Leguan Island is a small
island situated in the delta of the Essequibo River on the coast of Guyana, South America.
The island is shaped
like a gull wing and is nine miles (14 km) long and wide at its
widest making it roughly twelve square miles in area.
Leguan has an estimated population of 4,200 living in 27 demarcated
villages. The population has declined fairly rapidly
during the past decade as residents leave to settle in more urban
parts of Guyana or migrate,
often to the United
States, Canada the United Kingdom or to various Caribbean islands.
primarily a rice farming and cattle rearing community. Other
occupations on the island include government administration,
teaching, health care and policing.
Leguan is of roughly 82% East Indian ancestry and 17% African
ancestry. The remaining approximately 1% of the population are
foreign born Chinese, Canadian, American and English, most of whom
are involved in community development work with religious or state
organizations. A majority of Leguan residents are Hindu. The
minority follow Islam, Christianity and Rastafarianism. Leguan is
situated in the Essequibo River, next to another island named
Wakenaam. There are 5 rice factories located on the island. The
primary mode of transportation on Leguan is bicycle. Many people
also have motorbikes. A small group of people also have cars. In
terms of public transportation, Leguan has a handful of taxis,
buses, and horsecarts.
The island is home to the regional government office for the
Essequibo Islands. The regional office serves the other populated
islands of the Essequibo River delta, Wakenaam Island and Hogg
Island. Leguan has five elementary schools and one secondary
school. The secondary school currently serves about 300 students in
grades seven through eleven or forms one through five. Leguan
students are very intelligent although most of them don't have
access to the internet. The CXC results for 2009 was reasonable.
Christean Peters was the best student. And Satyanand Rampersaud was
the second best student. Indranie Rumpatie got a distinction in
served by the Guyana Department of Transport and Harbours with two
daily round-trips to and from Parika with large
engine vessels. Many Leguan residents travel to shop at the
Thursday and Sunday open-air markets in Parika.
Independent speed boat taxis also service the
island regularly from the Parika stelling.
Leguan only received electricity
services from Guyana Power & Light company in 1997 and
telephone services, both land-line and cellular, from Guyana
Telephone & Telegraph in 1999. The island has three main paved
roads, two running along the north and south coasts and a road that
bisects the island connecting the coastal roads. The government of
Guyana built a new stelling on the island in