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Larger Urban Zones: Map

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Eurostat, the European Union's statistical agency, has created the concept of Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) in an effort to harmonise definitions of urbanisation in the European Union and in countries outside the European Union. These definitions were agreed between Eurostat and the National Statistics Offices of the different countries of the European Union at the occasion of the European Commissionmarker's Urban Audit of 2004. LUZs have been criticised for their insufficient harmonisation of data, which are still collected by national governments within local administrative units, making it sometimes difficult to compare LUZs from different countries. In 2006, about a third of the LUZ definitions were changed, significantly improving the comparability of LUZ definitions across different countries. The latest round of the Urban Audit also added cities from candidate countries and EFTA countries.

Eurostat's urban definitions

The list below shows the population sizes of cities in the European Union as well as candidate countries and non-EU EFTA countries. The list is limited to those cities whose Larger Urban Zones (LUZ) have populations of at least 1 million. The LUZ represents an attempt at a harmonised definition of the metropolitan area. Eurostat's objective was to have an area from a significant share of the resident commute into the city, a concept known as the "functional urban region." To ensure a good data availability, Eurostat adjusts the LUZ boundaries to administrative boundaries that approximate the functional urban region.

Ranking methodology

The list below contains the cities in the European Union and associated countries that participated in the third round of the Urban Audit programme. The cities are ranked by the size of the population of the Larger Urban Zone. The figures in the Eurostat database are an attempt at a compromise between harmonised data for all of the European Union, and with availability of statistical data, making comparisons more accurate. The data used is from the 2006 Urban Audit III, which uses information collected for 2004.

List of LUZs by population

Although the latest round of the Urban Audit also added cities from EFTA countries (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland) and EU candidate countries, the only candidate country for which there is available data is Turkey. Croatiamarker and Macedoniamarker, which are also current candidate countries, received that status in 2004 and 2005 respectively.
Rank City name Country LUZ population LUZ area (km²) Population Density (Σ/km²)
1 London

