Kluang (Chinese: 居銮) is a
town and district located roughly in the middle of the state of
Johor in Malaysia.
lies about 110 km north of Johor Bahru, east-southeast of Batu
Pahat, west of Mersing and south of
The population of Kluang district now
exceeds 250,000 residents and the town itself has over 140,000
The name Kluang
derives from the Malay
word 'keluang' which means a type of
or rather a type of fruit
. These used to be plentiful in the district
decades ago. They have almost completely disappeared due to the
combination of hunting and destruction of their natural habitat
Kluang was founded in 1915 as the administrative capital for
. The main railway line linking north to
was built passing
through Kluang and this helped in its growth. Roads were built to
link Kluang to Johor
Bahru towards the south, to Batu
Pahat towards the north-west and to Mersing towards the
Kluang is divided into two district councils namely
Simpang Renggam District Council (Malay: Majlis Daerah Simpang
Renggam) based at the town of Simpang Renggam and Kluang Municipal
Council (Malay: Majlis Perbandaran Kluang) based at the town of
Kluang which is also the district capital.
World War II, the town of Kluang was
captured relatively uncontested by Japanese forces advancing
southwards as it was abandoned by Allied forces retreating towards
moved his headquarters forward from Kuala Lumpur to
Kluang on the 27th of January, 1942 as he advanced southwards.
The Japanese later used the airbase in
Kluang to launch air attacks on targets ranging from Singapore to
From 1963 onwards the airfield was used by the British Army as a
base for 4 aircraft workshops together with REME and a Gurkha
regiment until the early 1970s when the base was closed down.
Kluang lies in an area of undulating hills.
The highest point in Kluang is Gunung
, a 510m tall mountain and one of the southernmost
mountains in the Malaysian main range which lies not far from the
The Mengkibol River
runs through the
town. Kluang is landlocked and has no seafront.
Kluang is served by a railway and roads linking it to all
neighbouring districts. It has a railway station as well as a bus
interchange. The closest on-ramp to the North-South
Highway is at Ayer Hitam although
travellers approaching Kluang from the south may find exiting at
Renggam more convenient.
There is an airfield in
Kluang but it is a military airfield, not a civilian one.
Urban sprawl in Kluang over the last three decades or so from the
1970s to 2000 has been roughly along the major roads. The town
center itself has more than tripled in size in terms of the number
and land area occupied by commercial and retail buildings in that
Kluang initially grew as a rubber
district. Rubber planting has, however, since then taken a back
seat to other types of crops. Kluang now boasts large tracts of
plantations as well as pineapple
plantations. New kinds of plantation such as dragon
fruit and organic vegetables are also popular.
Industry and commerce
From its early days as an entirely agricultural economy, Kluang has
developed various industries including polymer, paper, textiles,
ceramics, industrial paints and electrical products. Most of
Malaysia's major banks have branches in Kluang. In the last few
years, several stock brokerages have opened shop in Kluang.
Kluang is served by a district hospital, a district police station
and fire station. It has numerous primary schools, several
secondary schools and a public library. Sekolah Menengah Sains
Johor, a government boarding secondary school with a special
emphasis on science subjects, was built in the 1970s on the
outskirts of Kluang along the Batu Pahat road.
Kluang High School
Tinggi Kluang is one of the best known schools in Kluang, and the
Chong Hwa High School is the second biggest Chinese secondary
school in Malaysia. A number of other schools were built between
2000 to 2006.
For shop lovers,Kluang has 3 shopping malls,first established was
BCB Plaza, then Kluang Parade while the latest addition is Kluang
Mall.Interestingly enough, these 3 shopping malls and other
convenient stores like The Store is in the same vicinity. It means
you can park your vehicle at one place,and conveniently walk to any
of these or perhaps visit all. While for hypermarket lovers, you
may opt to shop at Giant in Tmn Sri Kluang,further uptown from
Kluang,approximately 2 km from Kluang city centre.
and Gunung Lambak
are popular with jungle
trekkers. Besides,you can enjoy horse riding activities
at Gunung Lambak.The area of Machap (between
Renggam and Air Hitam) is well
known for its pottery and porcelain.
Also noteworthy is an authentic coffee shop located at no. 56,
Jalan Lambak by the name of Tong Fong Cafe (a.k.a. Eastern Cafe)
which was very popular with the British soldiers during the heyday
when Malaya was still under British rule. The operator is a second
generation descendant of the owner and the coffee shop has been
operating since 1954.
The majority of eating establishments are outdoor-style hawker
stalls or simple restaurants. There is a wide range of Indian,
Malay and Chinese food available. Interestingly, there is a wide
selection of very good quality chinese food on offer including an
outdoor/indoor dim sum restaurant. The Taman Aman 2/Bat Town hawker
stall is particularly good.
Besides that, there are few shopping malls in Kluang town, like BCB
Plaza,Kluang Parade and Kluang
Nightlife is relatively restricted although there is a modern
nightclub and separate large KTV lounge & pub in the Kluang
Zenxin Organic Food is located to the south west of Kluang and can
be reached by car or taxi within approximately twenty minutes from