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Landshut ( ) is a city in Bavariamarker in the south-east of Germany, belonging to both Eastern and Southern Bavaria. Situated on the banks of the River Isarmarker, Landshut acts is the capital of Lower Bavaria, one of the seven administrative regions of the Free State of Bavaria. It is also the seat of the surrounding districtmarker. With a population of over 60,000 inhabitants, Landshut is the largest city in Lower Bavaria, followed by Straubingmarker and Passaumarker, as well as Eastern Bavaria's second biggest city after Regensburgmarker.

Owing to its characteristic coat of arms, the city is also often called "Three Helmets City" ( ).

Due to its proximity and easy access to Munichmarker and the Franz Josef Strauss International Airportmarker, situated halfway between Munich and Landshut on the banks of the Isar, the city has East Bavaria's lowest unemployment rate (ca. 4.2% in October 2006), lower than the Bavarian average of ca. 5.8%.



Landshut lies in the centre of Lower Bavaria, and is part of the Alpine foothills. The River Isarmarker runs through the city centre. Landshut is about northeast of Munich.


The Cathedral of St. Martin with its bell tower
The Church of St. Jodok
The Landshut Wedding and the Church of the Holy Spirit


The Trausnitz castle

The city of Landshut and Trausnitz castle were founded in 1204 by Duke Louis I. Landshut was already a Wittelsbach residence by 1231, and in 1255, when the duchy of Bavaria was split in two, Landshut also became the capital of Lower Bavaria. Duke Henry XVI was the first of the three famous rich dukes who reigned Bayern-Landshutmarker in the 15th century. The wedding of Duke George with the Polish Princess Royal Jadwiga Jagiellon in 1475 was celebrated in Landshut with one of the most splendid festivals of the Middle Ages (called "Landshuter Hochzeit"). After his death and the Landshut War of Succession, Bavaria-Landshut was reunited with Bavaria-Munichmarker.

Louis X, Duke of Bavaria built the Landshut Residence 1537–1543 after his visit in Italy. Louis built the first Renaissance palace constructed north of the Alps after the Palazzo Temarker in Mantuamarker. William V, Duke of Bavaria ordered to upgrade Trausnitz Castlemarker from a gothic fortification into a renaissance complex when he lived in Landshut as crown prince for ten years until 1579. Afterwards Landshut lost most of its importance until the University of Ingolstadt was moved to Landshut in 1800. But already in 1826 the university was transferred to Munich.

During World War II, a subcamp of Dachau concentration campmarker was located in the city to provide slave labour to local industry.

The U.S. Army maintained facilities in Landshut, including Pinder Kaserne and a dependent housing area, until 1965.

Since the opening of Munich airport close to Landshut in 1992 the city has become an attractive business location.

Main sights and culture

The Ländtor

The city is of national importance because of its predominantly Gothic architecture within the historic city center, especially Trausnitz Castle and the Church of Saint Martinmarker featuring the world's tallest brick tower. Among other Gothic architecture are the churches St. Jodok and Holy Spirit, but also the Town Hall and the Ländtor, the only still existing gate of the medieval fortification.

Landshut is also known for a festival celebrated every four years called the Landshuter Hochzeit, commemorating the 1475 marriage of George of Bavaria and Jadwiga Jagiellon.

The renaissance era originated especially the decorated inner courtyard of the Trausnitz Castlemarker and the ducal Landshut Residencemarker in the inner city. Baroque churches are the Jesuit church St. Ignatius, the Dominican church St. Blasius and the church of St. Joseph. Also the medieval churches of the Seligenthal Monastery and of the Cistercians were redesigned in baroque style. Many old middle-class houses of the past in the Old Town still represent the history of the city from the Gothic times to the Neo-Classicism.




  • Skulpturenmuseum im Hofberg (Sculptural Museum in Hofberg)



There are also two nuclear power plants located 14 km away from Landshut, Isar Imarker and Isar IImarker.



Famous citizens

Honorary citizens

See also


External links

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