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LMS Patriot Class: Map


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Unrebuilt Patriot number 45551 in 1961.
Unrebuilt Patriot number 45510 at Bletchley 1954 with an up semi-fast for Euston.
One of the first two engines rebuilt from LNWR Claughtons, 45501 St. Dunstans at Stafford, 1954.
The Patriot Class was a class of 52 express passenger steam locomotives built for the London Midland and Scottish Railway. The first locomotive of the class was built in 1930 and the last in 1934. All of the Patriot class locomotives were withdrawn from service by 1965. The class was based on the chassis of the Royal Scot combined with the boiler from Large Claughtons earning them the nickname Baby Scots.


The first two were rebuilt in 1930 from the 1912-built LNWR Large Claughton Class, retaining the large bossed driving wheels,"double radial" bogie truck and some other parts. The next 40, however, were "paper rebuilds", i.e. replacement new builds officially classified as rebuilds in order to be charged to revenue accounts, rather than capital; the last 10 were officially new builds. None of the first 12 was rebuilt due to their non-standard parts.

The first two originally carried their Claughton numbers but were renumbered into a new series in 1934, becoming 5500–1. BR added 40000 to their numbers to make them 45500–51. The numbering of the similar LMS Jubilee Class continued on from where the Patriots left off. This was because 5552–5556 were ordered as Patriots but built with taper boilers as Jubilees on the orders of Sir William Stanier.

Naming of the class was somewhat erratic. Some retained old Claughton names; others continued the military association from “Patriot” and “St Dunstan’s” and 13 carried names of holiday resorts served by the LMS. In 1943 it was proposed to name the then 7 un-named locomotives; names were allocated but never carried.

Between 1946 and 1948 18 were rebuilt with Stanier 2A boiler, cab and tender; though again these were paper rebuilds. The rebuilt engines were (4)5512/14/21–3/25–32/4–6/45. These were originally built without smoke deflectors but starting in 1948 were fitted with LMS Royal Scot Class pattern deflectors.

All were withdrawn between 1960 and 1965. None have survived to preservation.

In July 2007 the LMS-Patriot Project was announced in Steam Railway magazine (published on 13 July 2007) to raise interest in a project to build a new LMS Patriot, using the surviving drawings. This led to the formation of a Limited Company which also gained Charitable status. See below for LMS-Patriot New Build project.






(BR +

Name (date if not from new) Built Works Withdrawn Notes
5971 5500 Patriot (Feb. 1937) Derby Original name -Croxtethmarker.
5902 5501 St. Dunstans (1937) Derby Original name -Sir Frank Ree.
5959 5502 Royal Naval Division (1937) Crewe
5985 5503 The Leicestershire Regiment (1938) Crewe The Royal Leicestershire Regiment from Nov. 1948.
5987 5504 Royal Signals (1937) Crewe
5949 5505 The Royal Army Ordnance Corps (1947) Crewe
5974 5506 The Royal Pioneer Corps (Sep. 1948) Crewe
5936 5507 Royal Tank Corps (1937) Crewe
6010 5508 Crewe Fitted with stovepipe chimney in 1956.
6005 5509 The Derbyshire Yeomanry (1951) Crewe
6012 5510 Crewe
5942 5511 Isle of Manmarker (1938) Crewe
5966 5512 Bunsen Crewe Rebuilt Jul. 1948.
5958 5513 Crewe 1943 name allocated: Sir W.A. Stanier.
5983 5514 Holyheadmarker (1938) Crewe Rebuilt Mar. 1947.
5992 5515 Caernarvonmarker (1939) Crewe
5982 5516 The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment. (1938) Crewe
5952 5517 Crewe
6006 5518 Bradshaw (1939) Crewe
6008 5519 Lady Godiva Crewe
5954 5520 Llandudnomarker (1937) Derby
5933 5521 Rhylmarker (1937) Derby Rebuilt Nov. 1946.
5973 5522 Prestatynmarker (1939) Derby Rebuilt Jan. 1949.
6026 5523 Bangormarker (1938) Crewe Rebuilt Oct. 1948
5907 5524 Blackpoolmarker (1937) Crewe Original name Sir Frederick Harrison.
5916 5525 Colwyn Baymarker (1937) Derby Original name E. Tootal Broadhurst.

Rebuilt Aug. 1948.
5963 5526 Morecambemarker and Heyshammarker (1937) Derby Rebuilt Feb. 1947
5944 5527 Southportmarker (1937) Derby Rebuilt Sep. 1948
5996 5528 R.E.M.E. (Sep. 1959) Derby Rebuilt Sep. 1948.

