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Kurt Daluege (September 15, 1897 – October 24, 1946) was an SS-Oberstgruppenführer and Generaloberst der Polizeimarker, officer of the Reich Main Security Office (RSHAmarker) and ruled the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia as Deputy Protector.

Early life and career

Kurt Daluege, a son of a Prussian state official, was born in small Upper Silesian town Kreuzburgmarker (now Kluczbork) on September 15, 1897. He entered the Imperial German Army in 1916 and served with the 7.Garde Regiment West. During his service on the Western Front Daluege was severely wounded a number of times (declared 25% disabled) and also decorated for bravery.

1920s

After the war Daluege became leader of Selbstschutz Oberschlesien (SSOS) - Upper Silesian Self Defense — an Upper Silesian veterans’ organization, which was engaged in combat with the Poles in that region. In 1921 he became also active in the Freikorps Roßbach while studying engineering at the Technical University in Berlin. Two years later, Daluege joined the National Socialist German Workers Party, NSDAP and in 1926 the Sturmabteilung (SA) eventually becoming the leader of Berlin's SA and Goebbels' deputy gauleiter, a deputy party-leader, in Berlin.

SS and Police Leader

In July 1930, Daluege in accordance with Hitler's wishes resigned from SAmarker and joined the Schutzstaffel SSmarker with the rank of SS-Oberführer. His main responsibility was to spy on the SA and political opponents of NSDAP. In 1932 Daluege became an NSDAP delegate in the Prussian state parliament and in November 1932 was elected to the Reichstag for Electoral District Berlinmarker-Ost, a seat he retained until 1945. At the same time, Hermann Göring moved him to the Prussian Ministry of the Interior, where he took over the police force. In 1936, the entire German police force was reorganized and administrative functions previously exercised by the now largely defunct federal states were reassigned to the Ministry of Interior. The same year, Daluege was appointed, by Wilhelm Frick, the chief of the Ordnungspolizei, Orpomarker, which gave him administrative, though not executive, authority over most of the uniformed police in Nazi Germany. He commanded the Ordnungspolizeimarker for the rest of the war reaching the rank of SS-Oberstgruppenführer und Generaloberst der Polizei. Following the assassinationmarker of Reinhard Heydrich, Daluege also served as the Deputy Protector of Bohemia and Moravia, ordering among other things, the destruction of villages Lidicemarker and Ležákymarker in Bohemia.
Daluege in 1939


Illness, arrest and execution

In May 1943 Daluege suffered a massive heart attack and became seriously ill. In August, he was relieved of all of his daily duties and spent the rest of the war living on a property given to him by Hitler. In May 1945, Daluege was arrested by U.S. troops in Lübeckmarker and interned at Nurembergmarker until September 1946 when he was extradited to Czechoslovakiamarker. Kurt Daluege was hanged at Pankrác prisonmarker in Praguemarker on October 24, 1946 after having been found guilty by a Czech court of war crimes in the Czechoslovakianmarker states. He was buried in an anonymous pit at Prague's Ďáblice cemetery.

Personal life

In 1926, Daluege married Käthe Schwarz (born November 23, 1901) and had four children. Of the four, three were sons (b. 1937, 1938, 1940) and the fourth was a daughter (born. 1942).

Summary of SS career

Dates of rank



Notable decorations



Trivia

When Stalin's son, Lt. Yakov Dzhugashvili, was captured by the Wehrmacht, Daluege is credited with the idea of offering POW Dzhugashvili back to the Red Army in exchange for the release of Field Marshall Paulus. Joseph Stalin turned down the offer, allegedly stating that "a Lieutenant was not worth a General." Daluege then arranged for Dzhugashvili to be interned at Sachsenhausen concentration campmarker where he died at the age of 36. The Germans stated officially that Yakov died by running into an electric fence. Some have contended that he committed suicide at the camp while others have suggested that he was murdered.

References

  • Michael D. Miller - Leaders of the SS & German Police, Volume I: Ahrens to Gutenberg (Bender Publishing, (2007), ISBN 9329700373).


  • Gordon Williamson - The SS: Hitler's Instrument of Terror: The Full Story From Street Fighters to the Waffen-SS (Motorbooks International, (March 1994), ISBN 0879389052, ISBN 978-0879389055).



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