11,917,000 8,920 1336
2 Paris

11,089,124 12,079.87 918
3 Istanbulmarker

11,044,642
4 Madridmarker

5,804,829 8,022 724
5 Ruhr Area

5,302,179 4,435 1196
6 Berlinmarker

4,971,331 17,385 286
7 Barcelonamarker

4,233,638 1,796.64 2356
8 Athensmarker

4,013,368 3,806.92 1054
9 Ankaramarker

3,708,047
10 Romemarker

3,457,690 3,666.66 943
11 Hamburgmarker

3,134,620 7,304 429
12 Milanmarker

3,076,643 1,348.32 2282
13 Katowice

2,710,397 2,650.65 1023
14 Stuttgartmarker

2,663,660 3,654 729
15 Warsawmarker

2,660,406 5,198.52 512
16 Manchestermarker

2,539,100 1,280 1984
17 Munichmarker

2,531,706 5,504 460
18 Frankfurt am Mainmarker

2,517,561 4,305 585
19 Izmirmarker

2,440,902
20 Lisbonmarker

2,435,837 1,432.49 1700
21 Budapestmarker

2,393,846 2,538 943
22 Leedsmarker-Bradfordmarker

2,393,300 5,114 468
23 Birminghammarker

2,357,100 1,598 1475
24 Naplesmarker

2,253,964 564.95 3990
25 Viennamarker

2,179,769 4,610.93 473
26 Bucharestmarker

2,140,194 662 3233
27 Praguemarker

1,964,750 6,977 282
28 Cologne

1,873,580 1,626 1152
29 Stockholmmarker

1,860,872 6,519 285
30 Copenhagenmarker

1,806,667 2,759 655
31 Brusselsmarker

1,800,663 1,613.91 1116
32 Glasgowmarker

1,747,100 3,346 522
33 Turinmarker

1,745,221 1,878.97 929
34 Lyonmarker

1,717,300 5,997.68 286
35 Valenciamarker

1,564,145 1,440.58 1086
36 Dublinmarker

1,535,446
37 Düsseldorfmarker

1,525,029 1,201 1270
38 Bursamarker

1,458,067
39 Amsterdammarker

1,443,258 859.28 1680
40 Adanamarker

1,384,680
41 Liverpoolmarker

1,365,900 821 1664
42 Bielefeldmarker

1,297,876 2,921 444
43 Hanovermarker

1,294,447 2,966 436
44 Nurembergmarker

1,288,797 2,934 439
45 Sheffieldmarker

1,277,100 1,846 692
46 Krakówmarker

1,264,322 2,988.65 423
47 Sofiamarker

1,263,807 3,424.2 369
48 Sevillemarker

1,249,346 3,081.9 405
49 Bremenmarker

1,249,291 5,885 213
50 Helsinkimarker

1,224,107 2,969.94 412
51 Rotterdammarker

1,186,818 611.75 1940
52 Łódźmarker

1,163,516 2,857.51 407
53 Ostravamarker

1,153,876 3,896 296
54 Zürichmarker

1,110,478 1,086.14 1022
55 Gdańskmarker

1,105,203 3,457.32 320
56 Porto

1,099,040 562.32 1954
57 Oslomarker

1,090,513 6,920 158
58 Newcastle upon Tynemarker

1,055,600 3,385 312
59 Toulousemarker

1,052,497 4,706.93 224
60 Gaziantepmarker 1,042,732
61 Wrocławmarker 1,031,439 4,582.2 225
62 Poznańmarker 1,018,511 3,719.2 274
63 Bristolmarker 1,006,600 1,635 616
64 Rigamarker 1,003,949 5,382.5 187
65 Thessalonikimarker 995,766
66 Bordeauxmarker 981,370
67 The Haguemarker 978,161
68 Bilbaomarker 939,994
69 Konyamarker 919,433
70 Antwerpenmarker 915,258
71 Bonnmarker 908,503
72 Leipzigmarker 904,401
73 Dresdenmarker 902,067
74 Göteborgmarker 873,335
75 Saarbrückenmarker 855,317
76 Palermomarker 855,285
77 Cardiffmarker 841,600
78 Nottinghammarker 825,600
79 Diyarbakirmarker 814,874
80 Antalyamarker 814,685
81 Edinburghmarker 787,700
82 Córdobamarker 779,870 13,771
83 Szczecinmarker 777,806
84 Leicestermarker 772,400
85 Nantesmarker 751,085
86 Bolognamarker 743,965
87 Brnomarker 728,101
88 Genoamarker 718,896
89 Karlsruhemarker 712,475
90 Vilniusmarker 709,870
91 Málagamarker 699,916
92 Florencemarker 696,767
93 Zaragozamarker 685,873
94 Kayserimarker 675,734
95 Badajozmarker 663,896 21,766
96 Aarhusmarker 653,472
97 Lublinmarker 652,642
98 Coventrymarker 651,000
99 Kielmarker 641,905
100 Belfastmarker 641,638
101 Strasbourgmarker 634,275
102 Augsburgmarker 629,139
103 Liègemarker 626,357
104 Las Palmas de Gran Canariamarker 625,892
105 Barimarker 623,298
106 Freiburg im Breisgaumarker 618,467
107 Venicemarker 612,245
108 Paduamarker 605,709
109 Izmitmarker 601,351
110 Bratislavamarker 601,132
111 Palmamarker 593,386
112 Magdeburgmarker 588,875
113 Bydgoszczmarker 582,927
114 Kingston upon Hullmarker 573,300
115 Cataniamarker 572,302
116 Utrechtmarker 564,485
117 Veronamarker 563,952
118 Rennesmarker 553,579
119 Malmömarker 550,289
120 Vigomarker 548,799
121 Erfurtmarker 543,226
122 Grenoblemarker 541,888
123 Linzmarker 532,995
124 Bialystokmarker 523,958
125 Tallinnmarker 521,410
126 Rouenmarker 519,318
127 Malatyamarker 501,849


Urban Audit

Eurostat's Urban Audit is about much more than demographics. In order for it to be useful as a policy tool to the European Commission and other authorities it contains data for over 250 indicators across the following domains:

  • Demography
  • Social Aspects
  • Economic Aspects
  • Civic Involvement
  • Training and Education
  • Environment
  • Travel and Transport
  • Information Society
  • Culture and Recreation


References

See also




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