Lajos Steiner (14 June 1903, Nagyvárad (Oradea) – 22 April 1975, Sydney) was a
Hungarian–born Australian chess
Steiner was one of four children of Bernat Steiner, a mathematics
teacher, and his wife Cecilia,(née Schwarz), and a younger brother
of Endre Steiner
. He was educated at the
Technical High School, Budapest, and gained
a diploma in mechanical
engineering (1926) from the Technikum Mittweida, Germany.
Both he and brother Endre started playing in master chess events in
Budapest while they were schoolboys. He was granted the title of
master at the age of nineteen. In the late 1920s, Steiner spent two years
working as an engineer in the United States.
On his return to Europe
, he turned professional chess player, but made
a precarious living from tournaments.
In 1923, he tied for 4-5th in Vienna. In 1925 he took 2nd, behind
, in Budapest.
he won in Schandau and tied for
2nd-3rd in Kecskemét.
In 1927/28, he took 2nd. In 1929, he took 2nd
Beach. In 1931, he won in Budapest (HUN-ch), took 5th in Vienna,
and tied for 5-6th inBerlin.
event was won by Herman Steiner
1932/33, he tied for 3rd-4th in Hastings (Salo Flohr won).
he tied for 2nd-3rd in Maehrisch-Ostrau (Ostrava).
event was won by Ernst Grünfeld
In 1933, he took 4th in Budapest.
he tied for 1st-2nd with Vasja Pirc in
In 1935, he tied for 1st-2nd with Erich Eliskases
in Vienna (the 18th Trebitsch Memorial
). In 1935, he tied for
5-6th in Łódź (Lodz) (Savielly
Tartakower won) and took 4th in Tatatovaros (László Szabó
In 1936, he won, with Mieczysław Najdorf
, in Budapest (HUN-ch).
he took 2nd in Brno (Brunn), and
took 3rd in Zoppot
In 1937/38, he won in Vienna (the 20th Trebitsch
Memorial). In 1938, he tied for 3rd-4th in Ljubljana (Laibach).
The event was won by Borislav Kostić
. In 1938, he tied for
8-9th in Lodz where Pirc won.
Lajos Steiner played a few matches. In 1930, he lost (+3 –5 =2) to
. In 1934, he won (+7 –3)
against Pál Réthy
. In 1935, he
won (+3 –1) vs Henri Grob
He played for Hungary in four Chess
He won individual bronze medal in Prague, and team gold medal and
individual silver medal in Munich.
In 1936, Steiner toured Australia. Although he played in the 1936-37
Australian championship in Perth, and won with a clean score, he was ineligible for
the title. He returned to Western Australia in the Charon on 11 March,
1939, en route to settle in Sydney.
His father and brother died in Nazi concentration camps
. On 19 October, 1939,
Steiner married Augusta Edna Kingston, who had won the New South
Wales womens' chess championship six times; they remained
Unable to earn a living from tournament chess, he
found work as a mechanical draughtsman, first with International
Combustion Australasia Pty Ltd., and then with Electricity Meter
and Allied Industries Ltd. He was naturalized as a citizen in 1944.
In 1949, he was appointed a designing draughtsman at the Colonial
Sugar Refining Co. Ltd's chemical factory at Lane Cove.
He won the Australian
four times in 1945, 1946/47, 1952/53, and
1958/59. He took 3rd in Karlovy Vary – Mariánské Lázně in 1948.
The event was won by Jan Foltys
. He took 19th at the 1st Interzonal
Tournament in Saltsjöbaden in 1948.
The event was won by David Bronstein
He was awarded the International
(IM) title in 1950.