is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway, globally known for hosting the 1994 Winter Olympics. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer.
centre is a late 19th century concentration of wooden houses, which
enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake
Mj√łsa and the
river L√•gen, surrounded by mountains.
The municipality is named after the old Hamar
), since the
first church was built there. The word hamar
"steep rock". In order to distinguish it from the nearby
town and the bishopric of Hamar, it was
often called Lil√ĺl√¶ Hamar or Litlihamarr meaning
"the small Hamar".
is also mentioned in the Old Norse sagas
meaning "the small trading place".
was granted in 1898.
The arms show a birkebeiner
, carrying a
spear and a shield, who is skiing down a mountainside. It
symbolizes the historical importance of the Birkebeinerrennet
The area has been settled since the Norwegian Iron Age
. It is also mentioned as a site for
in 1390. It had a lively
market by the 1800s, and obtained rights as a merchant city
on 7 August 1827, at which point
there were 50 registered residents within its boundaries.
The town of Lillehammer was established as a municipality on 1
January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt
). The rural municipality
of F√•berg was merged
into the municipality of Lillehammer on 1 January 1964.
Lillehammer was the site of the Lillehammer affair in 1973 where
operatives of the Israeli Mossad shot and killed a Moroccan waiter they
mistakenly thought was involved in the Munich Massacre.
Olympic ski jump
Lillehammer was host city of the 1994 Winter Olympic Games
. It is
known for being a typical venue for winter sporting events. It bid
for the 2012 Winter Youth
, but was passed over.
In 2005, the popular British automotive show Top Gear
aired its "Winter
Olympics" special, an episode of various Olympic event-themed
challenges involving cars, set in the surrounding area of
A number of schools are located in Lillehammer including the
Lillehammer High School, Mesna High School,
Vargstad High School are the three high schools in
Lillehammer is located to the south of the
municipality of √ėyer, to the
southeast of Gausdal, northeast
Land, and to the north of Gj√łvik, all in
Oppland county. To the southeast, it is bordered by Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark
Vista of Lillehammer from the
Lillehammer has a relatively dry inland climate
. To the northwest is
the mountain Sp√•tind.
for the city's commerce is its position as the northernmost point
of the lake Mj√łsa and as the
gateway for the Gudbrandsdal region, through which the historical
highway to Trondheim passes.
river has provided the basis for several
small industries through the years.
the major Norwegian rail
lines, the Dovrebanen, runs from
Hamar to the north through Lillehammer on its way up the
Gudbrandsdal, to terminate in Trondheim.
European route E6
In addition to the Olympic site, Lillehammer offers a number of
other tourist attractions:
- The art museum, "Flygelet".
- Sjusj√łen is a
skiing destination with forest and mountain terrain only 20 km
away (east) from the centre of Lillehammer in the municipality of
- Nansen Academy - the Norwegian Humanistic Academy - The Nansen
Academy is an educational institution for adult students with
different political, religious and cultural backgrounds. The
Academy is founded on the inheritance of humanism and aims at
strengthening the knowledge about this inheritance.
Sportclubs in Lillehammer
- Sigrid Undset lived in Lillehammer
at her home "Bjerkeb√¶k" from 1919 through 1940.
brought her children with her for a short rest, planning on
returning to Oslo.
However, she chose to remain in Lillehammer. She wrote her most
famous works there: the three-volume "Kristin Lavransdatter", the six-volume
"Sverkholt tales", and the four-volume "Olav Audunss√łnn". In 1940,
because she had expressed strong anti-Nazi sentiments since the
early 1930s, she fled Lillehammer before the invading German army reached the town.
She returned to Lillehammer after the war and died there in 1949.
She is buried at the cemetery in Mesnali a nearby village.
- Toki Wartooth (fictional), the
rhythm guitarist of Dethklok from the Adult
Swim show Metalocalypse
fictionally hails from "an abandoned village north of
Twin towns ‚ÄĒ Sister cities
The following cities are twinned
Song Contest 2004