Kingston is a city in Ulster
States. It is north of New York City and south of Albany along the
The population was
23,456 at the 2000 census. Kingston is the core city of the Kingston, NY
Metropolitan Statistical Area and is part of the larger New York–Newark–Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined
Statistical Area.The city of Kingston is on the eastern border
County, and is the county
The city of Kingston was first called Esopus after a local Indian tribe, then Wiltwyck. Settled in 1651, it was one of the three large settlements in New Netherland, the other two being Beverwyck now Albany, New York, and New Amsterdam, now New York City. In 1777, Kingston became the first capital of New York. Shortly after the Battle of Saratoga, the city was burned by British troops moving up the Hudson River from New York City, disembarking at the mouth of the Rondout Creek on the formation the Dutch had named Ponck Hockie. Contrary to popular belief there wasn't a large conflict between the townsfolk and the the British invaders. This is because the denizens of Kingston knew of the oncoming fleet. The city had been evacuated by the time the British arrived, and the settlers had moved to Hurley, New York, which the British did not attack.
The area was a major granary for the colonies at the time, so the
British burned large amounts of wheat and all but one or two of the
buildings. There is some debate over exactly how much of a fight
was put up against the British; one third of the local militia
regiment was still to the north at Saratoga, and one third was to
the south manning several forts (which were captured days before by
the British). This would have left approximately 150 militiamen to
defend the city against approximately 2,000 British regulars.
the capital was reestablished at Albany.
Bluestone and cement
of Rondout, New
York, now a part of Kingston, became an important
freight hub for the transportation of coal from Pennsylvania to New York
City through the D & H
This hub was later used to transport other goods,
. Kingston shaped and
shipped most of the bluestone made to create the sidewalks of New
York City. Cement
deposits were found
throughout the valley, and in 1844 quarrying began in the
"Ponchockie" section of Rondout
. The Newark
Lime and Cement Company shipped cement throughout the United
States, a thriving business until the invention of the cheaper,
quicker drying Portland Cement
Large warehouses of ice sat beside the Hudson river from which the
ice was cut during the winter and preserved all year to be used in
early refrigeration. Large brick making factories were also located
close to this shipping hub. Rondout’s central location as a
shipping hub ended with the advent of railroads which ran through
Rondout and Kingston but could transport their loads through the
town without stopping.
Kingston has at least three distinct neighborhoods. The uptown area, the
District, was the first capital of New York State.
downtown area, once the village of Rondout, now the Rondout-West
Strand Historic District, borders the Rondout
The creek empties into the Hudson through a
large, protected tidal area which was the terminus of the Delaware and Hudson Canal
to haul coal from Pennsylvania to New York City.
called "the Rondout" because it was formerly Rondout, New
York, is an artist community labeled by Business Week
online as one of "America's best places for artists."
home to a large number of art galleries.
While the Uptown area is noted for its "antique" feeling, the
overhangs attached to buildings along Wall and North Front streets
were added to historic buildings in the late 1970s and are not
authentically part of the 19th century Victorian architecture. A
controversy is currently unfolding over whether to restore or
remove the overhangs, locally known as the Pike Plan. More notably
in Uptown is the Stockade district, where many 17th century stone
buildings remain. Most notable of these is the Senate
House, which was built in the 1670's and was used as the
state capital during the revolution. Many of these old
buildings, including the Senate
House, were burned by the British in 1777 and restored
Kingston holds many festivals in the Rondout neighborhood,
including the Kingston Jazz Festival and the Artists Soapbox Derby.
Meanwhile the uptown historic district celebrates and re-creates
the Burning of the town by the British every other year, without
actually damaging any of its historic buildings.
is noted for its many restaurants, some run by graduates of the
nearby Culinary Institute of America.
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of 8.6 square
miles (22.4 km2
), of which 7.3 square miles
) is land and 1.3 square miles
), or 15.03%, is water.
The city is on the west bank of the Hudson
. Neighboring towns include Hurley, Saugerties, Rhinebeck, and Red Hook.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 23,456
people, 9,871 households, and 5,498 families residing in the city.
The population density
3,189.5 persons per square mile (1,232.2/km2
were 10,637 housing units at an average density of 1,446.4 houses
per square mile (558.8/km2
). The racial makeup of the
city was 80.38% White
or African American
, 0.30% Native American
, 1.90% from other races
, and 3.12% from two
or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 6.46%
of the population.
There were 9,871 households out of which 27.0% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 35.2% were married couples
living together, 15.8% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 44.3% were non-families.
