years, a series of bombings and assassinations
have struck Lebanon, most of
them occurring in and around the capital, Beirut.
of bombings began with the assassination of Mr. Elie Hobeika
January 24th 2002, then heated up with the assassination of former
Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri on February
14, 2005, which touched off the Cedar
Revolution and the withdrawal of Syrian
After the massive protests following Hariri's
killing, several more bombings hit Lebanon, many of them in
areas of the country and many of
them targeting anti-Syrian figures.
Though the perpetrators behind the bombings are unknown, suspicion
by some within Lebanon and the international community has fallen
on Syria or its supporters.
Elie Hobeika Assassination January 24th 2002
Former Lebanese Forces intelligence officer, Syrian ally, former
Lebanese government minister and member of parliament, and one of
the planners of the Sabra and Shatila massacre, Elie Hobeika
was assassinated on January 24,
2002 car bombing in the Beirut suburb of Hazmieh.
There are no legitimate claims linking this assassination with the
attempted assassination of Lebanese parliamentarian Marwan Hamade,
the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq al Hariri, and the
other politically motivated assassinations in Lebanon after 14
Marwan Hamadeh assassination attempt
On October 1, 2004, a car bomb
next to the motorcade carrying Druze MP Marwan
. Hamadeh was injured, but survived; his driver was
killed. Hamadeh had been a critic of Syria and was a member of the
opposition to President Émile
Rafiq Hariri assassination
explosion on February 14, 2005, killed former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq
Hariri in Beirut, near the
St. George Hotel.
Ministry of the Interior soldier
guarding the site of the attack that killed former Prime Minister
Also killed was the former Minister of the
Economy, Bassel Fleihan
, and 19 other
people. About 220 others were wounded.
A group calling itself "The Nasra & Jihad Group in Greater
Syria" claimed responsibility for the blast. The group had not been
heard from before. A tape aired by Al
showed a bearded man, believed to be a Palestinian
named Ahmad Abu Adas,
claiming the attack. Adas' apartment was raided but he remains
missing; however, it is now thought he was forced to admit to the
plot and was killed by those who planned the assassination.
According to the United Nations
report by Detlev Mehlis
October 20, 2005, the blast was the result of a truck bomb
. A security camera captured a white
truck driving near Hariri's
convoy moments before the blast; investigators determined this
truck carried the explosives, estimated at 1,000 kg. Since Hariri's
convoy had jamming devices meant to block remote control
signals, the attack was
carried out using a suicide bomber
cited a witness who said the bomber was an Iraqi who was led
to believe his target was Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, who had been in Beirut just days
The report concluded that top Syrian and Lebanese officials planned
the assassination beginning in mid-2004.
New Jdeideh bombing
A car bomb exploded in the New Jdeideh
suburb of Beirut on March 19, 2005. The blast happened in a
part-commercial, part-residential area, and wounded eleven people.
Reports said that the driver had tried to park it in front of a
hall, and was turned away, so he
parked it next to an apartment.
On March 23
, a bomb left in a leather bag
exploded at the back entrance of the Kaslik shopping center in
Jounieh. Three janitors, two
Indians and a Pakistani, were killed, and two Sri Lankans and two Lebanese
The roof of the mall collapsed.
Sad el-Bouchrieh bombing
On March 26
, a car bomb parked between two
factories exploded in the Sad el-Bouchrieh area of Beirut, wounding
six people. It caused a blaze which destroyed several
On April 1
, a bomb ripped through the Rizk
plaza in the Broummana resort
village, 20km (13 miles) east of Beirut.
Twelve people were injured.
Jounieh bomb aftermath
May 7, a car bomb exploded between the
Christian Sawt al Mahaba radio station
and the Mar Yuhanna Church in
The radio station was destroyed and the
church suffered major damage. Twenty-two people were wounded.
Samir Kassir assassination
Anti-Syrian journalist Samir Kassir
assassinated on June 2
when a bomb detonated
in his car outside his home in Beirut's Ashrafiyeh district, a
largely Christian residential area. Kassir was a front-page
columnist for the al-Nahar
he wrote columns criticizing the pro-Syrian regime.
George Hawi assassination
, former Lebanese Communist Party
a critic of Syria, died when his car exploded as he was driving
through Beirut's Wata Musaitbi district on June
Elias Murr assassination attempt
A car bomb wounded the outgoing Lebanese defense minister, Elias Murr
, as his motorcade drove through
Beirut's Christian suburb of Antelias on July
. Two people were killed and injuring 12 others. This attack
was unique in the series of bombings in that Murr was considered a
On July 22
, a bomb exploded in a car parked
in front of a restaurant on Monot Street in Beirut, wounding twelve
people. The bomb was estimated to be 50 lb
In the mostly Christian neighborhood of Zalka
on August 22
, a bomb placed between a
shopping center and a hotel damaged shops and windows, wounding
eight people. It consisted of 20 to 30 kg
and was set on a timer
Ali Ramez Tohme attempt
A bomb placed the car of Ali Ramez
, a journalist and president of the Dar al-Haitham for
Journalism, Printing and Press, exploded early on September 15
in the area of Mazboud. Tohme was
not injured. The motive may have been a recent article by Tohme
defending Rafiq Hariri.
An explosion, believed caused by a car bomb, rocked the largely
Christian area of Ashrafieh on September
. One person was killed and 23 injured. Two cars were blown
up and buildings near the blast were severely damaged.
May Chidiac assassination attempt
Christian journalist and critic of Syria May
was seriously injured when a bomb exploded as she got
into her car in Jounieh on September
. She lost her left leg and arm. Chidiac was an anchor
on the Lebanese Broadcasting
Gebran Tueni Assassination
A prominent anti-Syrian journalist and lawmaker, Gebran Tueni
, was killed by a car bomb on
. He had returned from
France only a day earlier, where he had been staying for
fear of assassination.
Two other people were killed—his
driver and a passerby—when a car bomb exploded as his motorcade
drove through Mkalles, an industrial suburb of Beirut. Another 30
people were wounded in the bombing, and at least 10 vehicles were
On December 28, 2005 Lebanese newspaper An-Nahar said it had
received a statement signed by "The Strugglers for the Unity and
Freedom in al-Sham," the group that claimed responsibility for the
death of its former editor Gibran Tueni with a car bomb on December 12
. The statement said outgoing
was lucky to escape death and
threatened any new chairman with assassination if he too implicated
The bombings have continued after 2005, though it is unclear how
many are linked to the 2005 bombings or to the militant group
Pierre Amine Gemayel
Pierre Amine Gemayel
, was shot
dead in Beirut on November 21, 2006.
, another anti-Syrian MP, was
killed by a car bomb on June 13, 2007, along with eight
Antoine Ghanem assassination
Anti-Syrian Lebanese MP Antoine
and four others were killed in a car bomb attack in a
Christian suburb of Beirut on September 19, 2007.
Francois Elias Hajj assassination
Brigadier General François
from the village of Rmaich was killed in a car bomb
attack in Baabda, along with three other people, on December 12,
Wissam Eid assassination
Capt. Wissam Eid, Lebanese Internal Security Forces senior
terrorism investigator was assassinated on January 25, 2008.
On August 13, 2008, sixteen people, including seven Lebanese
soldiers, were killed by a bomb targeting a civilian bus in
Saleh Aridi assassination
A pro-Syrian Druze
politician of the Lebanese Democratic Party
, was killed in a car bomb on
September 10, 2008.
Second Tripoli bombing
On September 29
, 2008, five people,
including five soldiers, were killed, and 35 were injured, by a car
bomb which destroyed a bus in Tripoli.