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Krasnodar Krai ( , Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russiamarker (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District.

Geography

Krasnodar Krai encompasses the western part of the Forecaucasusmarker and a part of the northern slopes of Caucasus Major. Krasnodar Krai borders, clockwise from the west, Ukrainemarker—from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerchmarker and the Sea of Azovmarker—Russia's Rostov Oblast, Stavropol Krai, and the Karachay-Cherkess Republicmarker, and Georgiamarker's breakaway republic of Abkhaziamarker. The krai territory encompasses the Republic of Adygeamarker. Krasnodar Krai's southern border is formed by what is left of Russia's Black Seamarker coast, with the most important port (Novorossiyskmarker) and resort (Sochimarker) in this part of the country.


Geographically, the area is split by the Kuban River into two distinct parts. The southern, seaward third (historically known as Circassia) is the western extremity of the Caucasus range, lying within the Crimean Submediterranean forest complex ecoregion; the climate is Mediterraneanmarker or, in the south-east, subtropical. The northern two-thirds lies on the Pontic Steppe and shares continental climate patterns. The largest lake is Abraumarker in the wine-making region of Abrau-Dyursomarker.

Time zone



Krasnodar Krai is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).


Administrative divisions

Demographics

Population: 5,125,221 (2002 Census); 5,113,148 (1989 Census). The population of Krasnodar Krai is concentrated in the Kuban River drainage basin, which used to be traditional Cossack land (see History of Cossacks). The Kuban Cossacks are now generally considered to be ethnic Russians, even though they are still an important minority in their own right in this area. Other notable ethnic groups include the Armenians (mostly Christian Hamsheni) who have lived in the region since at least the 18th century. The Ukrainians are also an important group; they actually formed a majority of the population in the early 20th century but were subject to heavy Russification.

Ethnic groups: The 2002 Census counted thirty-three ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each, making this federal subject one of the most multicultural in Russiamarker. The inhabitants identified themselves as belonging to more than 140 different ethnic groups, as shown in the following table:

Population Ethnicity Percentage of total population
4,418,715 Russians 86.2%
274,566 Armenians 5.36%
131,774 Ukrainians 2.57%
26,540 Greeks 0.52%
26,260 Belarusians 0.51%
25,575 Tatars 0.50%
20,225 Georgians 0.40%
18,469 Germans 0.36%
17,542 Cossacks 0.34%
15,821 Adyghe 0.31%
13,496 Turks 0.26%
11,944 Azeris 0.23%
10,873 Roma 0.21%
6,537 Moldovans 0.13%
5,022 Kurds 0.10%
4,835 Mordovians 0.10%
4,446 Cherkes 0.09%
4,441 Ezids 0.09%
4,141 Chuvash 0.08%
4,133 Ossetians 0.08%
3,764 Assyrians 0.07%
3,752 Lezgins 0.07%
3,425 Udmurts 0.07%
3,289 Koreans 0.06%
3,213 Shapsugs 0.06%
3,138 Bulgarians 0.06%
2,958 Poles 0.06%
2,945 Jews 0.06%
2,857 Chechens 0.06%
2,723 Mari 0.05%
2,609 Crimean Tatars 0.05%
2,210 Uzbeks 0.04%
2,061 Bashkirs 0.04%


A further 0.26% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire.

Vital Statistics for 2007: Source
  • Birth Rate: 11.19 per 1000
  • Death Rate: 14.39 per 1000
  • Net Immigration: +7.1 per 1000
  • NGR: -0.32% per Year
  • PGR: +0.39% per Year


Vital Statistics for 2008:

  • Population (Jan 2009): 5,100,000
  • Births (2008): 62,200
  • Deaths (2008): 72,900


See also



Notes

References



External links




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