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Largest urban areas of the European Union: Map

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This is a list of all the urban areas of the European Union which have more than 750,000 inhabitants in 2005.

This list is an attempt to present a consistent list of population figures for urban areas in the European Union. All the figures here have been compiled by Demographia.

Important notes

  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of metropolitan areas. Urban areas are contiguous built-up areas where houses are typically not more than 200 metres apart (discounting rivers, parks, roads, industrial fields, etc.). A metropolitan area is an urban area plus the satellite cities around the urban area and the agricultural land in between.
  • This is a list of urban areas, not a list of administrative cities. The list below contains for instance the urban area of Lille-Kortrijk. Lille and Kortrijk remain two very distinct cities, each belonging to a different country, culture and language area. For a list of the largest cities of the European Union by population, please see Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits.
  • The study of urban areas is useful to analyse how cities develop, which in turn can be used to define transportation, planning and environmental policies, to adjust administrative boundaries etc. At the same time its limitations have to be acknowledged. It is a purely geographic study and disregards all other factors that contribute to the analysis of the functional city. For instance, several cities in the European Union such as Brussels and London have introduced green belts which impacts the urban area but not the "perceived city" as these green belts have now become integrated in what people consider to be the functional city. Furthermore the list does not make a difference between cities that have multiple satellites and cities that do not. Therefore two cities with the same demographics for their urban area will have an equal ranking on this list, even if one of the two cities may be much larger as it is the core of a number of satellites.
  • Please do not be surprised if you are used to higher figures for the cities listed below. Londonmarker is sometimes listed with 14 million inhabitants, Stuttgartmarker is frequently listed with 2.2 million inhabitants, Munichmarker with 2 million or more, etc. This is because figures here are only for urban areas, which are typically smaller than metropolitan areas. Urban areas can be computed by private people or institutions using maps and looking where the built-up area stops. Metropolitan areas, which imply much more complicated definitions (such as the proportion of people in satellite cities working in the core of the metropolitan area), can be accurately computed only by statistical offices, after they have chosen a definition for metropolitan areas.


Urban areas over 750,000 inhabitants





Non EU urban areas

EFTA countries

Two European Free Trade Associationcountries have urban areas that would be included in the list if they were EU member states.



Non EFTA Countries

These large European urban areas are excluded since they are not part of an EU member state:

See also



References

Figures without citations are from Demographia: World Urban Areas
  1. United Nations: World Urbanization Prospects


External links



Rank
Urban Area
State
Population
(2008 est.)
Density (per km²)
Annual growth rate (%)
1
Parismarker
10,480,000
3,400
0.83
2
Londonmarker
8,580,000
5,100
0.07
3
Ruhr area (Ruhrgebiet)
7,280,000
2,750
0.01
4
Madridmarker
5,370,000
5,200
0.27
5
Milanmarker
4,335,000
1,750
-0.16
6
Barcelonamarker
4,185,000
4,850
0.12
7
Athensmarker
4,013,000
5,400
0.29
8
Berlinmarker
3,700,000
3,750
0.00
9
Naplesmarker
3,020,000
3,850
-0.13
10
Romemarker
2,715,000
3,200
-0.16
11
Katowicemarker
2,500,000
4,400
0.11
12
Lisbonmarker
2,375,000
2,550
0.39
13
Frankfurtmarker
2,295,000
3,350
0.50
14
West Midlandsmarker
2,290,000
3,800
-0.03
15
Greater Manchestermarker
2,240,000
4,000
-0.03
16
Rotterdammarker-The Haguemarker
2,095,000
2,450
0.39
17
Budapestmarker
2,055,000
2,350
-0.19
18
Cologne/Bonnmarker
2,045,000
2,100
0.50
19
Warsawmarker
2,030,000
3,700
0.67
20
Bucharestmarker
2,000,000 (2003)
7,000
0.10
21
Hamburgmarker
1,925,000 (2001)
2,700
0.43
22
Munichmarker
1,675,000 (2001)
3,600
0.72
23
Brusselsmarker
1,625,000 (2005)
2,150
0.02
24
Viennamarker
1,550,000 (2001)
3,400
1.04
25
Copenhagenmarker
1,525,000 (2003)
2,350
0.04
26
Leeds-Bradfordmarker
1,499,000 (2001)
4,050
0.24
27
Stockholmmarker
1,400,000 (2000)
2,700
0.58
28
Marseillemarker--Aix-en-Provencemarker
1,350,000 (1999)
1,100
0.46
29
Turinmarker
1,350,000 (2000)
2,750
-0.16
30
Lyonmarker
1,349,000 (1999)
1,400
0.50
31
Stuttgartmarker
1,250,000 (2001)
3,000
32
Dublinmarker
1,230,000 (2006)
2,800
1.14
33
Praguemarker
1,200,000 (2003)
4,200
-0.07
34
Greater Glasgowmarker
1,200,000 (2001)
3,250
0.07
35
Valenciamarker
1,175,000 (2001)
4,300
0.29
36
Amsterdammarker
1,100,000 (2005)
2,650
0.41
37
Helsinkimarker
1,100,000 (2000)
2,250
0.81
38
Lillemarker--Kortrijkmarker
,
1,050,000 (1999)
2,200
0.50
39
Sofiamarker
1,050,000 (2001)
5,050
0.78
40
Portomarker
1,035,000 (2001)
2,650
1.05
41
Nurembergmarker
1,020,000 (2001)
3,050
42
Łódźmarker
950,000 (2002)
5,250
-0.67
43
Antwerpmarker
915,000 (2003)
1,400
0.05
44
Nicemarker
889,000 (1999)
1,250
0.52
45
Tynesidemarker
880,000 (2001)
4,150
0.16
46
Liverpool Urban Areamarker
816,000 (2001)
4,400
0.11
47
Thessalonikimarker
800,000 (2001)
4,100
0.39
48
Gdańskmarker
775,000 (2002)
5,000
49
Toulousemarker
761,000 (1999)
950
0.72
50
Bordeauxmarker
754,000 (1999)
700
0.60
51
Florencemarker
750,000 (2001)
2,750
52
Palermomarker
750,000 (2001)
5,150
0.12
53
Rigamarker
750,000 (2005)
2,900
54
Bilbaomarker
750,000 (2001)
5,800
55
Sevillemarker
750,000 (2001)
5,550
Urban Area
State
Population
Density (per km²)
Growth rate (%)
Zürichmarker
830,000 (2003)
3,650
0.35
Genevamarker
812,000 (2007)
Oslomarker
800,000 (2004)
2,450
0.99
Urban Area
State
Population
remarks
Moscowmarker
13,670,000
Istanbulmarker
11,330,000
incl. suburbs in Asia
Saint Petersburgmarker
4,530,000

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