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Kiryat Anavim ( , lit. City of Grapes) was the first kibbutz established in the Judean Hillsmarker. It is located west of Jerusalemmarker, and falls under the jurisdiction of the Mateh Yehuda Regional Councilmarker. In 2007 it had a population of 321.

History

The land on which the kibbutz stands was purchased in 1914 by the Jewish National Fund from landowners in the neighboring village of Abu Ghoshmarker. In 1919 a group of 25 pioneers from the Ukrainian town of Zhvanitz settled on the land, near a small spring called "Dilb." By the end of 1920, there were 200 pioneers on the kibbutz. In 1924, another group, Gordonia, arrived from Galicia, Polandmarker.

On 9 November 1937, five members of Kiryat Anavim were killed by terrorists. Kibbutz Ma'ale HaHamishamarker (lit. Hill of the Five) was named for them.

During "The Hunting Season", Kiryat Anavim served as a base for the Haganah. They used the kibbutz watchtower as a jail for kidnapped Irgun members. In the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the 4th Battalion of the Palmach, with Uzi Narkiss, mounted their fight for Shaar Hagaimarker, the road to Jerusalemmarker, and the city itself, from Kiryat Anavim.

On 6 September 1996, a fire in the Jerusalem corridor caused extensive damage in Kiryat Anavim and surroundings. Fifteen homes and 10 other buildings were damaged in the blaze.

Economy

In the early days, the pioneers operated a dairy and a poultry farm. Today the kibbutz runs a hotel and convention center. Anavid Insulation Products, founded in 1981, is wholly owned by Kibbutz Kiryat Anavim. The plant produces thermal insulation and sealing materials.

Landmarks

Soldiers of the Harel Brigade who fought in the 1948 war] are buried at Kiryat Anavim Military Cemetery.

References

Bibliography

  • 'The Book of Life of Kiryat Anavim', written by Yael Weiler, Cathedra, 114, 2004, pp. 149-159. (Hebrew)
  • 'Diary of Kevutzat Kiryat Anavim 1920-1929' (Sefer Hachayim), Edited by Ed. Aviva Ufaz, Yad Ben Zvi 2001 ( Hebrew )
  • 'Vehigadta Lebinha - 50 Years of Independence', Kiryat Anavim 1998 (Hebrew)
  • 'Sipurei Kibbutzim' (Stories of Kibbutzim), Edited by Zeev Aner, Ministry of Defense Israel 1998 ISBN 965-05-0946 ( Hebrew)
  • 'Document and Fiction of the THIRD ALIYA', written by Aviva Ufaz, Hakibbutz Hameuchad 1996 ( Hebrew)


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