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The Kingdom of Montenegro (Serbian: Краљевина Црнa Горa, Kraljevina Crna Gora) was a kingdom in southeastern Europe.

The capital of the kingdom was Cetinjemarker. The currency of the Kingdom was the Montenegrin perper. It was a constitutional monarchy, but absolutist in practice. Kingdoms of Serbiamarker and Montenegromarker then joined the unitary Yugoslav kingdom in 1918 alongside former Habsburg lands.


The Kingdom of Montenegro was proclaimed by Knjaz Nikola in Cetinjemarker, on 28 August 1910.

The Balkan Wars (1912 – 1913) turned out to be the beginning of the king's undoing. Montenegro did make further territorial gains by splitting Sandžak with Serbiamarker on 30 May 1913. However, this proved to be harmful as it involved incorporating a territory in which the large part of the population did not feel any special allegiance to a Montenegrin entity. In addition, the newly-captured city of Skadarmarker had to be given up to the new state of Albaniamarker at the insistence of the Great Powers despite the Montenegrins having invested 10,000 lives into the capture of the town from the Ottoman (Albanianmarker) forces of Esad Pasha.

During World War I (1914 – 1918) Montenegromarker was allied with the Allied Powers. From 15 January 1916 to some time in October 1918, Montenegro was occupied by Austria-Hungary.

On 20 July 1917, the Corfu Declaration was signed; it declared the unification of Montenegro with Serbiamarker. On 26 November 1918, Montenegrin unification with Serbia was proclaimed. Knez Nicholas was a staunch supporter of unification with Serbiamarker to form a great Serbian state for all Serbs but was in conflict with King Alexander who was the ruler of Serbia. The disagreement was on who would be the ruler of the new kingdom. Knez Nicholas was eventually dethroned and exiled.

Rulers (1910-1918)

Titular Rulers (1918-Present)

Prime ministers

  • Lazar Tomanovic (1910-1912)
  • Mitar Martinovic (1912-1913)
  • Janko Vukotic (1913-1915)
  • Milo Matanovic (1915-1916)

Prime ministers-in-exile

  • Lazar Mijuskovic (1916)
  • Andrija Radovic (1916-1917)
  • Milo Matanovic (1917)
  • Evgenije Popovic (1917-1919)
  • Jovan Plamenac (1919-1921)
  • Anto Gvozdenovic (1921-1922)
  • Milutin Vucinic (1922)
  • Anto Gvozdenovic (1922)

See also

External links

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