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Langer Max (literal translation "Long Max"), officially called 38 cm SK L/45 (SK - Schnelladekanone, L - Länge) (quick loading gun, 45 caliber), was a Germanmarker cannon used during World War I. They were originally designed as naval guns for the German Bayern class battleships, but after the suspension of SMS Sachsen and SMS Württemberg they were used as heavy siege guns on the Western Front. Nicknamed Max, the gun's (supporting) barrel and railway-transportable carriage was used in the famed Paris Gun. Some guns were also emplaced in the Pommern and Deutschland coastal defense batteries on the Flanders coast protecting occupied Ostendmarker.

The first salvo from two of these guns commenced the first massive German artillery bombardment during the Battle of Verdunmarker.

See also



References

  • François, Guy. Eisenbahnartillerie: Histoire de l'artillerie lourd sur voie ferrée allemande des origines à 1945. Paris: Editions Histoire et Fortifications, 2006
  • Jäger, Herbert. German Artillery of World War One. Ramsbury, Marlborough, Wiltshire: Crowood Press, 2001 ISBN 1-86126-403-8
  • Kosar, Franz. Eisenbahngeschütz der Welt. Stuttgart: Motorbook, 1999 ISBN 3-613-01976-0
  • Miller, H. W., Lt. Col. Railway Artillery: A Report on the Characteristics, Scope of Utility, Etc., of Railway Artillery, Volume I Washington: Government Print Office, 1921


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