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Leberkäse


 (sometimes spelled Leberkäs or Leberka(a)s in Austria and the Swabian, Bavarianmarker and Franconian parts of Germany and Fleischkäse in Switzerland) is a specialty food found in the south of Germanymarker, in Austriamarker and parts of Switzerlandmarker, similar to bologna sausage. It consists of corned beef, pork, bacon and onions and is made by grinding the ingredients very fine and then baking it as a loaf in a bread pan until it has a crunchy brown crust.


History

Leberkäse is said to have been invented in 1776 by the cook of Bavarian Duke Karl Theodor, although this story has been heavily contested. The name "Leberkäse" literally translates to "liver-cheese" even though in Bavaria the dish traditionally contains neither liver nor cheese. Linguists believe that the etymology of the word either involves the Middle High German word lab (to clot) or the word laib (loaf), and the Slavic root quas (feast).

According to German food laws, only products called "Bavarian Leberkäse" are allowed not to contain liver; otherwise, there must be a minimum liver content of 4%. Some local variants must contain even more liver; for example, the liver content of "Stuttgartermarker Leberkäse" must be at least 5%.

Methods of eating

Leberkässemmel
Leberkäse is traditionally enjoyed a variety of ways, including:
  • Cut into approximately finger-thick slices, usually served with Süßem Senf (sweet mustard) and soft pretzels or Kartoffelsalat (potato salad).
  • On a semmel while still hot and seasoned with mustard. The result, generally called Leberkässemmel (or Leberkäsweckla in the Franconian parts of Germany), is a staple of Bavarian and Austrian fast food restaurants.
  • Pan-fried ("abgebräunt", browned), in which case it is commonly accompanied by a fried egg and German potato salad. This is a very common Biergarten dish.
  • Cold, cut into very thin slices and used on a variety of sandwiches.


Variants

Known variants include:

  • Käseleberkäse, which adds small pieces of evenly-distributed cheese to the mix
  • Pikanter Leberkäse, which adds small pieces of pickles and paprika pepper bells
  • Pizzaleberkäse, which adds cheese, cut bell peppers, pickles and small cubes of salami, also known as Pizzakäse or for its similarity to Pizza.
  • Pferdeleberkäse, which substitutes horse meat for the corned beef component


External links

Bavarian Leberkäse


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