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Leland Stanford MacPhail, Jr. (born October 25, 1917 in Nashvillemarker, Tennesseemarker) is a former administrator in Major League Baseball. MacPhail was a front office executive for 45 years, serving as the director of player personnel for the New York Yankees, the president and general manager of the Baltimore Orioles, chief aide to Commissioner of Baseball William Eckert, executive vice president and general manager of the Yankees, and president of the American League. His son Andy was general manager of the Minnesota Twins from 1986–1994 and President/CEO of the Chicago Cubs from 1994–2006 and is currently the Director of Baseball Operations for the Baltimore Orioles.

Baseball front office

Lee MacPhail entered baseball in his father's Brooklyn Dodger organization, then joined the Yankees when Larry MacPhail became a co-owner of the Bombers in . The younger MacPhail rose through the Yankees system, eventually becoming farm system director in the late 1940s and contributing to the organization's seven World Series championships from 1949 to 1958. He then moved to the Baltimore Orioles front office as general manager and, later, club president.

After a brief term as top aide to new Commissioner Eckert in 1965-66, MacPhail served as the Yankees' general manager from 1966 to 1973, a rebuilding phase of the Yanks marked by the promotion of Bobby Murcer and Thurman Munson to the club, but no pennants or postseason appearances. MacPhail was elected American League President from 1974 to 1984. During his tenure, he oversaw expansion to the Toronto Blue Jays and the Seattle Mariners and was credited with bringing an end to the 1981 baseball strike when he stepped in for the owners to handle stalled negotiations.

MacPhail also played a major role in the 1983 Pine Tar Game, awarding a controversial home run to Kansas City Royals slugger George Brett.

MacPhail was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Famemarker in 1998.

Later life

MacPhail currently resides in Delray Beach, Floridamarker.

Honors and awards

Baseball Hall of Fame

He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Famemarker in 1998, joining his father Larry MacPhail, who had been elected in 1978, as the only father and son members. With the death of Phil Rizzuto on August 14, 2007, he is now the oldest living Hall of Fame member.

Lee MacPhail MVP Award

The American League Championship Series Most Valuable Player Award is named for MacPhail.

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