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Kingdom of Macedon after Philip's II death.
The Corinthian League is shown in yellow.
The League of Corinth, also sometimes referred to as Hellenic League (original name: Hellenes - 'The Greeks') was a federation of Greek states created by Philip II of Macedon during the winter of 338 BC/337 BC after the Battle of Chaeronea, to facilitate his use of military forces in his war against Persia. The name 'League of Corinth' was coined by modern historians after the first council of the League in Corinth.

Organization

The League was governed by the Hegemon (Strategos Autokrator in military context) , the Synedrion (council) and the Dikastai (judges). Decrees of the league were issued in Corinth,Athens,Delphi,Olympia and Pydnamarker. The League maintained an army levied from member states in approximate proportion to their size, while Philip garrisoned phrourarchs in Corinth, Thebes, and Ambraciamarker.

Treaty of the Common Peace

(A fragmentary inscription found in Athens)

Text

Translation

The League during the Alexandrian campaigns

The decision for the Destruction of Thebes as transgressor of the above oath was taken by the council of the League of Corinth by a large majority. The League is mentioned by Arrian (I, 16, 11), after the battle of Granicus (334 BC). Alexander sent 300 panoplies to the temple of Pallas Athena in Athens, with the follow inscription. In 331 BC after the battle of Megalopolis , Sparta was forced to join the League of Corinth. During the Asiatic campaign, Antipater was appointed deputy hegemon of the League.

Aftermath

The League was dissolved after the Lamian War (322 BC). In 302 BC Antigonus and his son Demetrius Poliorcetes tried to revive the federation against Cassander. Antigonus III Doson also revived the League against Spartamarker.

References

  1. Alexander the Great: A New History By Alice Heckel, Waldemar Heckel, Lawrence A. Tritle Page 103 ISBN 1405130822
  2. A History of Macedonia: Volume II: 550-336 B.C. Page 639 ISBN 0198148143
  3. IG IIĀ² 236
  4. Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404-323 BC By P. J. Rhodes, Robin Osborne Page 373 ISBN 0199216495
  5. Arrian 1.9.9-10,Diodorus Siculus 17.14.1,Justin 11.3.6
  6. Alexander the Great and his time By Agnes Savill Page 44 ISBN 0880295910
  7. Alexander the Great: a reader By Ian Worthington Page 305 ISBN 0-415-29187-9
  8. Ancient Greece: a political, social, and cultural history By Sarah B. Pomeroy Page 434 ISBN 0195097424
  9. History of ancient civilization, Volume 1 By Albert Augustus Trever Page 479 ISBN 0773528903


See also




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