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The Libertador Municipality ( ) is the only administrative division of the Venezuelan Capital District and along with the municipalities of Barutamarker, Chacaomarker, El Hatillomarker and Sucre forms the Metropolitan District of Caracasmarker. It is located in the northwestern portion of Caracasmarker. It is landlocked by the Vargas State and also borders with the Baruta Municipalitymarker of the Miranda State on the southeast.

Despite of being one of the smallest municipalities in Venezuela with a total area of 438 km² it is the second largest in terms of population with an approximate 2,097,350 inhabitants.

In this municipality is home to the presidential palace, the federal legislative palace, the national electoral council, the main offices of PDVSA and CANTV, the Central Bank of Venezuela and the public ministry.


It was first established in 1901 under the name of Libertador Department and alongside with the Department of Vargas (now Vargas Municipality Federal District of Venezuela of the Vargas State) formed the now defunct Federal District of Venezuela.

In 1986 it changes its name to Libertador District and following the creation of the Vargas State in 1998 becoming the sole administrative division of the Federal District.

Under the 1999 constitution the Federal District ceases to exist and the Capital District of Venezuela is created and under the new terms of administrative divisions Libertador becomes a Municipality divided by 22 parishes.

In 2000 the Metropolitan District of Caracasmarker is created which is formed by this municipality and four others; Barutamarker, Chacaomarker, El Hatillomarker and Sucremarker of the Miranda State.


The Libertador Municipality is located in the mid-north of the country surrounded by the mountain El Ávilamarker which is part of the Venezuelan central range. It borders by the north with the Vargas State, by the south and east with the Baruta Municipality of the Miranda State and by the west with the Aragua Statemarker.


The climate is characteristically tropical with the temperature varying according to the altitude with an annual temperature of 24°C-28°C being the warmest of the five municipalities that forms Caracas.


The vast majority of the population works for the public sector. It is also the most important commercial centre of the country since the Central Bank of Venezuela and the Caracas Stock Exchange are located there. Tourism is the next largest economic activity in the area as the historical centre of the city is there. Informal commerce is also predominant in the area.


The Libertador Municipality represents only the .22% of the countrywide territory but is home to more than 2 million people and represents half of the total population of Caracas and a density of 4,816.36/km2. On the other hand the entire area is urbanized.

Law and government

The Venezuelan constitution specifies that the municipal governments are divided by executive; governed by the mayor, and legislative branches; governed by the municipal council comprising thirteen members, both offices are elected through universal and secret suffrage.

The Libertador Municipality does not belong to any state therefore it doesn't have a governor but instead a Head of Government of the Capital District which is appointed by the President of the Republic.



The Libertador Municipality comprised 22 parishes out of the 32 that contains Caracas

  • 23 de Enero
  • Altagracia
  • Antímano
  • Candelaria
  • Catedral
  • Caricuao
  • Coche
  • El Junquito
  • El Paraiso
  • El Recreo
  • El Valle
  • La Vega
  • Macarao
  • San Agustin
  • San Bernandino
  • San Jose
  • San Juan
  • San Pedro
  • Santa Rosalia
  • Santa Teresa
  • Sucre

See also

External links

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