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Kitzingen is a town in the Germanmarker state of Bavariamarker, capital of the district Kitzingenmarker. It is part of Franconia geographical region and has around 21,000 inhabitants.

Surrounded by vineyards, Kitzingen County is the largest wine producer in Bavariamarker. It is said to be Franconia's wine trade center.

History

According to legend, Kitzingen was founded when the Countess of Schwanbergmarker lost her jeweled scarf while standing on the ramparts of her castle. The castle was located high above the fertile section of the Main River Valley where Kitzingen now lies

The Countess promised to build a cloister on the spot where the scarf was found. When it was found by a shepherd named Kitz, she kept her word and built a cloister which she called Kitzingen.

That Benedictine cloister, founded in the eighth century on the site of the present town of Kitzingen, defended the ford across the Main river.
The Old Synagogue in Kitzingen.
Kitzingen's history is closely tied to Würzburgmarker. Kitzingen became a free imperial city around the year 1000. During the next century the town changed rulers often, mostly being ruled by Würzburgmarker bishops who sold the town twice to fill their empty treasury.

In 1629 the Bishop of Wuerzburg took up his option to repurchase Kitzingen after the Peasants' Revolt in 1525. He abolished Protestantism and forced more than 1,000 residents to leave the town. This blow to the town's strength was followed by the Swedishmarker three-year occupation during the Thirty Years' War.

Kitzingen's revival is credited to the wisdom of Bishop Johann Philip von Schoenborn of Würzburgmarker, whose Edict of Toleration in 1650 encouraged the return of the expelled Protestants. This is why both Catholicism and Protestantism are present in Kitzingen today.

The resulting prosperity carried Kitzingen through the 18th century as one of the most important ports on the Main Rivermarker. Kitzingen's life under the Prince Bishops ended with the coming of Frenchmarker revolutionary armies and Napoleon.

In 1814 the Congress of Viennamarker confirmed Kitzingen's passing, along with the rest of the region, to the Kingdom of Bavariamarker.

During the Cold War, Kitzingen was a staging area for the US European Command's (USAREUR) air defenses against possible Soviet air and nuclear attack. Two US Army Bases, Larson Barracks and Harvey Barracks, were located in the town. For many years it housed the 2nd Brigade of the Third infantry division. One of these battalions, 6-41 Field Artillery, was deployed to Operation Desert Storm in 1990 and served with distinction.These units were eventually reflagged units of the First infantry division.On March 29, 2007 Larson Barracks and Harvey Barracks were handed back to the German Government, with the move of the 1st Infantry Division back to the United States.

Marshall Heights Housing Area contained apartment houses for the majority of the American dependents. It included a commissary (later moved to Harvey Barracks), dependent schools for Grades Kindergarten - 8th Grade, and an AYA (American Youth Activities). High School students rode buses to Wurzburg American High School.

Since January 2007 there are no more US Army personnel based in Kitzingen. Facilities are closed down and surveillance is discontinued.

The Crooked Tower (Falterturm) in Kitzingen.


Main sights

The city's main landmark is the Leaning Tower, built during the 1200s. It is distinctive for its crooked roof. According to town legend, the tower was being built during a drought, and workers used wine instead of water to make the mortar causing the top of the tower to lean. Today the tower holds a carnival (Fasching) museum.

A local legend is that the golden ball atop the crooked tower contains the heart of Vlad Dracula of Romania. If you follow the path of the crooked tower, the golden ball leans directly toward a grave in the Kitzingen Old Cemetery located across the street from the tower that is called the Grave of Dracula.Another local US army legend is the upside down crosses that make up the small windows on the tower, appear right side up when light casts towards the grave yard to ward off vampires. The crosses alternate, such that every other one is upside down - pretty spooky on a dark day. Some, however, believe that the grave that is called "Dracula's Grave" is not actually where Vlad Dracula is buried, but rather a heavely-decorated grave of a very rich family that resided in Kitzingen. To find Dracula's actual grave, try the book "In Search of Dracula: The History of Dracula and Vampires" by Raymond T. McNally (1994).

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Kitzingen is twinned with:

External links




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