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Kostolac (Костолац,Romanian : Caştelu) is a small Serbianmarker town on the Danube river in the Braničevo Districtmarker. The remains of the Roman capital of the province of Moesia Superior Viminaciummarker are located near Stari Kostolac some 20km to the east of Kostolac. Kostolac is situated in the municipality of Požarevacmarker. Kostolac is a center of area called Stig and home of thermo-power plants and coal mines.

Demographics

Ethnic groups in the town (2002 census):

History

The tribes of Autariatae and Scordisci are thought to have merged into one in this area after 313BC, since excavations show that the two groups made burials at the same exact grave field in Pecine, near Kostolac. Nine graves of Autariatae dating to 4th century BC and scattered Autariatae and Celtic graves around these earlier graves show that the two groups mixed rather than made war and this resulted in the lower Morava valley becoming a Celto-Thracio-Illyrian interaction zone. The Celtic Invasions of Greece in 279 BC formed the sub-Celtic group of Scordisci who would according to Strabo, defeat and push the powerful Triballians towards the Getae, the Scordisci self-rule in different regions of Serbia gradually ended with the Roman conquest of the Balkans in the 1st century AD and the Romanization-Slavicization of the Paleo-Balkan tribes that would later form the nation of Serbs.

Viminaciummarker, a major city of the Roman province of Moesia, and the capital of Moesia Superior was situated 20 km to the east of this location, near Stari Kostolac.

Đorđe Vajfert opened coal mines in Kostolac. During WWII, Germans constructed first power plant "Mali Kostolac" ("small Kostolac"). After the war, people from every where came to build it.

Industry

Power Station Kostolac A
Kostolac has two thermal power plants:
  • TPP "Kostolac A" – with 2 blocks – total available capacity of 281 MW and production of 716 GWh
  • TPP "Kostolac B" – with 2 blocks – total available capacity of 640 MW and production of 3,027 GWh


Thermal power blocks of Economic Association "Thermal Power Plants and Mines Kostolac" plc with total available capacity of 921 MW, make 11 percent of the total available capacity of the electric power system of Serbia.

Electric power production in Economic Association "Thermal Power Plants and Mines Kostolac" plc of 3,743 GWh makes almost 11 percent of the total electric power production in EPS's system.

Thermal power plants Economic Association "Thermal Power Plants and Mines Kostolac" plc use fuel lignite produced at open-pit mines "Cirikovac" and "Drmno", for electric power production.

In addition to electric power, TPP "Kostolac A" produces heating energy for heating the cities of Kostolac and Požarevac.

Features

Near Kostolac is the archaeological site at Viminacium, a former Roman outpost with wide streets, luxurious villas, extensive baths and an amphitheater, just recently opened to the public.

See also



References

  1. Jovanović 1984, 1985, 1991; Theodossiev 2000: 120- 121, cat. no. 113 with full bibliography
  2. Jovanović 1985, 1992
  3. http://www.caorc.org/programs/mellonpubs/Theodossiev.pdf
  4. Strabo (VII 3, 13)


External links




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