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Landes ( ) is a département in southern Francemarker.


Landes is one of the original 83 départements that were created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the provinces of Guyenne and Gasconymarker.

The Nobel Prize winning novelist François Mauriac set his novels in the Landes.


Landes is part of the current région of Aquitainemarker and is surrounded by the départements of Girondemarker, Lot-et-Garonnemarker, Gersmarker, and Pyrénées-Atlantiquesmarker, as well as the Atlantic Oceanmarker on the west. With an area stretching over more than 9000 km², Landes is, after Gironde, the second largest department of the metropolitan French territory.

It is well known for the Côte d'Argentmarker beach which is Europe's longest, and attracts many surfers to Mimizanmarker and Hossegormarker each year.


The President of the General Council is Henri Emmanuelli of the Socialist Partymarker.

Party seats
Socialist Partymarker 24
French Communist Party 2
Union for a Popular Movement 2
New Centre 1
Miscellaneous Right 1


In terms of agriculture, Landes is known for its large pine forests which are the raw material for a timber and resin industries in the region. The forests were planted in the early nineteenth century to prevent erosion of the region's sandy soil by the sea.

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