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Kingston Harbour: Map

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Kingston Harbour is the seventh largest natural harbour in the world. It is an almost landlocked sheet of water approximately long by wide. Most of it is deep enough to accommodate large ships, even close to shore. It is bordered to the north by the city of Kingstonmarker, the capital of Jamaicamarker, to the west by Hunts Bay and the municipality of Portmoremarker, and to the south and east by the Palisadoesmarker spit.

The harbour is home to the Kingston Container Terminal, Jamaica's largest port. Other docks on Kingston Harbour are at the Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica in downtown Kingston and at the Jamaica Flower Mills and the Caribbean Cement Company at Rockfort.

There is a fishing village at Rockfort and fishing docks at Harbour View and at Port Royalmarker.

History

An extract from an 1891 map of Kingston and environs.
As a large, natural, well protected harbour it has been used since the very beginning of European exploration and settlement of the island. Initially the main settlement was at Port Royalmarker but following its destruction in the 1692 earthquake Kingstonmarker was founded and the development of the Kingston waterfront began.

Historically, the harbour was safe from attack with its narrow entrance being protected by two forts, one the tip of the Palisadoesmarker at Port Royalmarker and the other on a small sand spit opposite.

Throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries it handled a large local trade and was the chief entrepot for British exports to the Spanish colonies. For the remainder of the 19th century its development as a port was retarded by a decline in he Jamaican economy. Throughout this period there was a gradual increase in the number of finger piers and wharves along its long sheltered waterfront.

In 1720 the body of Calico Jack was hanged at the entrance of the harbour as a warning to other pirates.

Pollution

In modern times Kingston Harbour has suffered a number of pollution incidents. In one such during 2009, 300 tons of sulphuric acid are said to have been accidentally discharged from one of the wharves.

Gallery

See also



References

  1. Reference: UK Directorate of Overseas Surveys 1:50,000 map of Jamaica sheet L, 1967.


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