Kollam district, earlier
known as Quilon district, is one among the 14 districts of Kerala state,
India. The district is representative of all the
natural attributes of Kerala and is endowed with a long coastal
region, a major sea port on the Arabian Sea inland in Astamudi lake and was called
- For the town with the same name, see
Plains, mountains, lakes, lagoons
, forests, farm
land and rivers. The area had mercantile relationship with
Phoenicians and the Romans
thirty percent of this district is covered by the Ashtamudi Lake, thereby making it a gateway to the Kerala Backwaters.
Thekkumbagam panchyaths together had made the very ancient Korekini
(sea pointed inland) Kollam port of Tarsish even in 1500 BC.
district has five administrative sub-divisions (taluks): Pathanapuram, Kunnathur,
Kottarakkara, Karunagappally and Kollam.
Collector is a key functionary of the government, exercising
large powers and responsibilities.
Mermaid statue, Kollam beach
He or she has a dual role
to play, as the agent of the government and as the chief
administrator of the District, always reporting to the state
government. Among the tasks of the District Collector is it to
maintain law and order. The District Collector is also the head of
the Land Revenue Department of the district. The Tahsildar
is the main revenue official in charge
of each taluk. The district has a single revenue division with its
headquarters at Quilon.
Adichanallore, Chirakkara, Eravipuram, Kalluvathukkal, Kilikolloor, Kizhakkke
Kallada), Kollam East, Kollam West, Kottamkara, Kottappuram, Mangad, Munroethuruth, Mayyanad, Meenadu, Mulavana, Mundakkal, Nedumpana, Pallimon,
Panayam, Parippally, Perinadu, Poothakulam,
Sakthikulangara, Thazhuthala, Thrikkadavoor, Thrikkaruva, Thrikkovilvattom, Kundara and
- Kollam Taluk (taluk
Arayankavu, Ayranallore, Channapetta, Edamon,
Edamulakkal, Eroor, Karavaloor, Kulathupuzha, Maloor, Pathanapuram, Pattazhi, Pidavoor, Piravanthoor, Punalur, Punnala, Thalavoor, Thenmala, Thinkalkarikkom, Vadakode and
Chadayamangalam, Chakkuvarakkal, Chithara, Elamadu, Ezhukone, Ittiva, Kadakkal, Kalayapuram, Kareepra, Kottarakkara, Kottukkal, Kulakkada, Kummil, Mangodu,
Melila, Mylam, Neduvathoor, Nilamel, Odanavattom, Pavithraswaram, Pooyapally, [Puthoor,] Ummannore,
Valakom, Velinallore, Vettikavala and
Alappad, Ayanivelikulangara, Chavara, Clappana, Kallelibhagam, Karunagappally, Kulasekharapuram, Neendakara, Ochira, Paavumba,
Panmana, Thazhava, Thekkumbhagam, Thevalakkara, Thodiyoor and
Kunnathur, Mynagappally, Padinjara (West), Kallada, Poruvazhi, Sasthamkotta, Sooranad North and Sooranad
- Pathanapuram Taluk (taluk
Places of worship
world famous spiritual Guru Mata Amrithanda mayi has her spiritual
abode set on the beautiful shores of the Arabian sea in the
karunagapally taluk of kollam district
Oachira, located in the north end of Kollam on National
Highway 47, is famous for the Oachira Parabrahma Temple.
Oachirakali is a special annual event at the padanilam (paddy fields
) in the month of Vrichikam.
Oachira Town Masjid (mosque) and the Oachira temple are situated
close to one another and are a proud symbol of communal
The Anchal Agasthyakode Mahadevar Temple is another major Mahadevar
temple in the Kollam district. It is situated in Anchal Panchayath.
Every year during Sivarathri, people from every caste and religious
background come for the religious festivities, such as Jikku
The Thrikkadavoor Mahadevar Temple is the most famous Siva Temple
in Kollam District. It is situated in the Thrikkadavoor Panchayath
and on the banks of the Ashtamudi lake. The annual Srattu festival
attracts thousands of people, including foreigners. The festival
falls in the month of Kumbham (February). The eight artificial
horses, which represent the eight areas (karas) around the temple,
is a special attraction for tourists.
