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Lakewood Township is a township in Ocean Countymarker, New Jerseymarker, United Statesmarker. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township had a total population of 60,352.

Lakewood was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1892, from portions of Brick Townshipmarker. Portions of Howell Townshipmarker in Monmouth Countymarker were annexed to Lakewood Township in 1929.

Lakewood is one of the hubs of Orthodox Judaism and is home to one of the largest yeshivas in the world. The large Orthodox population, comprising nearly half of the township's population, wields considerable political clout in Lakewood Township, commanding a bloc of about 10,000 votes.

Lakewood CDPmarker (2000 Census population of 36,065), Leisure Villagemarker (1,785) and Leisure Village Eastmarker (1,594) are census-designated places and unincorporated area located within Lakewood Township.

History

Lakewood was known as one of the New York Citymarker region's winter resorts at the turn of the 1900s. This was due to a pocket of climate that was believed to be 3 to 5 degrees warmer than the City. Its Lake Carasaljomarker and surrounding pine trees made for a picturesque holiday. The Rockefeller family had an estate which has been turned into Ocean County Parkmarker. The Jay Gould Estate is now Georgian Court Universitymarker. Parts of The Amityville Horror were filmed there.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 25.1 square miles (65.1 km²), of which, 24.8 square miles (64.3 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²) of it (1.19%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 60,352 people, 19,876 households, and 13,356 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,431.8 people per square mile (938.8/km²). There were 21,214 housing units at an average density of 854.8/sq mi (330.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 78.77% White, 12.05% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.61% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.80% of the population.There were 19,876 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.64.

In the township the population was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.

The median income for a household in the township was $35,634, and the median income for a family was $43,806. Males had a median income of $38,967 versus $26,645 for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,700. About 15.7% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.9% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Local government

Lakewood Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

The township committee exercises all legislative power of the township, except in matters of health, which are done at the Board of Health. In addition, the Committee appoints members to many boards, commissions, and committees. Each member of the township committee serves as a liaison to different divisions, departments, and committees.

The mayor, elected from among the members of the committee, presides at meetings and performs other such duties as the Township Committee may prescribe. The mayor has the power to appoint subcommittees with the consent of the committee. When authorized, he or she executes documents on behalf of the township, makes proclamations concerning holidays and events of interest, and exercises ceremonial power of the Township and other powers conferred upon him by law.

The members of the Lakewood Township Committee are Mayor Robert Singer (R, term ends December 31, 2010), Deputy Mayor Steven Langert (R, 2011), Raymond Coles (D, 2011), Meir Lichtenstein (D, 2009), and Menashe Miller (R, 2009).

Federal, state and county representation

Lakewood Township is in the Fourth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 30th Legislative District.

Education

The Lakewood School District is broken up into three different stages of schooling. Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are four Elementary SchoolsElla G. Clarke School, with 996 students; Clifton Avenue School, with 708 students; Oak Street School, with 945 students; and Spruce Street School, with 638 students - Lakewood Middle School, which has 761 students in grades 7 and 8, and Lakewood High Schoolmarker, with an enrollment of 1,314 students in grades 9-12.

Georgian Court Universitymarker is a private, Roman Catholic university located on the shores of Lake Carasaljomarker. Founded in 1908 by the Sisters of Mercy as a women's college, the school's strong emphasis on education for women continues, with women making up 88% of the student population in Fall 2006.

There are many Yeshivas and Jewish day schools catering to the Orthodox Jewish community, with thousands of children enrolled. Beth Medrash Govohamarker, the largest Yeshiva (Rabbinical Academy) in North America, is also located in Lakewood. In addition, there are at least two Christian schools in Lakewood - the non-denominational Calvary Academy [19008], and the Roman Catholic affiliated Holy Family School. The former serves grades K-12, while the latter serves youth from pre-school through 8th grade.

Commerce

Urban Enterprise Zone

Portions of Lakewood Township are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide).

Transportation

Lakewood Airportmarker is a public-use airport located 3 miles (5 km) southeast of the township's central business district. The airport is publicly owned.

Attractions



Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Lakewood Township include:

References

External links




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