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Klaus Hurrelmann (born January 10, 1944 in Gdyniamarker) is a German social and health scientist. He grew up in Nordenham and has three grown children, two from the first and one from second marriage. Since March 1, 2009, he worked as a professor of Public Health and Education at the Hertie School of Governance in Berlinmarker.

Training

After finishing school in 1963 at Humboldt High School in Bremerhaven, he studied from 1963 to 1968 at the Universities of Münster and Freiburg sociology, psychology and pedagogy, but in 1965 and 1966, "Fulbright Visiting Student at the University of California at Berkeley, USA. 1968 Diplom, 1971 Promotion in Soziologie an der Universität Münster. 1968 Diploma, 1971 PhD in Sociology at the University of Münster. The doctoral thesis was on "organization of schooling and socialization." 1975 Habilitation at the University of Bielefeld with the work of "education system and society."

Career

Between 1968 and 1970 Hurrelmann was project leader of the "primary group" at the Pedagogical University in Münster. From 1970 to 1974 he worked as a research assistant at the University of Bielefeld in the Faculty of Sociology with the work focusing on "socialization research and educational research." 1975 he received a chair of sociology with a focus on socialization in the University of Essen. 1980 he offered a chair at the University of Bielefeld for the Chair of socialization research. The Department of Education was assigned and had to focus the content of teacher training. Hurrelmann was the first dean of the newly formed "Department of Education." 1986 to 1998 he headed out by him with reasonable Sonderforschungsbereich "Prevention and intervention in childhood and adolescence," the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG).Subsequently he was co-founder of the Center for childhood and youth research at the University of Bielefeld, which until now one of the best known institutions for childhood and youth research in Germany.In 1993, Hurrelmann to the newly established Faculty of Health Sciences. He became the founding dean for the first five years and cared for in this feature for the development of today only fully developed German School of Public Health. In the Faculty of Health Sciences, he took over the exploration of the area prevention and health promotion. He built on behalf of the World Health Organization Collaboration Center for the Child and Adolescent Health Promotion on. From 1996 to 2004 he was also director of the Institute for Population Research and Social Policy. Since his retirement in March 2009 he was appointed Professor of Public Health and Education at the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin.

Research

Hurrelmann continues in his research focuses particularly on the socialization of young people and children, family and school and, consequently, the promotion of performance, health and social skills. The theories after Klaus Hurrelmann are widespread and influence outside of sociology, many educational and psychological works.

Hurrelmann deals explicitly to the socialization of children and adolescents, which means that its main focus on the influence of society on successful development. He lets demographic change in his research does not ignore his work and always refers to concrete action, such as family education, preschool facilities, schools and youth centers. A major focus of his work is on deviant, thus deviating from the norm behavior, its causes and its consequences. He developed theories and models for prevention of performance and health problems, addiction and dependency and violence, which he, for example in his book "Violence in schools" represent.

Hurrelmann comes in many interviews on these topics to speak, for example in the "Great Education Test" in the ARD. Here, Klaus Hurrelmann as an expert on the topic of education were interviewed. He presented his view of the development of childhood and made expressly pointed out that many of the opinions of today's youth with research evidence. In his own research investigates Hurrelmann all his theories concerned issues such as the major part of socialization theory and safe methods of empirical social research.

The best known and also to schools especially in "Education" is his discussion of socialization theoretical model of the productive processing of reality "(see illustration). The central assumption is that the personality of people in all stages of life from the confrontation with the inner reality of the body and psyche, while the outer reality of the physical environment and social life world. The human being as an independent entity has the life-long task, the processes of social integration and personal Individualisation in harmony with each other to bring.

Hurrelmann also worked at the Shell Youth Study with, where he among several other professors and a team of experts TNS Infratest Sozialforschung the question is: "What is the relationship of today's youth for the future and to society, especially in times of an aging society? "His main message to youth development, which he also took the form of 8 Maxims describes takes place in his account of the life of youth in the study influence: Hurrelmann sees the life in today's youth as a distinct phase that is between the child and adulthood has pushed and is usually 15 years. In 2007 the first published study commissioned by World Vision Germany, an extensive children representative survey, which the model of the Shell Youth studies for 6-11-year-old follows.

His research is at the interface between health sociology and health education. Furthermore, until today Hurrelmann the most important guide to the health sciences with discipline issued. Of great influence is his definition of health as "a state of well-being of a person who then is, if this person is mentally and socially in accordance with the individual capabilities and objectives and the prevailing external conditions of life there." This means that health is a non-natural balance of risk and protective factors, which at any moment in your life ever again called into question. Then after Hurrelmann also a productive development of their skills and performance potential possible, and it increases the willingness to integrate socially and to get involved. This definition is now accepted as a further development of the traditional definition of health by the World Health Organization (WHO) and understood in all disciplines of Health Sciences established.

An important strand of research is Hurrelmann Prevention and Health Promotion. In many research projects he has with his employees, especially social determinants of health and illness in children and adolescents investigated and demonstrated that [[social inequality in Germany in children and adolescents in the health. The main empirical investigations are under a WHO Collaborating Centers and created an international comparative dimension. They analyze in particular the health behavior of students and manage the consequences for performance, social and health promotion in schools.

The enormous number of publications by Hurrelmann is primarily due to the numerous research projects, which he has carried out to explain. At the center of his theoretical work, the manuals for socialization research and health sciences, and four relevant textbooks: socialization theory of life of youth, childhood introduction to the research and health sociology. All books have a combined circulation of over 100,000 copies. Hurrelmann is also one of the few German social scientists, who early tried to publish internationally and is involved in discussions, through the German context beyond.

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