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Kinnauri language: Map

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Kinnauri, also known as Kanauri, Kanor, Koonawur, or Kunawar is a Tibeto-Burman language (Sino-Tibetan stock) spoken in the Kinnaurmarker district of the Indianmarker state of Himachal Pradeshmarker by approximately 78,000 native speakers.

Sounds

This description is of the Pangi dialect of Kinnauri.

Consonants

Bilabial Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal
Plosive voiced
voiceless
aspirated
Affricate voiced
voiceless
aspirated
Fricative
Trill
Approximant


Note on palatals: , , , and are post-alveolar. is alveolo-palatal.

Vowels

Kinnauri has five pairs of long/short sphonemes.

Front Central Back
Close i ɨ
Mid e o
Open a


Syllables

, aspirated obstruents (i.e. ,  ,  ,  ,  ,  ), and glides (i.e. ,  ) do not occur in syllable codas.


All consonants may occur in onsets and word-medially.

Kinnauri has the following types of syllables:

  • (C)V(C)(C)(C)
  • CCV(C)
  • CCCVC


Grammar

Bibliography

  • Grimes, Barbara F. (Ed.). (2000). Ethnologue: Languages of the world, (14th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-106-9. (Online edition: http://www.ethnologue.com/).
  • Nagano, Yasuhiko; & LaPolla, Randy J. (Eds.). (2001). New research on Zhangzhung and related Himalayan languages. Bon studies 3, Senri ethnological reports 19. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.
  • Takahashi, Yoshiharu. (2001). A descriptive study of Kinnauri (Pangi dialect): A preliminary report. In Y. Nagano & R. J. LaPolla (Eds.), New research on Zhangzhung and related Himalayan languages. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.



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