The Full Wiki

More info on Leader of the House of Lords

Leader of the House of Lords: Map

Advertisements
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Leader of the House of Lords is a function in the British government that is always held in combination with a formal Cabinet position, most often Lord President of the Council, Lord Privy Seal or Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. The Leader of the House takes charge of the government's business in the House of Lordsmarker. Unless the Leader is also a departmental minister, being Leader constitutes the bulk of his government responsibilities, but it has never been an independent salaried office. The Office of the Leader of the House of Lords is a ministerial department.

Though the Leader of the House is a member of the cabinet and remains a partisan figure, he also has responsibilities to the House as a whole. In contrast to the House of Commonsmarker, where proceedings are controlled by the Speaker, proceedings in the Lords are controlled by peers themselves, under the rules set out in the Standing Orders. The Leader of the House has the responsibility of reminding the House of these rules and facilitating the Lords' self-regulation, though any member may draw attention to breaches of order or failure to observe customs. The Leader is often called upon to advise on procedures and points of order, and is required to determine the order of speakers on Supplementary Questions, subject to the wishes of the House. However, like the Lord Speaker, he has no power to rule on points of order or to intervene during an inappropriate speech.

Until the election of the first Lord Speaker on 4 July 2006, the Leader of the House had responsibility for making preliminary decisions on requests for Private Notice Questions, and for waiving the sub judice rule in certain cases. Those functions were transferred to the Lord Speaker.

History

The title seems to have come into use some time after 1800, as a formal way of referring to the peer who managed government business in the upper House, irrespective of which salaried position they held in the cabinet. However, it may have been used as early as 1689, applied to George Savile, 1st Marquess of Halifax, when he was Speaker of the House of Lords during the Convention Parliament of that year.

The role developed during the first quarter of the eighteenth century, at the same time as the role of Prime Minister and the system of Cabinet government. In the wake of the English Civil War, the Glorious Revolution and the succession of the Hanoverians to the throne, Britain evolved a system of government where ministers were sustained in office by their ability to carry legislation through Parliament. It was therefore necessary for a member of the government to take responsibility for steering government legislation through each House.

Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland, initiated aspects of the role during the Whig Junta under Queen Anne. Sunderland and the other Whigs were dismissed from office in reaction to their co-ordination of government matters, which was taken as a threat to the power of the monarch. Sunderland returned to power under George I, as Lord Privy Seal. The first documentary evidence of the existence of the role comes from 1717, when Sunderland became Secretary of State for the Northern Department: in the form of lists of peers invited to the office of the Northern Secretary immediately before sessions of Parliament.

In the nineteenth and early twentieth century, the Prime Minister himself usually took responsibility for steering business through the House in which he sat. When the Prime Minister sat in the Commons, the position of Leader of the Lords was often held by the Foreign Secretary or Colonial Secretary. In some coalition governments, it was held by the party leader who was not Prime Minister (under Lord Aberdeen, for instance, it was Lord John Russell, leader of the Whigs, who led business in the Commons).

After the end of Salisbury's last government, in 1902, the position clearly exists in its own right as a member of the cabinet. Since 1966 it has only been combined with sinecure positions and the holder has not been a departmental minister though some have held additional responsibilities such as Lord Hailsham also being designated "Minister of Science" or Lady Jay of Paddington also being "Minister for Women".

The first female Leader of the Lords was Lady Young in 1981-1983.

Leaders of the House of Lords

Because the post is a parliamentary one and not a ministerial office in its own right, it is not always included in official lists of government offices, especially for earlier periods. This can make it difficult to determine who the Leader of the House of Lords was in a particular ministry.

18th century

Name Portrait Name and Party of Prime Minister Offices held in conjunction Entered office Left office Political party
The Viscount Townshend Robert Walpole 1721 1730
? Robert Walpole 1730 1742
The Lord Carteret The Earl of Wilmington 1742-1743
Henry Pelham 1743-1744
1742 1744
The Duke of Newcastle Henry Pelham 1744-1754
Himself 1754-1756
1744 1756
The Duke of Devonshire Himself 1756 1757
The Duke of Newcastle Himself 1757 1762
The Earl of Bute Himself 1762 1763
? 1763 1765
The Marquess of Rockingham Himself 1765 1766
The Duke of Grafton The Earl of Chatham 1766-1768
Himself 1768-1770
1766 1770
? Lord North 1770 1782
The Marquess of Rockingham Himself 1782 1782
The Earl of Shelburne Himself 1782 1783
The Duke of Portland Himself 1783 1783
The Viscount Sydney William Pitt the Younger 1783 1789
The Duke of Leeds William Pitt the Younger 1789 1790
The Lord Grenville William Pitt the Younger 1790 1801