Only rebuilt engine to run without name.
5926 5529 Stephenson(1948) Crewe Original name Sir Herbert Walker K.C.B. until 1937.

Rebuilt Jul. 1947.
6022 5530 Sir Frank Ree (1937) Crewe Name transferred from 5501.

Rebuilt Oct. 1946.
6027 5531 Sir Frederick Harrison (1937) Crewe Name transferred from 5524.

Rebuilt Dec. 1947.

Painted experimental Apple Green livery 1948.
6011 5532 Illustrious Crewe Rebuilt Jun.1948.
5905 5533 Lord Rathmore Derby
5935 5534 E. Tootal Broadhurst (1937) Crewe Name transferred from 5525.

Rebuilt Dec. 1948.
5997 5535 Sir Herbert Walker K.C.B. (1937) Derby Name transferred from 5529.

Rebuilt Sep. 1948.
6018 5536 Private W. Wood V.C. (1936) Crewe Rebuilt Nov. 1948.
6015 5537 Private E. Sykes V.C. Crewe
6000 5538 Giggleswickmarker (1938) Crewe
5925 5539 E. C. Trench Crewe
5901 5540 Sir Robert Turnbull Crewe Rebuilt Oct. 1947.

Painted experimental Apple Green livery 1948.
5903 5541 Duke of Sutherland Crewe
5542 Crewe
5543 Home Guard (1940) Crewe
5544 Crewe
5545 Planet (1948) Crewe Rebuilt Nov. 1948.
5546 Fleetwoodmarker (1938) Crewe
5547 Crewe
5548 Lytham St. Annesmarker (1937) Crewe
5549 Crewe 1943 name allocated: R.A.M.C.
5550 Crewe 1943 name allocated: Sir Henry Fowler
5551 Crewe

New Build Patriot Locomotive

Although no Patriot in either rebuilt or unrebuilt forms survived into preservation there are plans to build a new Patriot. Based at the Llangollen Railwaymarker, the charitable status LMS-Patriot Project is presently appealing for donations or regular contributions to fund the new build, 3 cylinder, Fowler designed, parallel boiler, 4-6-0 express passenger loco.

The group proposes that parts from an unrestored former Woodham Brothers scrapyard LMS 8F would be used, including the axle boxes and leading wheelset and an unrestored surviving LMS Fowler tender would also be used for the project. The new build Patriot would be assembled at the Llangollen Railway, and carry the number of the last built – LMS number 5551 or British Railways number 45551. After a public poll, it is proposed to name the locomotive The Unknown Warriormarker, whose tomb is located in Westminster Abbeymarker.

The first part of the engine to be built will be the frames, while the Fowler tender will be restored at Barry. It is hoped that the wheel pattern used on LMS Jubilee Class 45699 Galatea, which had a wheel cut at Woodham Brothers after a derailment, can be used as the two classes had the same size 6'9" driving wheels.

The project was formally launched at the Llangollen Patriot Gala in April 2008, by the project's first commercial sponsor, John Buxton, Managing Director of Cambrian Transport Ltd. The Frames Appeal was also announced at the gala with an appeal target of £48,000. In August 2008, at the Barrow Hill Rail Power 2008 gala, the Patriot Project launched a Membership Scheme.

In October 2008, the frame plates were ordered from Corus Steel. Measuring 39ft in length 4ft high and 1 1/8 in thick, the two steel frame plates will give the new Patriot locomotive an official identity for the first time. The frame plates will require plasma cutting to the correct shape before being machined and drilled. Delivery to the Llangollen Railway Works is expected to take place in Spring 2009 for assembly to commence.

In fiction

This class of engine forms the basis of Big City Engine from the Railway Series of children's books by the Rev. W. Awdry.

00 Gauge Models

Bachmann have announced the original Patriots will be a part of their 2008 range.

Hornby introduced an original Patriot in the 1980's that has remained in production up to now, though it is now noticeably dated in detail next to the new generation of models and has an unsatisfactory tender-drive. It is doubtful that production will continue now that Bachmann have announce original Patriots for their 2008 range.

Rebuilt patriots were for a time produced by Bachmann but they have discontinued the old moulding and do not intend to produce a new moulding as Hornby have recently released Rebuilt Patriots in their own range.


  • O. S. Nock Royal Scots and Patriots of the LMS
  • John S. Whiteley, Gavin W Morrison The Power of the Patriots ISBN 0-86093-232-X (photograph book)
  • Hugh Longworth British Railway Steam Locomotives 1948-1968 ISBN 0-86093-593-0

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