The Veerabhadra Swamy Temple at Ashtamudi in Kollam is the only
temple in the southern part of the country with Veerabhadra as the
. This belongs to
Kuttiyazhikam, Karuva, a two hundred & fifty-year-old Ezhava
Mahaganapathi Temple at Kottarakara, famous for its Unniappom, is one of the most
venerated Ganesh temples in Kerala.
Gateway to a temple at Kollam
Umayanalloor Sri Balasubramania Swamy Temple is situated on the
NH-47, about 8 km from Kollam town, on the Kollam-Trivandrum
road. The temple is visited by thousands of devotees. Its 'Aana
Vaal Pidutham' Mahotsavam during the Malayalam calendar
'Meenam'[mid-March], attracts hundreds of devotees from all over
the state. 'Thaipuyyam' is also celebrated in a big way. The lore
is that the temple was built by the powerful lady ruler
'Umayammarani' of Venad Kingdom about 500 years ago.Aryankavu in
the Western Ghats
is the easternmost
point in the district on the National Highway. One of the five
temples is situated here;
two others are at Achankovil and Kulathupuzha in the
is 17 km south from
Kollam town and has a lot of attractive places to tourists. Sree
Bhootha Natha Temple, Chennamath Temple and Vilappuram Bhagavathy
Temple at Chathannoor are famous temples. Polachira is a beautiful
place near Vilappuram Temple and Anathavalam (elephants shelter) at
Chirakkara are also there.
Thalavoor Sri Durga Devi Temple, Peroor
Karunalloor Bhagavathy Temple,Pattazhy Devi Temple, Kundara Elampalloor Devi Temple and Paravur Puttingal Devi Temple are among the important Hindu
temples in Kollam District.
Another important temple is the Kottamkulangara temple near
Chavara, where there is a tradition of males participating in
'Vilakkeduppu' wearing women's dresses.
Parayakadavu, a coastal village near Karunagapally, is the
birthplace of Mata
and is the headquarters of her Math.
Thirumullavarom Temple is the most famous temple in Kollam situated
near the Arabian Sea where thousands used to come annually for
performing Vavu Bali.
Kundara St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian
Cathedral is located about 200 meters from Arumurikkada
junction (NH - 208) on Arumurikkada - Kuzhimathikadu - Nallila
The church in Malankara is an integral part of the
Universal Syriac Orthodox Church with the Patriarch of Antioch as
its supreme head. The local head of the church in Malankara is the
Catholicose of India. His Beatitude Baselios Thomas I, ordained by
and accountable to the Patriarch of Antioch. The Feast of Virgin
Mary's birth is celebrated from September 1 to 8 every year.On
September 7 evening a Rasa (Procession) is conducted from Church to
Cheerankavu Junction (East) and Mukkada Junction (West), and back
Apostle Thomas founded one of his "seven and a half churches" in
Kollam. They were family or community churches as neither Holy
Bible was codified nor cross was acknowledged as the symbol of
Christian faith in the first century AD. The church founded by the
Apostle at the ancient Kollam port of Tarsish (thevalakara) was
re-constructed three times. The second re organising of the Tarsish
Christian nambuthiri community which was still inside vedic
Vaishnavism was in the 4th century when a Persian cross brought
from a Red sea port was erected in accordance with the Nicaea
sunnahodose the first ecumenical council of the Christian church,
meeting in ancient Nicaea (now İznik, Tur.). It was called by the
emperor Constantine I, an unbaptized catechumen, or neophyte, who
presided over the opening session and took part in the discussions
declaration making the cross the symbol of Christian faith the
World over for the first time. In 825 AD Mar S(abo)r ministered
here re constructing the Tarsi sh-a -palli at Thevalakara for the
third time as the first church founded by him with Syrian litergy
after receiving the Tarsish-a-palli plates from Kulshekara kings
which in reality laid the foundation of Christianity as a religion
in Kerala outside Vedic
(waterfalls), Thenmala (forests and reservoir), the Agasthyamalai Biosphere
Reserve, Ashtamudi (backwaters) and Kollam beaches (Kollam
city beach, Thirumullavaram beach,
Thangassery beach) are all beautiful spots in this area.
community tourism program in the state will begin on the Munroethuruth islands in Kollam district.
