Kuka) is a town and Local Government Area in the
northeastern Nigerian state of
Borno, close to
The town was founded in 1814 as capital of the Kanem-Bornu Empire
by the Muslim scholar
and warlord Muhammad al-Kanem
after the fall of the previous capital, Ngazargamu
, conquered in 1808 in the Fulani War
. The town had great strategical importance,
being the southern terminal of an important trans-Saharan trade route to Tripoli.
was captured and sacked in 1893 by the Sudanese warlord
Rabih az-Zubayr, and then by the
British in 1902.
Historically the city was much larger than today, with a population
estimated by the British at 50,000-60,000 in the late