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The Late Period of Egyptmarker refers to the last flowering of native Egyptian rulers after the Third Intermediate Period from the 26th Saite Dynasty into Persian conquests and ended with the death of Alexander the Great. It ran from 664 BC until 323 BC.

It is often regarded as the last gasp of a once great culture, where the power of Egypt had diminished.

26th Dynasty

The Twenty-Sixth Dynasty, also known as the Saite Period, lasted from 672 BC to 525 BC.

27th Dynasty

The First Persian Period (525 BC - 404 BC), this period saw Egypt conquered by an expansive Persian Empire under Cambyses.

28th-30th Dynasties

The Twenty-Eighth Dynasty consisted of a single king, Amyrtaeus, prince of Saismarker, who rebelled against the Persians. He left no monuments with his name. This dynasty lasted 6 years, from 404 BC to 398 BC.

The Twenty-Ninth Dynasty ruled from Mendesmarker, for the period from 398 BC to 380 BC.

The Thirtieth Dynasty took their art style from the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty. A series of three pharaohs ruled from 380 BC until their final defeat in 343 BC lead to the re-occupation by the Persians.

31st Dynasty

There was a Second Persian Period of the Thirty-First Dynasty (343 BC- 332 BC), Also known as the Achaemenid Dynasty.


  • Roberto B. Gozzoli: The Writing of History in Ancient Egypt During the First Millennium BC (ca. 1070-180 BC). Trend and Perspectives, London 2006, ISBN 0-9550256-3-X
  • Lloyd, Alan B. 2000. "The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, edited by Ian Shaw". Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. 369-394
  • Quirke, Stephen. 1996 "Who were the Pharaohs?", New York: Dover Publications. 71-74

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