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Lars Ernster ( ; 1920 - 1998) was a professor of biochemistry, and a member of the Board of the Nobel Foundation


Lars Ernster was born in Hungarymarker and came to Swedenmarker 1946. He played a prominent role in the scientific community. He took his Ph.D. degree at the Stockholm Universitymarker in 1956. Until 1967 he was the head of the division for Physiological Chemistry at the Wenner-Gren Institute (Axel Wenner-Gren). From 1967 to 1986 he was a professor of biochemistry. He was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences from 1974.

"The burning interest in science, the desire to get to the truth of the matter, theintense but courteous questioning and, above all, his charming and warm smile"as seen by a friend, colleague, fellow-European and competitor E.C. Slater. InMitochondria and Microsomes (C.P. Lee, G. Schatz and G. Dallner, eds.) Addison-WesleyPublishing Co., Reading, MA 1981


  • Chemistry and physiology of mitochondria and microsomes, Olov Lindberg, Lars Ernster - Springer (1954)
  • Protoplasmatologia. Bd. 3. Cytoplasma - Organellen A. Chondriosomen, Mikrosomen, Sphaerosomen.?4. Lindburg, Olov, and Lars Ernster: Chemistry and physiology of mitochondria and microsomes - Springer (1953)

Nobel Foundation

  • 1978 Presentation Speech [423097] by Professor Lars Ernster of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1978

Lars Ernster rescued January 8, 1945

Lars Ernster, Edith Ernster and Jacob Steiner lived during the World War II. in the office of the Swedish Embassy in Budapest Üllöi ut 2-4. In the night of January 8, 1945 all inhabitants were dragged away by a Arrow Cross Party executing brigade of the city commander near to the Danube banks. At midnight, 20 policemen with drawn bayonets broke into the Arrow Cross house and rescued everyone. [423098]

Historic frontpage 1947, Wallenberg in Budapest: [423099]

Edith Ernster remembers

Edith Ernster, who lived through that time, recalls: "It seemed so strange - this country of super-aryans, the Swedes, taking us under their wings. Often, when an Orthodox Jew went by, in his hat, beard and sidelocks, we'd say, 'Look, there goes another Swede.'

A special department was created in the Swedish embassy in Budapestmarker with Raoul Wallenberg as its head. It was staffed primarily with Jewish volunteers. Initially, there were 250 workers; later, he had about 400 people working around the clock. Wallenberg seemed to sleep no more than an hour or two a night, and then it was wherever he happened to be working. He was everywhere.

See also


  • József Szekeres: Saving the Ghettos of Budapest in January 1945, ISBN 9637323147, Budapest 1997, Publisher: Budapest Archives

  • Gábor Forgács: Recollections and Facts; My Days with Raoul Wallenberg (Emlék és Valóság), ISBN 96306003X, Budapest 2006, in the list of saved persons January 8. 1945. Lars Ernster rescued to Sweden, around 1970 member of the Board of Nobel Foundation

  • The Road to Stockholm. Nobel Prizes, Science and Scientists (Oxford Paperbacks) Istvan Hargittai, Oxford University Press (12. Juli 2005) ISBN 13:
  • Our Lives: Encounters Of A Scientist, Istvan Hargittai, Akademiai Kiado, 30 Januar 2005, ISBN 13:

Internet References

  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1978, Presentation Speech, Lars Ernster [423100]

  • The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [423101]
  • Edith Ernster remembers [423102]
  • Document about January 8. 1945. in Budapest Archives (Hungarian) [423103]
  • The history of Wallenberg office / Swedish Embassy [423104]
  • Lars Ernster, Istvan Hargittai [423105]
  • Google search "Ernster László" [423106]

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