19th century

Name Portrait Name and Party of Prime Minister Offices held in conjunction Entered office Left office Political party
The Lord Pelham Henry Addington 1801 1803
The Lord Hawkesbury Henry Addington 1803-1804
William Pitt the Younger 1804-1806
1803 1806
The Lord Grenville Himself 1806 1807
The Lord Hawkesbury
(Earl of Liverpool from 1808)
The Duke of Portland 1807-1809
Spencer Perceval 1809-1812
Himself 1812-1827

1807 1827
The Viscount Goderich Himself 1827 1828
The Duke of Wellington Himself 1828 1830
The Earl Grey Himself 22 November 1830 9 July 1834
The Viscount Melbourne Himself 16 July 1834 14 November 1834
The Duke of Wellington Sir Robert Peel, Bt 17 November 1834 8 April 1835
The Viscount Melbourne Himself 18 April 1835 30 August 1841
The Duke of Wellington Sir Robert Peel, Bt 3 September 1841 27 June 1846
The Marquess of Lansdowne Lord John Russell 6 July 1846 21 February 1852
The Earl of Derby Himself 23 February 1852 17 December 1852 Conservative
The Earl of Aberdeen Himself 19 December 1852 30 January 1855
The Earl Granville The Viscount Palmerston Lord President of the Council 8 February 1855 21 February 1858
The Earl of Derby Himself Prime Minister 21 February 1858 11 June 1859 Conservative
The Earl Granville The Viscount Palmerston Lord President of the Council 18 June 1859 29 October 1865 Liberal
The Earl Russell Himself Prime Minister 29 October 1865 26 June 1866 Liberal
The Earl of Derby Himself Prime Minister 28 June 1866 25 February 1868 Conservative
The Earl of Malmesbury Benjamin Disraeli Lord Privy Seal 27 February 1868 1 December 1868 Conservative
The Earl Granville William Gladstone Colonial Secretary 9 December 1868-6 July 1870
Foreign Secretary 6 July 1870-17 February 1874
9 December 1868 17 February 1874 Liberal
The Duke of Richmond Benjamin Disraeli Lord President of the Council 21 February 1874 21 August 1876 Conservative
The Earl of Beaconsfield Himself Prime Minister 21 August 1876 21 April 1880 Conservative
The Earl Granville William Gladstone Foreign Secretary 28 April 1880 9 June 1885 Liberal
The Marquess of Salisbury Himself Prime Minister
Foreign Secretary
23 June 1885 28 January 1886 Conservative
The Earl Granville William Gladstone Colonial Secretary 6 February 1886 20 July 1886 Liberal
The Marquess of Salisbury Himself Prime Minister 25 July 1886-11 August 1892
and Foreign Secretary 13 August 1887-11 August 1892
25 July 1886 11 August 1892 Conservative
The Earl of Kimberley William Gladstone Lord President of the Council 18 August 1892 5 March 1894 Liberal
The Earl of Rosebery Himself Prime Minister 5 March 1894 21 June 1895 Liberal
The Marquess of Salisbury Himself Prime Minister 25 June 1895-11 July 1902
Foreign Secretary 29 June 1895-12 November 1900
Lord Privy Seal 12 November 1900-11 July 1902

25 June 1895 11 July 1902 Conservative


20th century

Name Portrait Name and Party of Prime Minister Offices held in conjunction Entered office Left office Political party
The Duke of Devonshire Arthur Balfour Lord President of the Council 12 July 1902 13 October 1903 Liberal Unionist
The Marquess of Lansdowne Arthur Balfour Foreign Secretary 13 October 1903 4 December 1905 Liberal Unionist
The Marquess of Ripon Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman Lord Privy Seal 10 December 1905 14 April 1908 Liberal
The Earl of Crewe
(Marquess of Crewe from 1911)
H. H. Asquith Colonial Secretary 1908-1910
Lord Privy Seal 1908-1911, 1912-1915
Secretary of State for India 1910-1915
Lord President of the Council 1915-1916


14 April 1908 10 December 1916 Liberal
The Earl Curzon of Kedleston
(Marquess Curzon of Kedleston from 1921)
David Lloyd George
Andrew Bonar Law
Stanley Baldwin

