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The Kingdom of Portugal was Portugalmarker's general designation under the monarchy. The kingdom was located in the west of the Iberian Peninsulamarker, Europe and existed from 1139 to 1910. It was replaced by the Portuguese First Republicmarker after the Lisbon Regicide (1908) and ultimately, the October 5th revolution (1910).

Origins and end

The Second County of Portugal (1093–1139), successor to the First County of Portugal (868–1071), became a kingdom on 26 July 1139 when Afonso I was proclaimed king of Portugalmarker.

In 1908, King Carlos I of Portugal was killed in a regicide at Lisbonmarker. The Portuguese monarchy lasted until 5 October 1910, when through a revolution, it was overthrown and Portugal was proclaimed a republic. The overthrow of the Portuguese monarchy in 1910 led to a 16 year struggle to sustain parliamentary democracy under republicanism.

The Portuguese Empire

Through the times, the Kingdom of Portugal built what was known as the Portuguese Empire since 1415, traditionally referring to its vast colonies, the largest of which was Brazilmarker (established in 1500 and an independent country since 1822). The remaining empire passed under control of the Portuguese Republic until the late 20th century, when the last overseas territories of Portugal were handed over (most notably Portuguese Africa, which included the overseas provinces of Angolamarker and Mozambiquemarker, in 1975, and finally Macaumarker in 1999).


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