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Kingston is a city in and the county seat of Roane Countymarker, Tennesseemarker, United Statesmarker, and is adjacent to Watts Bar Lakemarker. Kingston, with a population of 5,264 at the 2000 United States census, is included in the Harriman, Tennesseemarker Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

Kingston is located at . The town is situated at the confluence of the Clinch River and the Tennessee River. This confluence is now part of Watts Bar Lake, a reservoir created by the impoundment of the Tennessee by Watts Bar Dammarker several miles to the southwest.

Kingston is centered around the junction of U.S. Route 70, which connects Kingston with Knoxvillemarker to the east and Nashvillemarker to the west, and State Route 58, which connects Kingston with Oak Ridgemarker to the northeast and Chattanoogamarker to the south. Interstate 40 passes through Kingston, running roughly parallel to US 70.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (18.9 km²), of which, 6.6 square miles (17.0 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.0 km²) of it (10.40%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,264 people, 2,263 households, and 1,532 families residing in the city. The population density was 803.7 people per square mile (310.3/km²). There were 2,478 housing units at an average density of 378.4/sq mi (146.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.75% White, 3.55% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.97% of the population.

There were 2,263 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,071, and the median income for a family was $44,979. Males had a median income of $40,186 versus $22,971 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,301. About 6.0% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

History

Kingston has its roots in Fort Southwest Pointmarker, which was built just south of what is now Kingston in 1792. At the time, Southwest Point was on the fringe the legal settlement area for Euro-Americans. A Cherokee village, headed by Chief Tollunteeskee, was situated just across the river, at what is now Rockwoodmarker. In 1805, Colonel Return J. Meigs, who operated out of Southwest Point, was appointed Cherokee Agent, effectively moving the agency from the Tellico Blockhousemarker to Southwest Point. The city of Kingston was established on October 23, 1799, as part of an effort to partition Knox Countymarker (the effort to form a separate county failed, but succeeded two years later). Kingston was named after Major Robert King, an officer at Fort Southwest Point in the 1790s.

On September 21, 1807, Kingston was Tennessee's state capital for one day. The Tennessee General Assembly convened in Kingston that day due to an agreement with the Cherokee, who had been told that if the Cherokee Nation ceded the land that is now Roane County, Kingston would become the capital of Tennessee. After adjourning that day, the Assembly resumed meeting in Knoxvillemarker.

Kingston today

In 1955, the Tennessee Valley Authority completed work on the Kingston Fossil Plantmarker, which at the time was the world's largest coal-burning power plant. The plant, which consumes roughly of coal daily, can produce up to 1,456 megawatts of electricity. The plant's 1,000-foot (305-meter) smokestacks are a familiar sight to drivers on the Roane County stretch of Interstate 40. On December 22, 2008, a impoundment containing fly ash slurry from the power plant brokemarker, spilling more than 1 billion gallons of waste into the surrounding area.

References

  1. Snyder Roberts, " Thumbnail Sketch of Early Roane County History," 1969. Transcribed for web content by Pat Roberts McDonald, 2007. Retrieved: 2 January 2008.
  2. Samuel Cole Williams, Early Travels in the Tennessee Country, 1540–1800 (Johnson City, Tenn.: The Watauga Press, 1928), 500.
  3. Roane County Heritage Commission, " History of Roane County," 1997. Retrieved: 2 January 2008.
  4. " TVA: Kingston Fossil Plant." Retrieved: 2 January 2008.


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