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Lambeth is a place in the London Borough of Lambethmarker, although the area is now more commonly known as Waterloo, after the railway station whose viaduct separates the former centre of the village from the River Thames. Lambeth is the site of St Thomas' Hospitalmarker, the London Eyemarker, the Royal National Theatremarker, the Royal Festival Hallmarker, County Hallmarker as well as Waterloo stationmarker.

History

Lambeth appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Lanchei. It was held partly by Lambeth Church and partly by Count Robert of Mortain. Its domesday assets were: 2½ hide; 1 church, 10 ploughs, of meadow, woodland worth 3 hog, 19 burgesses in London paid £1 16s 0d. It rendered £15.

The ancient settlement of Lambeth Marsh was immediately opposite the Palace of Westminstermarker.The Archbishop of Canterbury has had his official residence at Lambeth Palacemarker since the 12th century. The village was home to boatmen serving the City of Londonmarker and Westminster.

The riverside village had an extensive parish, which stretched for six miles (10 km) south, including the manors of Kenningtonmarker and Vauxhallmarker. It formed part of Surreymarker until the creation of the County of London in 1889. The parish, and the subsequent Metropolitan Borough of Lambethmarker (1900–1965), included the later settlements at Brixtonmarker and Norwood.

The parish church of St Mary Lambeth is next door to Lambeth Palace. It still has a medieval tower, but was mostly rebuilt in the Victorian era (to a design by Philip Charles Hardwick). It narrowly escaped demolition in the 1970s during which time it was used by the charity Crisis at Christmas to house and feed homeless people during Christmas week each year.

The church is now the Museum of Garden Historymarker. The churchyard contains the tomb of the famous plant collector John Tradescant the elder and his son of the same name.

With the rapid growth in population across the parish in the early 19th century, four "daughter" churches were constructed between 1822 and 1825, named after the four evangelists – St Mark's Kenningtonmarker, St Matthew's Brixtonmarker, St Luke's West Norwoodmarker and St John's in Waterloo Roadmarker.

Transport

Nearest places


The nearest London Underground stations are Waterloomarker, Southwarkmarker and Lambeth Northmarker. London Waterloomarker is also a National Rail station.

Notable individuals associated with Lambeth

Rob Lord- composer of music for films, TV and computer games


See also



References

  1. Surrey Domesday Book
  2. Vision of Britain - Lambeth St Mary CP ( historic map)
  3. [1] Crisis website - volunteers. Accessed September 12, 2007
  4. The Professor and the Madman: A Tale of Murder, Insanity, and the Making of the Oxford English Dictionary, Simon Winchester, HarperPerennial, New York, 1998, trade paperback, ISBN. (The original British edition has the title The Surgeon of Crowthorne, ISBN.)


External links




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