Lord President of the Council 1916-1919
Foreign Secretary 1919-1924
10 December 1916 22 January 1924 Conservative
The Viscount Haldane Ramsay MacDonald Lord Chancellor 22 January 1924 3 November 1924 Labour
The Marquess Curzon of Kedleston Stanley Baldwin Lord President of the Council 3 November 1924 20 March 1925 Conservative
The Marquess of Salisbury Stanley Baldwin Lord Privy Seal 27 April 1925 4 June 1929 Conservative
The Lord Parmoor Ramsay MacDonald Lord President of the Council 7 June 1929 24 August 1931 Labour
The Marquess of Reading Ramsay MacDonald Foreign Secretary 24 August 1931 5 November 1931 Liberal
The Viscount Hailsham Ramsay MacDonald Secretary of State for War 5 November 1931 7 June 1935 Conservative
The Marquess of Londonderry Stanley Baldwin Lord Privy Seal 7 June 1935 22 November 1935 Conservative
The Viscount Halifax Stanley Baldwin Neville Chamberlain Lord Privy Seal 1935-1937
Lord President of the Council 1937-1938
22 November 1935 21 February 1938 Conservative
The Earl Stanhope Neville Chamberlain President of the Board of Education Since 1937-1938
First Lord of the Admiralty 1938-1939
Lord President of the Council 1939-1940

21 February 1938 14 May 1940 Conservative
The Viscount Caldecote Winston Churchill Dominions Secretary 14 May 1940 3 October 1940 Conservative
The Viscount Halifax Winston Churchill Foreign Secretay 3 October 1940 22 December 1940 Conservative
The Lord Lloyd Winston Churchill Colonial Secretary 22 December 1940 4 February 1941 Conservative
The Lord Moyne Winston Churchill Colonial Secretary 8 February 1941 21 February 1942 Conservative
Viscount Cranborne Winston Churchill Colonial Secretary 1942
Lord Privy Seal 1942-1943
Dominions Secretary 1943-1945

21 February 1942 26 July 1945 Conservative
The Viscount Addison Clement Attlee Dominions Secretary 1945-1947
Lord Privy Seal 1947-1951
3 August 1945 26 October 1951 Labour
The Marquess of Salisbury Winston Churchill Anthony Eden Lord Privy Seal 1951-1952
Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations 1952
Lord President of the Council 1952-1957

28 October 1951 29 March 1957 Conservative
The Earl of Home Harold Macmillan Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations Since 1955-1960
Lord President of the Council 1957, 1959-1960
29 March 1957 27 July 1960 Conservative
The Viscount Hailsham Harold Macmillan Lord President of the Council 1960-1963
Minister for Sport 1962-1963
27 July 1960 20 October 1963 Conservative
The Lord Carrington Alec Douglas-Home Minister without Portfolio 20 October 1963 16 October 1964 Conservative
The Earl of Longford Harold Wilson Lord Privy Seal 1964-1965, 1966-1968
Colonial Secretary 1965-1966
18 October 1964 16 January 1968 Labour
The Lord Shackleton Harold Wilson Lord Privy Seal 1968, 1968-`1970
Paymaster-General 1968
16 January 1968 19 June 1970 Labour
The Earl Jellicoe Edward Heath Lord Privy Seal 20 June 1970 23 May 1973 Conservative
The Lord Windlesham Edward Heath Lord Privy Seal 5 June 1973 4 March 1974 Conservative
The Lord Shepherd Harold Wilson
James Callaghan
Lord Privy Seal 7 March 1974 10 September 1976 Labour
The Lord Peart James Callaghan Lord Privy Seal 10 September 1976 4 May 1979 Labour
The Lord Soames Margaret Thatcher Lord President of the Council 5 May 1979 14 September 1981 Conservative
The Lady Young Margaret Thatcher Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1981-1982
Lord Privy Seal 1982-1983
14 September 1981 11 June 1983 Conservative
The Viscount Whitelaw Margaret Thatcher Deputy Prime Minister
Lord President of the Council
11 June 1983 10 January 1988 Conservative
The Lord Belstead Margaret Thatcher Lord Privy Seal 10 January 1988 28 November 1990 Conservative
The Lord Waddington John Major Lord Privy Seal 28 November 1990 11 April 1992 Conservative
The Lord Wakeham John Major Lord Privy Seal 11 April 1992 20 July 1994 Conservative
Viscount Cranborne John Major Lord Privy Seal 20 July 1994 2 May 1997 Conservative
The Lord Richard Tony Blair Lord Privy Seal 2 May 1997 27 July 1998 Labour
The Lady Jay of Paddington Tony Blair Lord Privy Seal 27 July 1998 8 June 2001 Labour


21st century

Name Portrait Name and Party of Prime Minister Offices held in conjunction Entered office Left office Political party
The Lord Williams of Mostyn Tony Blair Lord President of the Council 8 June 2001 20 September 2003 Labour
The Lady Amos Tony Blair Lord President of the Council 6 October 2003 27 June 2007 Labour
The Lady Ashton of Upholland Gordon Brown Lord President of the Council 27 June 2007 2 October 2008 Labour
The Lady Royall of Blaisdon Gordon Brown Lord President of the Council 2008-2009
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 2009 to Present
2 October 2008 Incumbent Labour


See also



References

  1. http://www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/media/212617/lmr2009.pdf


External links

Leader of the House of Lords Official site [41139]


Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message