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Kittery Point is a census-designated place (CDP) in the town of Kitterymarker, York Countymarker, Mainemarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 1,135 at the 2000 census. Located beside the Atlanticmarker, it is home to Fort McClary State Historic Site and, on Gerrish Island, Fort Foster Park. Cutts Island is home to Seapoint Beach and the Brave Boat Harbor Division of the Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge.

Kittery Point is part of the PortlandmarkerSouth PortlandmarkerBiddefordmarker, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The Lady Pepperrell House in c.
1910, now a private home
First settled as early as 1623, the southern part of Kittery was once called Champernowne's after Sir Francis Champernowne, a prominent merchant adventurer and cousin of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, the prime mover behind settlement north of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Nicholas Shapleigh built the first house in the area, and Edward Godfrey established a trading post in 1632. Early professions included fishermen, hunters and trappers. Others harvested the region's abundant timber, which was shipped to Englandmarker or the West Indiesmarker. Kitterymarker was incorporated in 1652 when Maine became part of Massachusetts Bay Colony.

The Pepperrells were a distinguished Kittery Point family who established fisheries to supply the Londonmarker market. William Pepperrell Sr. had arrived from Devonshire as a lowly fisherman's apprentice at the Isle of Shoals in New Hampshire. He went on to build a mercantile empire, which his son Sir William Pepperrell inherited and expanded. He became the first baronet in New Englandmarker for commanding a militia which defeated the Frenchmarker in 1745 at the Battle of Louisburgmarker. His gambrel mansion of 1733 remains a landmark at Pepperrell Cove on the Piscataqua River. In 1760, his widow built The Lady Pepperrell Housemarker, a noted Georgian building formerly owned by Historic New England.
John Bray House in c.
1920


Pepperrell himself built an elaborate wooden house called the Sparhawk Mansion at Kittery Point as a gift to his daughter on her marriage to Nathaniel Sparhawk in 1750. Crowned with an elegant cupola, the house contained finely-carved panelling in its 19 rooms. Sadly, over two centuries later, in 1967 the Sparhawk Mansion was demolished, just as preservation efforts in the area were gathering steam. More fortunate is the John Bray House, built by a shipwright in 1662 and considered the oldest surviving house in Maine. Recently threatened with redevelopment because of its desirable view of Pepperrell Cove and Portsmouth Harbor, the building has instead been restored. Some speculate that the Bray House was the birthplace of the mother of Sir William Pepperrell, whose father William Pepperrell Sr. married John Bray's daughter Margery, but it is more likely that she was born in England.

On land once owned by Sir William Pepperrell is a Portsmouth Harbor defense called Fort McClary, built opposite Fort William and Marymarker in New Castle, New Hampshiremarker. It is today Fort McClary State Historic Site and features a blockhouse dating from 1844. In 1969, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Fort Foster, a later coastal defense, was built by the federal government on at Gerrish Island. Now owned by the town of Kittery, Fort Foster Park provides superb views of Portsmouth Harbor, Whaleback Lighthouse and the Isles of Shoalsmarker, part of which belongs to Kittery. Near Seapoint Beach in the mid-20th century, the Newcomen Society built a cluster of Tudor cottages at what was then its summer retreat.

Notable residents

Hotel Champernowne in 1911


Fictional resident

Geography

Kittery Point is located at (43.085384, -70.701537).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.7 km² (2.6 mi²). 4.9 km² (1.9 mi²) of it is land and 1.7 km² (0.7 mi²) of it (25.97%) is water. Kittery Point is bounded by Spruce Creek, the Piscataqua River, the Atlantic Oceanmarker and Brave Boat Harbor.

Demographics

Congregational Church, built in 1730, as it appeared in c.
1912
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,135 people, 538 households, and 322 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 230.6/km² (596.9/mi²). There were 594 housing units at an average density of 120.7/km² (312.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.44% White, 0.97% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.53% of the population.

There were 538 households out of which 19.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.64.

Hotel Parkfield in c.
1912
In the CDP the population was spread out with 16.3% under the age of 18, 3.4% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 32.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $47,500, and the median income for a family was $53,839. Males had a median income of $40,417 versus $29,808 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $30,119. About 4.7% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest



References

  1. Sir Ferdinando Gorges and his Province of Maine, James Phinney Baxter, The Prince Society, Boston, 1890
  2. The Life of Sir William Pepperrell, Bart.: The Only Native of New England Who Was Created a Baronet During Our Connection with the Mother Country, Usher Parsons, Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1856
  3. Will of Sir William Pepperrell, Collections of the Maine Historical Society, Portland, 1898
  4. Sparhawk Mansion on Death Row, seacoastnh.com
  5. Old Kittery and Her Families, Everett Schermerhorn Stackpole, Lewiston, Maine, 1903


External links




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