Kudat is a town in Sabah, a state in
the eastern part of Malaysia, on the
northern tip of Borneo
island. It serves as the administrative center for
the Kudat Division, which includes
the towns of Kudat, Pitas, Kota Marudu, and some offshore islands.
located on the northern part of Sabah, some 190 kilometers north of
Kinabalu, the state
capital. On the west, it faces the South China Sea, and on the east the Sulu Sea.
Location of Kudat town and district
is at latitude 6°55'north, longitude 116°50'east.
Kudat's population (2000) was 68,242. The ethnic composition is
, a sub-group of the indigenous
. About 10% of the population is
ethnic Chinese, and there are minorities of Bajau
, and Malay
. However, there is also a considerable
number of unregistered illegal
immigrants from the nearby Philippines, notably from the Sulu regions and
The town was founded by A H Everett of
the British North Borneo
on December 7
to be the first capital of British North Borneo
, due to its
strategic geographic location. However, after being repeatedly raided by
Bajau, Sulu and Illanun pirates, in 1883 the capital was shifted to
the more secure port of Sandakan, on the east coast.
It is not a well known location for foreign visitors, however,
there is a notable modern beach resort near the town, Kudat Golf
& Marina Resort, which offer good foods and accommodation. The
resort and the adjoining golf course was built on reclaimed land
done in 70s by the then Chief Minister of Sabah Tun Dato Mustapha.
The late Tun Mustapha was from Limau-limaun, across the bay from
Kudat. The golf club is the oldest golf club in Borneo, Kudat Golf Club
, founded in 1906, currently
a 18 holes par 72 championship course. Other attractions include
tours to nearby Rungus longhouses
traditional brass gongs
are made, and where honey
is produced and to
Tanjung Simpang Mengayau
the northernmost point on the island of Borneo.
During World War II, the Japanese Imperial Army built and
maintained an air field here. The airfield was built by locals and
forced labour from Java, Indonesia using coral stones as base. Many
Indonesian died from disease and hunger. In 1945, B25 bombers of
the United States Far East Air Force repeatedly bombed the air
field and put it out of action. The current airfield operated by
Malaysian Airport Berhad is built on part of the former military