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Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) is South Korea's premier public broadcaster and the biggest one of three major Korean television networks. This public broadcasting network is best known for nightly newscasts and lavish historical dramas, although private broadcasters such as MBC and SBSmarker have produced popular historical dramas in recent years as well.

History

Structure

KBS broadcasting station


KBS is a 'public organization' that , by law, receives public funding from the Korean Government but is independently managed. As mentioned on the Korean Constitution, the president of KBS is recommended by its board of directors to the President of Korea. Political parties in Korea have the right to name members of the board of directors of KBS. Since the President of South Korea usually has leadership over the members of the ruling party, KBS's president is considered to be designated by the president of Korea. This procedure has incurred worries of political intervention in KBS' governance and has led to many thinking that the current system of recruiting needs to be revised.

Around 37.8% of its revenue comes from a mandatory Television Licence Fee, while 47.6% of the revenue comes from commercial advertisement sales. For national or governmental programs such as International Radio service (KBS World Radio) and the Radio service for physically handicapped people, KBS receives public funds from the Korean government.

Channels

Terrestrial television

  • KBS 1TV - news, current affairs, education, sports and culture. Launched 1961 as HLKA-TV. KBS 1TV is solely run using License Fee and doesn't show any commercial announcement.
  • KBS 2TV - entertainment and drama. Launched 1964 as Tongyang Broadcasting Corporation,Not to be mistaken as TBC-TV (SBS' Regional Station in Daegu)


Cable and Satellite television

  • KBS Prime - culture and drama. Launched 1996 as KBS satellite 2, renamed(KBS Korea) at 2002.
  • KBS Drama - formerly KBS Sky Drama. launched 2002.
  • KBS N Sports - formerly KBS Sports/KBS Sky Sports. launched 2002.
  • KBS Joy - comedy and quiz show. launched 2006.
These four channels are carried by Cable and Satellite operators in Korea. There are 100+ Cable operators in Korea and Skylife is sole satellite television service provider. These channels are managed and operated by KBS N, a subsidiary company of KBS.

Radio

  • KBS Radio 1 (AM/FM) - news, current affairs, documentary and culture. launched 1927 as JODK.
  • KBS Radio 2 (AM/FM) - entertainment. launched 1961 as KBS second Programme.
  • KBS Radio 3 (AM) - launched 1964 as RSB(Radio Seoul Broadcasting), renamed as TBC Radio at 1970s, then current name in 1980, and ceased broadcasting at 1981, replaced by KBS Radio 2's regional service and Educational FM(now EBS FM), and re-launched 2000, spin-off from KBS Radio 2.
  • KBS 1FM (FM) - classical music and folkmusic. launched 1979 as KBS-FM.
  • KBS 2FM (89.1 MHz Cool FM) - popular music. launched 1966 as TBC-FM.
  • KBS social radio (shortwave) - launched 1975 as KBS Third Programme
  • KBS World Radiomarker - international service [see also RFI, BBC World Service and Radio Canada International], as well as satellite and international services.


List of KBS programs

Dramas

* Autumn Fairy Tale (가을동화; also known as Autumn In My Heart; 2000)
* Winter Sonata (겨울연가; 2002)
* Summer Scent (여름향기; 2003)
* Spring Waltz (봄의 왈츠; 2006)
  • First Love (첫사랑; 1996)
  • Papa (파파; 1996)
  • Salut D'Amour (사랑의 인사; 1994)
  • Love OK (사랑해도 괜찮아)
  • Drama City (드라마시티)


Documentaries



News and Current Affairs

  • KBS News 9 (KBS 9시뉴스. Main news programme)
  • KBS News-Guangjang (KBS 뉴스광장. Breakfast programme)
  • KBS News network (KBS 뉴스네트워크. Evening programme with some local segments)
  • KBS Newsline (KBS 뉴스라인. Midnight programme)
  • Midnight Debate-Live (생방송 심야토론. Sunday-night debate programme)
  • Media Focus (미디어 포커스. Mediawatch programme)
  • Coverage-File 4321 (취재파일 4321. Sunday's In-depth news coverage programme)


Entertainment



Childrens

  • Funny Funny (파니파니)
  • Goosebumps (명소름닭살 )


Other



KBS World

KBS World is the international television and radio service of KBS. KBS World television is a television channel that runs mostly programs commissioned for KBS' 2 terrestrial networks: KBS1 and KBS2. KBS World television is distributed over several international communication and broadcasting satellites S-DMB such as IS-8, IS-9, IS-10, Hotbird 6, Galaxy 10R, Arabsat 4D. Local cable and/or satellite operators receive the signal from one of these satellite and carry the signal to end subscribers of their own networks. KBS doesn't allow individual viewer to receive the signal from IS-8, IS-9, IS-10 and Galaxy 10R. The signal from Arabsat 4D is Free-to-Air service while viewers using Hotbird 6 are required to pay monthly subscription fee.KBS World television is for both local people and Korean expatriates around the world. As of July 2007, around 65% of its programs are broadcast with English Subtitles. KBS World Japan is independently operated by KBS Japan, KBS' subsidiary in Japan and practically all programs are provided with Japanese subtitles.

KBS launched KBS World officially on July 1 2003. As of July 2007, KBS World television is available in 32 countries and reportedly more than 40 million households around the world are accessible to KBS World TV.

KBS World television runs on a 24hr schedule with programming ranging from news, sports, dramas, variety shows and children's programs.

Foreign Partners



See also



References

  1. KBS Annual Report 2006-2007, KBS, 2007.(As mentioned on page 30)


External links




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