L'Enfant Plaza is a Washington
Metro station in Washington,
D.C. served by the Blue, Green, Orange, and Yellow Lines.
It is a
, with the Blue
and Orange lines on the lower level crossed by the Yellow and Green
lines on the upper level. It is also where the Yellow and Green
lines converge going north. It is the only station in the system to
be served by four lines; when the Silver Line
begins service in
2013, it will be the only station in the system to be served by
five lines. Only the Red
does not serve the station.
station is located in Southwest Washington, with entrances at the L'Enfant Plaza shopping mall
concourse at 9th and D Streets, on D Street between 6th and 7th
Streets, at Maryland Avenue and 7th Street, and in the
courtyard of the former United States
Department of Transportation building.
It is in the
center of an area crowded with federal buildings, and is a transfer
point allowing passengers to easily cross the Potomac between
Virginia and central Washington, making it a very busy station.
Service began on the Blue and Orange level on July 1, 1977, and on
the Green and Yellow level on April 30, 1983.
L'Enfant Plaza is named for the French-American planner of
Washington, D.C., Pierre Charles
The Virginia Railway
L'Enfant station is adjacent, located between 6th and
7th Streets. In October 2009, Amtrak will begin providing passenger
train service at the station.
Notable nearby locations
Notes and references
- L'Enfant identified himself as "Peter Charles L'Enfant" during
most of his life, while residing in the United States. He wrote
this name on his "Plan
of the city intended for the permanent seat of the government of
t(he) United States ...." (Washington, D.C.) and on other legal
documents. However, during the early 1900's, a French ambassador to
the U.S., Jean Jules Jusserand, popularized the
use of L'Enfant's birth name, "Pierre Charles L'Enfant".
(Reference: Bowling, Kenneth R (2002). Peter Charles L'Enfant:
vision, honor, and male friendship in the early American
Republic. George Washington University, Washington, D.C. ISBN
978-0-9727611-0-9). The United States Code states in 40 U.S.C. 3309:
"(a) In General.—The purposes of this chapter shall be carried out
in the District of Columbia as nearly as may be practicable in
harmony with the plan of Peter Charles L'Enfant." The
National Park Service identifies
L'Enfant as Major Peter Charles L'Enfant and as
Major Pierre (Peter) Charles L'Enfant on
- Weir, Kytja. "Amtrak to run daily service from Va. to D.C.",
Examiner, 2009-06-03. Retrieved on 2009-06-16.