  • Emil David (1890-1902)
  • Erasmus Handel (1902-1905)
  • Nicola Nardelli (1905-1911)
  • Mario Attems (1911-1918)


Politics

Dalmatian Parliament

The Kingdom of Dalmatia held elections to the Parliament of Dalmatia in 1861, 1864, 1867, 1870, 1876, 1883, 1889, 1895, 1901, 1908.

Reichsrat

In the 1907 elections, Dalmatia elected the following representatives to the Reichsrat:
  • Croatian Party
    • Ante Dulibić
    • Vicko Ivčević
    • Frane Ivanišević
    • Ante Tresić Pavičić
    • Ante Vuković
    • Juraj Biankini




  • Serb Party
    • Dušan Baljak
    • Miho Bjeladinović




In the 1911 elections, Dalmatia elected the following representatives:
  • Croatian Party
    • Vicko Ivčević
    • Pero Čingrija
    • Ante Tresić Pavičić
    • Juraj Biankini


  • Party of Rights
    • Ivo Prodan
    • Ante Dulibić
    • Ante Sesardić
    • Josip Virgil Perić


  • Serb Party
    • Dušan Baljak
    • Gjuro Vukotić


  • Croatian Popular Progressive Party
    • Josip Smodlaka


References

  1. Dvije pobjede don Ive Prodana na izborima za Carevinsko vijeće u Beču
  2. Dvije pobjede don Ive Prodana na izborima za Carevinsko vijeće u Beču


See also



External links




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