Krishna River (Marathi:
कृष्णा नदी, Kannada: ಕೃಷ್ಣಾ ನದಿ , Telugu: కృష్ణా నది), is one of the longest rivers in central-southern India (about 1300
km in length).
- This article is about an Indian river. For other
meanings, see Krishna and
at Mahabaleswar in Maharashtra in the west and meets the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi in
Pradesh, on the east coast. It also flows through
the state of Karnataka.
The delta of the river is one of the most
fertile regions in Bharat and was the home to ancient Satavahana
sun dynasty, kings. Vijayawada is the largest city on the River
Ecologically, this is one of the disastrous rivers in the world, in
that it causes heavy soil erosion during the monsoon
season. It flows fast and furious, often
reaching depths of over 75 feet (23 m). Ironically, there is a
saying in Marathi (language of Maharashtra) "sunt vaahate Krishnamaai" which means "quiet
This term is also used to describe how a
person should be, as quiet as Krishna. But, in reality, Krishna
causes a high degree of erosion between June and August.
this time, Krishna takes fertile soil from Maharashtra, Karnataka and western Andhra Pradesh towards the delta region.
important tributary is the Tungabhadra River, which is formed by the Tunga River and Bhadra
River that originate in the Western Ghats. Other tributaries
include the Koyna
River (and its tributaries such as the Kundali River feeding into the Upper Bhima
River Basin), Malaprabha River,
Ghataprabha River, Yerla River, Warna
River, Dindi River, Musi River and Dudhganga River.
River, Vasna, Panchganga River, Dudhganga, Ghataprabha River, Malaprabha River and Tungabhadra
River join Krishna from the right bank; while the
Yerla River, Musi River, Maneru and Bhima rivers join
the Krishna from the left bank
Three tributaries meet Krishna river near Sangli. Warana River
meets Krishna river near Sangli at
Haripur. This spot is also known as Sangameshwar. Panchganga River meets Krishna river at Narsobawadi near Sangli.
These places are
very holy. It is said that Lord Dattatraya
spent some of his days at Audumber on
the banks of river Krishna.
- Krishna River Tributories
Places and Temples
Temples like Dattadeva temple, which is very dear to the people of
Maharashtra is located on the banks of Krishna at Narasoba Waadi
and Audumber near Bhilawadi
Sangameshwar Shiva Temple
at Haripur and Ramling Temple are located on the banks of
river Krishna near Sangli.
pilgrim spots like Audumber and Narsobawadi are located on the
banks of river Krishna near Sangli in
Maharashtra state. Kudalasangama is located near Bagalkot, in Karnataka which is an Aikya linga of Basaveshwara. Srisailam, one of the twelve jyotirlingas, has an ancient
temple for Lord Shiva.
celebrated in the presence of Dalai Lama
, the capital of imperial
who held sway over South India
for 400 years and a great seat of
Buddhist learning and wisdom. Vijayawada on the left bank of the river has a famous temple
situated on Indrakeeladri mountain dedicated to Goddess Kanaka Durga.
There are many dams
constructed across the
Krishna Basin extends over an area of 258,948 km² which is nearly
8% of total geographical area of the country. The basin lies in the
states of Andhra
Pradesh (113,271 km²), Karnataka (76,252 km²) and Maharashtra (69,425 km²).
river rises in the Western Ghats at an elevation of about 1337 m
just north of Mahabaleshwar, about 64 km from the Arabian Sea and flows for
about 1400 km and outfalls into the Bay of Bengal.
principal tributaries joining Krishna are the Ghataprabha, the
Malaprabha, the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi.
Most part of this basin comprises rolling and undulating country
except the western border which is formed by an unbroken line of
ranges of the Western Ghats. The important soil types found in the
basin are black soils, red soils, laterite and lateritic soils,
alluvium, mixed soils, red and black soils and saline and alkaline
An average annual surface water potential of 78.1 km³ has been
assessed in this basin. Out of this, 58.0 km³ is utilisable water.
Culturable area in the basin is about 203,000 km², which is 10.4%
of the total culturable area of the country.
In 2009 October Heavy Floods occurred, isolating 350 villages and
leaving millions homeless. which are never seen in over 100 years
and resulted in heavy damage to Kurnool and Krishna Districts.
Entire Kurnool city is surrounded by 10 feet water for nearly 3
With water inflow of 1.11 million Cusec at the Prakasam
Barriage,which is surpassed previous record of 1.08 Million Cusec
recorded in the year 1903