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Kurnool District ( , ) is a district in the state of Andhra Pradeshmarker, Indiamarker, located in the west-central part of the state on the southern banks of the Tungabhadramarker and Handri rivers. The town of Kurnoolmarker is currently the headquarters of the district. It had a population of 3,529,494 of which 23.16% were urban as of 2001.

Historical significance of Kurnool

In 12th century AD, the Odders, who carted stones for the construction of the temple at Alampur, Mahaboobnagar District, on the left bank of the River Thungabhadra, used the site where the town now stands as a stopping place before crossing the Tungabhadra. They greased their cart wheels with oil supplied by local oil merchants and called the place 'Kandanavolu' which in course of time came to be known as Kurnool.

Of historical interest are the ruins of a royal fort dating back to the medieval kingdom of Vijayanagar, which flourished from the 14th to the 16th century. Several Persian and Arabic inscriptions which throw light on various aspects of historical interests are found here.

In Kurnool there are 52 dargahs (shrines) located around the Thungabhadra and Hundari rivers. A very famous and lengthy K.C. Canal starts in Kurnoolmarker and ends in Cuddapahmarker. It is around 300 kilometers long. In Kurnool city there are a number of ancient temples, churches and mosques. Kurnool city, known as the gateway to the Rayalaseema, on N.H.7 (Kanyakumari to Varanasi) on the banks of the Rivers Thungabhadra and the Hundri was the capital of the first linguistic state in free India, Andhra State from 1 Oct. 1953 to 31 Oct. 1956. As such it has some historical buildings.

Kurnool has freedom fighters like Vuyyalawada Narsimha Reddy, Gadicharla Harisarvothama Rao. Zilla Grandhalaya Samstha (ZGS ) and the District Central Libray (DCL), Kurnool, building near the old Bus stand is named 'GADICHARLA HARISARVOTHAMA RAO SMARAKA BHAVANAMU". It is the second district, apart from Nellore (Bejawada Gopal Reddy 'Andhra state' & Nedurumalli Janardhan Reddy), which has contributed two Chief Ministers to Andhra Pradesh:
  1. Damodaram Sanjeevaiah (1st dalit Chief Minister of India and A.P),
  2. Kotla Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy
  3. 10th Indian Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha rao was elected as member of parliament from Nandyal constituency with over 6 lakh (600,000) majority, a world record.


Physiography

The Nallamalas and Erramalas mountain ranges in the district run parallel from the North to South. The ranges divide the district into two tracts crossed by the Krishna and Pennar rivers. The North Pagidyala mandal is about 1000 above sea level. From this height the ground slopes to the South along the river Kundu until it traverses into the Pennar valley. Major part of its tract is black soil. Also a great leader of prakash nagar is Syed Kheezar Anwar, named because of his nature towards backward class people. Between the Erramalas and Nallamalas lies the Eastern part of the district comprising of:
  1. Kodumurmarker
  2. Nandikotkurmarker
  3. Pagidyalamarker
  4. Kothapalli
  5. Pamulapadu
  6. Atmakur
  7. Velgodu
  8. Jupadu Bungalow
  9. Miduthurmarker
  10. Bandi Atmakurmarker
  11. Gadivemula
  12. Nandyalmarker
  13. Mahanandi
  14. Panyammarker
  15. Banaganapalli
  16. Srisailammarker
  17. Owkmarker
  18. Allagaddamarker
  19. Koilkuntlamarker
  20. Rudravarammarker
  21. Chagalamarrimarker
  22. Yemmiganuru
  23. Adonimarker
  24. Devanakondamarker
  25. Pathhikonda


Politics

Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy (Ananthapur District) was elected from the Dhone assembly constituency in 1962 general elections and became the Chief Minister of AP. Again in 1977 general elections to the Lok Sabha, he won from the Nandyal Parliamentary constituency and became the speaker of the Lok Sabha. However he resigned and became the 6th President of the Republic of India.

Transportation

The district is connected by highways and railways.

kurnool kotla vijayabaskar reddy become the chiefminister also.

Prime attractions of Kurnool

Kurnool is a simple town with some interesting places to visit.

  • The ruins of a royal fort dating back to the medieval kingdom of Vijayanagar, which flourished from the 14th to the 16th century. Several Persian and Arabic inscriptions which throw light on various aspects of historical interests are found here.


  • The Kondareddy Buruz protected under the Ancient Monuments Preservation Act. The Tomb of Abdul Wahab on the bank of Hindri, Built in AD 1618. The remains of the palace of Gopal Raju, the last Hindu rulers of Kurnool.


  • Summer Palace of the Rulers of Kurnool, the Flood Protection Wall along the River Thungabhadra, forming the nucleus of the Fort Wall, constructed by Sri Krishna Devaraya between 1525 and 1527.