36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age
of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to
64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
38 years. For every 100 females there were 89.1 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,594, and the
median income for a family was $41,806. Males had a median income
of $31,634 versus $25,364 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$18,662, with 12.4% of families and 15.8% of the population below
the poverty line
, including 23.5% of
those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
The government of Kingston consists of a mayor and city council
known as the Common Council. The Common Council consists of 10
members, nine of which are elected from wards while one is elected
at large. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote.
service is available by bus to New York City daily.
service to Kingston itself has been
discontinued for several decades. However, about away is the Rhinecliff-Kingston Amtrak station.
freight rail service through Kingston on the River Line
Subdivision. There is also a small rail yard of about 7 tracks in
New York State Route 199
has the nearest bridge traversing the Hudson River
, to the north. U.S. Highway
runs north-south through the city. The New York State Thruway
, also known at
this section as Interstate 87
through the western part of the city.
The area is served by Kingston-Ulster airport (2ON), located at the
western base of the Kingston-Rhinecliff bridge. The nearest major
airports to Kingston are Stewart International Airport about 38
miles (40 km) south in Newburgh, and Albany International
Airport approximately 65 miles (121 km) north. The three major
metropolitan airports for New York City - John F. Kennedy
International approximately 109 miles (142 km) south, Newark
Liberty International approximately 104 miles (169 km) south,
and LaGuardia Airport approximately 98 miles (129 km) south.
Kingston CitiBus provides service
within the city and to Port Ewen.
City bus service is provided by the city-owned CitiBus system,
while service to points elsewhere in Ulster County is provided by
Ulster County Area
On the first Saturday of every month an “art bus” is available for
a fare of $1. The bus, usually a CitiBus tourist trolley
, takes passengers on a
guided tour of the art galleries of Kingston. Kingston's art
galleries all have openings on the first Saturday of the
Kingston historically was an important transportation center for
the region. The Hudson River, Rondout Creek and Delaware and Hudson Canal
important commercial waterways. At one time, Kingston was served by
four railroad companies and two trolley lines. Kingston was
designated as a New York State Heritage Area with a transportation
theme and the Hudson River Maritime Museum and Trolley Museum of New York are located on the waterfront.
Kingston is home to the Hudson
of the North American Football
. They play their home games at Dietz Stadium
The Hudson Valley Renegades
are a minor league baseball team affiliated with the Tampa Bay Rays
. The team is a member
of the New York - Penn
League, and play at Dutchess Stadium in nearby Fishkill.
The Hudson Valley Bears
of four founding members of the Eastern Professional
. They play their home games at the Mid-Hudson
Civic Center in nearby Poughkeepsie.
The Hudson Valley Hawks
team in the newly formed National
Professional Basketball League
. The team's home court is at Beacon High
School, in nearby Beacon.
The Kingston Tigers are the city high school's mascot. The John A.
Coleman Catholic Statesman play in nearby Town of Ulster.
- Television: Time
Warner Cable Channel 23
- Kingston-based: WGHQ (920 AM),
WKNY (1490 AM), WKXP (94.3
- Outside Kingston: WFGB (89.7 FM), WBPM (92.9 FM,
Saugerties), WKZE-FM (98.1, Salisbury CT/Rhinebeck), WDST (100.1 FM,
- Magazines: The Kingston-based Chronogram
publishes a thick glossy, colorful magazine dedicated to the art,
culture and spirit of the Hudson Valley.
- Kingston Area Public Access 23
Health & medical
- Kingston Hospital
- Benedictine Hospital
People, past and present
Actors, musicians and others in the entertainment industry
- Peter Bogdanovich (b. 1939) a
film director, writer and actor, was born in town.
- Robert Craft (b. 1923), an
award-winning conductor who has led many of the major orchestras in
the United States, and a collaborator with Igor Stravinsky, was born in the city.
- Adam Snyder (b. 1966), musician,
resident, former member of Mercury Rev
released 2007 album "Thi Town Will Get Its Due"
- Joseph Kesselring (1902-1967),
a writer and playwright best known for his play Arsenic and Old
Lace, died in the city.
- Elissa Landi (1904–1948), an
Italian born actress was popular in Hollywood films of the 1920s
and 1930s, died of cancer in the city.
- Trudy Wiggins (1935–2006), an
actress best known for roles in television daytime drama, later
produced and appeared in her own talk show on WTZA-TV in the city.
