or Kyushu is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands. Its alternate ancient names include Kyūkoku (九国 Nine States), Chinzei (鎮西 West of the Pacified Area), and Tsukushi-no-shima (筑紫島 Island of Tsukushi). The historical regional name Saikaidō (西海道 West Sea Circuit) referred to Kyūshū and its surrounding islands.
Kyūshū has a population of 13,231,995 (2006) and covers .
is mountainous, and Japan's most active volcano, Mt Aso at , is on
There are many other signs of tectonic activity,
including numerous areas of hot springs. The most famous of these
are in Beppu
, on the east shore, and around
Mt. Aso, in central Kyūshū.
The name Kyūshū
comes from the nine ancient provinces of
Saikaidō situated on the island: Chikuzen
, and Satsuma
Kyūshū Region (九州地方 kyūshū-chihō) is a politically defined
region that consists of the seven prefecture on the island of Kyūshū and
Prefecture to the south:
world’s 37th largest island by
area, Kyūshū is smaller than Spitsbergen but larger than New Britain and Taiwan.
By population, it ranks 13th,
having fewer inhabitants than Borneo or Sulawesi, but more than Salsette or Cuba.
Economy and climate
Map of Kyūshū region with
Parts of Kyūshū have a subtropical
, particularly Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures. Major
agricultural products are rice
, sweet potatoes
, and soy
is also widely produced. The island is
noted for various types of porcelain
including Arita, Imari, Satsuma, and Karatsu. Heavy industry is
concentrated in the north around Fukuoka, Kitakyushu, Nagasaki, and
Oita and includes chemicals, automobiles, semiconductors, and metal
Major universities and colleges in Kyūshū:
- National universities
- Universities run by local governments
- Major private universities
Notes and references
Provinces" may also refer to Jiuzhou, a historical division of China