Temples

Few important temples are 'Nagareswarasawami', 'Peta Anjaneyaswami', 'Venugoplaswami', 'Iswaraswami', 'Saibaba', three Sri Venkateswara Swamy temples at Sankalbaugh (Narasimharaopet), Krishna Nagar and Venkataramana Colony and 'Birla Mandir' or 'Satyanarayaswami' "new shirdi saibaba temple" at new postal colony (Balaji Nagar).

Famous Temples in Kurnool district

  • Mantralayammarker - Raghavendra Swamy Temple.
  • Ahobilammarker - Narasimhaswamy Temple.
  • Srisailammarker - Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple
  • Mahanandi- Lord Mahanandeeswara
  • Yagantimarker- Lord Siva Temple
  • Adonimarker - Mahayogi Lakshmamma Avva Temple
  • Belum Caves - Under ground caves extending to Sri Sailam.
  • Urukunda Eranna - Kouthalam Mandalam, Adoni.
  • Maddilety Swamy, Rangapuram, Behtamcheral
  • Choudeswari Ammavaru/ Devi. Nandavaram, Banaganapalli.
  • Peddamma Ammavaru. Tangutur, Banaganapalli.
  • Sri Gospadu Peddamma Thalli Temple, Gospadu, Nandyal.
  • Pothaluri Veerabrahmendra Swamy Matham/Brahmamgari Matham, Banaganapalli.
  • Kolanu Bharaathi, Kothapalli, Athmakur.
  • Ranamandala Hanumantha, Adoni
  • Gadelingappa Samadhi, Gulyam, Halaharvi Mandalam.
  • Peravali Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple
  • Ayyappa Swamy temple near KC canal, central plaza back
  • Sri Dattasai Baba temple Nandikotkur road, Saraswathi nagar, near checkpost
  • Sri Rangayya Tata & Kadhar linganna darga at Kowtalam
  • Sri Koulutla Chenna Kesava Temple in Reservered Forest of Kappatrala.


Composition

Kurnool District comprises 3 Revenue Divisions, 54 Revenue Mandals, 53 Mandal Parishads, One Municipal Corporation, 3 Municipalities, 899 Gram Panchayats (Notified – 7, Non notified – 862 ), 920 Revenue Villages and 615 Hamlet Villages.

Mandals

There are 3 revenue divisions and 54 mandalsmarker in Kurnool District. The revenue divisions are Adonimarker, Nandyalmarker and Kurnoolmarker.
  1. Adonimarker
  2. Allagaddamarker
  3. Alur
  4. Asparimarker
  5. Atmakur
  6. Banaganapallemarker
  7. Bandi Atmakurmarker
  8. Bethamcherlamarker
  9. C.Belagl
  10. Chagalamarrimarker
  11. Chippagirimarker
  12. Devanakondamarker
  13. Dhonemarker alias Dronachalammarker
  14. Dornipadu
  15. Gadi Vemula
  16. Gonegandlamarker
  17. Gospadumarker
  18. Gudurmarker
  19. Halaharvi
  20. Holagunda
  21. Jupadu Bungalow
  22. Kallurmarker
  23. Kodumurumarker
  24. Koilkuntlamarker
  25. Kolimigundlamarker
  26. Kosigimarker
  27. Kothapalle
  28. Kowthalam
  29. Krishnagirimarker
  30. Kurnoolmarker
  31. Maddikeramarker (East)
  32. Mahanandi
  33. Mantralayammarker
  34. Miduthurmarker
  35. Nandavarammarker
  36. Nandikotkurmarker
  37. Nandyalmarker
  38. Orvakal
  39. Owkmarker
  40. Pagidyalamarker
  41. Pamulapadu
  42. Panyammarker
  43. Pattikondamarker
  44. Peapally
  45. Pedda Kadubur
  46. Rudravarammarker
  47. Sanjamalamarker
  48. Sirvelmarker
  49. Srisailammarker
  50. Tuggalimarker
  51. Uyyalawada
  52. Veldurthimarker
  53. Velgodu
  54. Yemmiganurmarker.


NGOs, Cultural, Literary Organisations & Pressure Groups

  1. Sneha Samithi
  2. The Kurnool District Chamber Of Commerce and Industries.
  3. The Kurnool Hotels Association.
  4. Sahiti Sadassu.
  5. Rayalaseema Hakkula Vedika.
  6. Gadicharla Foundation.
  7. Telugu Bhasha Vikasa Udhyamam.
  8. Abhaya Hastam.


 Kurnool Brahmana Sangham.
 A.P.N.G.O.s Associatioon.
 Kurnool Zilla Archaka Purohithula Sangham.
Action for Poor Relief Organisation

Professsional Bodies.
  District Bar Associagtion
  Arya Vysya Officials and Professionals Association.
  Brahmina Officials and Professionals Association.


Jana Vikas Soceity,45-24-G13, Ashok nagar,Kurnool -518 005

References

  1. Census GIS India
  2. Sri Raghavendra Swamy Mutt
  3. Ahobila Mutt
  4. Sri Gospadu Peddamma Thalli Temple
  5. [1]
  6. Details of Andhra Pradesh till Intermediate Panchayat Tier


External links




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