- Josh Eppard (b. 1979) original
drummer for rock band 3, original drummer
for rock band Coheed and Cambria,
hip hop artist Weerd Science and
musical composer born in Kingston, NY.
- Michael Todd (b. 1980) bassist for
progressive rock band Coheed and
- Paul Austin Kelly (b. 1960)
Opera tenor/jazz singer/children's music performer and
- Pauline Oliveros, composer and
- Danny Taylor, drummer for pioneering electronic duo
Silver Apples lived in Kingston until
his death in 2005.
- Larry Grenadier (b. 1966), Jazz
bassist. Originally from San Francisco, CA. Moved to Kingston in
- Rebecca Martin (b. 1969),
Singer/Songwriter and community activist. Started garden movement
in the city of Kingston in 2007. Originally from the State of
Maine, and resident of Kingston since 2002.
Politics, political activism, government service
Parker, 1904 Democratic nominee for President
- George Clinton (1739–1812),
fourth vice president of the United States and first elected governor of New York
State, is buried in the city at the Old Dutch
- Charles DeWitt (1727-1787), a
miller and statesman from Kingston, served as a delegate to the
- Abraham Bruyn Hasbrouck
(1791–1879), a U.S. Congressman and the sixth President of
Rutgers College (now Rutgers University), was born and died in the city.
- Alton B. Parker (1852–1926), Democratic presidential
nominee in 1904, practiced law in the city and was the first
president of the Ulster County Bar Association. He not only lost
the election, he didn't even carry Ulster County.
- Sojourner Truth (c. 1797–1883), former slave and early
abolitionist, tried to gain her freedom in Ulster County Court in the city.
- John Van
Buren (1799-1855), US Congressman
- KingstonCitizens.org - a citizen organized effort
created to build community and to connect citizens to their elected
alderman through education, local issues, and projects.
Kingston Land Trust - dedicated to preserving open space in the
city of Kingston and home of the Kingston Victory Garden
- Heywood Hale Broun
(1918–2001) a sportswriter and commentator, died in the city.
- Robert H. Dietz (1921-1945), United States Army soldier and Medal of Honor recipient in World War II
- Ezra Fitch (1866–1930), the "Fitch"
in "Abercrombie & Fitch,
practiced law in Kingston before leaving to join Abercrombie in his
wilderness outfitting store in New York City in 1900. He bought out
Abercrombie in 1907.
- Charles Freer (1854-1919), who
donated his art collection to the Smithsonian Institution, was born
in Kingston. The Freer Gallery of Art, part of the Smithsonian, was
named after him.
- Walter B. Gibson (1987-1985), American author and
professional magician, most famous for his pulp fiction character,
- Brian Kenny (b. 1963), a journalist
who anchors Friday Night
Fights and ESPNEWS' The Hot List, previously
worked for WTZA in the city.
- Evaline Ness (1911-1986) an
illustrator and author who won a Caldecott Medal in 1967 for Sam, Bangs, and Moonshine,
and who was married to Untouchable Eliot
Ness from 1938-1946, died in the city.
- Maud Petersham
(1890-1971), who won the Caldecott
Medal with her husband and coauthor, Miska Petrezselyem Mikaly,
in 1946 for "The Rooster Crows",
was born in Kingston.
Self portrait, John Vanderlyn,
Ruellan (1905-2006), a painter whose works are in the permanent
collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Whitney Museum, died in the city.
- Anne Sweeney (b. 1957), Co-Chair of
Disney Media Networks and President of the Disney-ABC Television
Group, who has been named the "Most Powerful Woman in
Entertainment" by The Hollywood
Reporter, and one of the "50 Most Powerful Women in Business"
by Fortune magazine and one of
"The World's 100
Most Powerful Women" by Forbes, spent her
childhood in Kingston and is a graduate of Kingston's Coleman High
- Mike Ferraro (b. 1944), a third
baseman for the New York Yankees
and Milwaukee Brewers, and later
coach for the Kansas City Royals,
was born in the city.
- Jervis McEntee (1828-1891), a
painter of the Hudson River
School, is buried in Wiltwyck Cemetery in the city.
- John Vanderlyn (1776-1852), a
neoclassicist painter, was born in the city.
- Calvert Vaux
(1824-1895), a noted architect and landscape designer; co-designer
Park, NYC; buried in Kingston's Montrepose Cemetery.
- Dave Ferraro (6/8/1959-), resident
of the city, was a professional bowler and was inducted into the
PBA Hall of Fame in
- Ron Suskind, journalist and writer