Kollam was the seat of the Desinganad kings. Kottarakara is famous
as the place where the classical dance form of Kathakali
was conceived. It was also the capital
of the Elayidath Swaroopam. Kundara is famous for the 1812
proclamation against the British by Velu Thampi Dalawa
Alappad village is located on the seashore of Kollam District,
which was affected by the Tsunami
famous Varkala Beach, also known as Papanasham, is 26 km
south of Kollam.
The famous Duriyodana temple is in
Kunnathur Taluk. The Sakthikulangara Dharma Sastha Temple-Sree
Ayyappa Swamy Temple is famous for the Utsavam, in the month of
Makaram [Malayalam Calender], which is between mid-January and
Polachira in Chirakkara Gramapanchayat is a beautiful place for
site seeing. The famous "Anathavalam" is near here, where one can
see domestic elephants, touch it and even travel on it. Don't
forget to see "Mannathippara" at Polachira. It is 4 kms towards
south from Chathannoor town.
Kollam has several privately-owned and state-owned educational
institutions. St. Joseph's convent school at tuet, Kollam is the
school without Government Aid & having maximum students in the
world (over 12,000 students). The state-run school is the Govt.
Model Higher Secondary School For Boys which is the oldest school
in the city. Schools like Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls
High School, Sree Narayana Public School, Infant Jesus Anglo Indian
are affiliated with the Indian Certificate of
(ICSE), Accel IT academy
Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) or the Kerala State
Education Board. Divine Public School, Puthoor (CBSE Senior
Secondary School, affiliated to the CBSE, Delhi, offers admission
fromPlay Class to Plus Two.). After students have completed their
10+2 years of schooling, they can enroll in higher education
institutions for professional degree/diploma courses. The professional
colleges of the district include Fatima Mata
National College (FMNC), SN College, SN Women's College, TKM College
of Engineering (Karikode), TKM Institute of Technology (Karuvelil),
Younus College of Engineering and Technology (Pallimukku), Amritha
Institute of Technology, Travancore Engineering College (Oyoor),
Prasanth Computers, Kadappakada and The V Institute of Wireless and Telegraphy.
Mission Hospital and School of Nursing in Kadakkal contribute
prominently into the field of nursing education.
central government undertakings, the Indian Rare Earths Chavara and Parvathi Mills Ltd., are among the industries
in Kollam. Kerala Ceramics Ltd., Kundara, Kerala
Electrical and Allied Engineering Company, Kundara, Kerala Premo
Pipe factory, Chavara, Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited, Chavara,
United Electrical Industries-Kollam and the Kerala Agro-Fruit
Products Punalur are state government-owned companies.
major industries in the private sector are Thomas Stephen &
Co., Kollam, Floorco Paravur, Cooperative Spinning Mill, Chathannur
and Punalur Paper Mills, Punalur. 1963 SSI units have been
registered in the district.
The Travancore Plywood Industries at Punalur and Aluminium
Industries Ltd. at Kundara have been notified as being sick units
and have consequently been closed down.
The traditional cashew industry is centralised in this District.
Kollam is approved by the central government as a "centre of cashew
industry". Most of the workers in this industry are women and among
them a majority comes from the weaker sections of the society.
There are several cashew processing units working in the district.
The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Ltd, a government
of Kerala undertaking, has its headquarters in Kollam. It serves as
a model agency for the cashew processing industry. The corporation
has 30 cashew factories and employs more than 20,000 workers.
Another government organisation in this field is CAPEX, which is in
the cooperative sector and has 10 cashew factories. Interested
persons can visit the website of the Corporation to understand more
details of the Cashew Industry. Coir production, handloom industry,
clay and wood-based industries contribute to the industrial
advancement of the region.
Kollam is connected by inland waterways to Thiruvananthapuram and
Alappuzha. These waterways are main attractions and scenic tourist
destinations in the area. Kerala State Water Transport Department
(KSWTD) had an operating centre near the KSRTC bus stand. Now,
KSWTD is not operating boat service from Kollam to Alappuzha
anymore. However circular chain boat service from Kollam to
Astamudi via Thopilkadavu, Kureepuzha, Kavanadu & Sampranikodi
is to begin this year. Tourists may privately hire motorised
country boats with all amenities in Kettavulam in Malayalam.