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The City of Lincoln is the capital and the second most populous city of the U.S.marker state of Nebraskamarker. Lincoln is also the county seat of Lancaster Countymarker and the home of the University of Nebraskamarker. The population was 225,581 at the 2000 census, however the 2008 estimate puts it at 251,624.

Lincoln started out as the village of Lancaster, which was founded in 1856, and became the county seat of the newly created Lancaster Countymarker in 1859. The capital of Nebraska Territorymarker had been Omahamarker since the creation of the territory in 1854; however, most of the territory's population lived south of the Platte River. After much of the territory south of the Platte considered annexation to Kansasmarker, the legislature voted to move the capital south of the river and as far west as possible. The village of Lancaster was chosen, in part due to the salt flats and marshes.

However, Omaha interests attempted to derail the move by having Lancaster renamed after the recently assassinated President Abraham Lincoln. At the time, many of the people south of the river had been sympathetic towards the Confederate cause and it was assumed that the legislature would not pass the measure if the future capital was named after Lincoln. The ploy did not work, as Lancaster was renamed Lincoln and became the state capital upon Nebraska's admission to the Union on March 1, 1867.

The city was recently named one of the healthiest cities in the United States as of 2008.

Law and government

Lincoln has a mayor-council government. The mayor and a seven-member city council are selected in nonpartisan elections. Four members are elected from city council districts; the remaining three members are elected at-large. Lincoln's health, personnel, and planning departments are joint city/county agencies; most city and Lancaster County offices are located in the County/City Building.

Since Lincoln is the state capital, many Nebraska state agencies and offices are located in Lincoln, as are several United States Government agencies and offices. The city lies within the Lincoln Public Schools school district; the primary law enforcement agency for the city is the Lincoln Police Department. The Lincoln Fire and Rescue Department shoulders the cities fire fighting and ambulatory services while outlying areas of the city are supported by volunteer fire fighting units.

The city's public library system is Lincoln City Libraries, which has eight branches. Lincoln City Libraries circulates more than three million items per year to the residents of Lincoln and Lancaster County. Lincoln City Libraries is also home to Polley Music Library and the Jane Pope Geske Heritage Room of Nebraska authors.

Geography

Lincoln is located at (40.809868, -96.675345). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 195.2 km² (75.4 sq mi). 193.3 km² (74.6 sq mi) of it is land and 1.9 km² (0.7 sq mi) of it (0.98%) is water.

Lincoln is one of the few large cities of Nebraska not located along either the Platte River or the Missouri Rivermarker. The city was originally laid out near Salt Creek and among the nearly flat saline wetlands of northern Lancaster County. The city's growth over the years has led to development of the surrounding land, much of which is composed of gently rolling hills. In recent years, Lincoln's northward growth has encroached on the habitat of the endangered Salt Creek tiger beetle.

Metropolitan area

The Lincoln metropolitan area consists of Lancaster County and Seward Countymarker, which was added to the metropolitan area in 2003. Lincoln has very little development outside its city limits and has no contiguous suburbs (the largest town that can be considered a suburb of Lincoln is Waverly, Nebraskamarker.) This is due primarily to the fact that most land that would otherwise be developed as a suburban town has already been annexed by the city of Lincoln itself.

Neighborhoods

  • Arnold Heights: Located in far northwest Lincoln, this neighborhood, also known as Airpark, began as base housing for the adjacent Lincoln Air Force Basemarker during the Cold War. The area originally consisted of 1,000 housing units and was annexed by Lincoln in 1966, after the base closed. All 1,000 units were originally managed by the Lincoln Housing Authority, but about half of the homes in the neighborhood have been sold to private owners. The area was also formerly known as both "Capehart Housing" when completed in 1960 (north housing) and the "Military Construction Area" when built during 1956 (south housing). Additional housing subdivisions were built in the area in the 1980s and 1990s. More recent additions include a mix of duplexes and single family homes of various sizes, an IGA grocery store, and a strip mall. As of May 2009, the area is continually being developed.


  • Belmont: The Belmont neighborhood lies just north of Cornhusker Highway and south of Superior Street between Interstate 180 and 27th Street.


  • Bethanymarker: Bethany is located along Cotner Blvd. and Holdrege St. Originally laid out as a separate village by the Disciples of Christ, it was annexed by Lincoln in the late 1920s.


  • Capitol Beach


  • Clinton: Located north of 27th and O Streets, Clinton is the target of ongoing revitalization efforts by the City.


  • College View: College View is located along 48th St. and near Calvert St., adjacent to and surrounding the Union College campus. Originally College View was a separate village. The area is anchored by Union College but has many buildings resembling those of a small town. This business area serves the college and surrounding neighborhood. It has an eclectic mix of mostly local businesses.


  • Cripple Creek


Downtown Lincoln
  • Downtown: Lincoln's business district has a mix of offices, bars, restaurants and some retail. Events, housing, and other information about Downtown Lincoln can be found on the Downtown Lincoln Association's website at www.downtownlincoln.org.


  • Eastridge


  • Fox Hollow: Located in southeast Lincoln, from 70th to 84th Streets, between Van Dorn and Pioneers. Middle to upper class neighborhoods near Holmes Lake. Fox Hollow is a planned subdivision and was constructed during the 1970s to present.


  • Gaslight Village


  • Havelock: Havelock is located along Havelock Ave. east of 56th St. in northeast Lincoln; originally a separate village.


  • Hartley: One of Lincoln's earliest suburbs, Hartley is located east of the downtown proper, east of 27th St and north of O St. It is a mainly residential neighborhood of houses built 1890-1940.


  • Hawley: Located directly east of UNL's downtown campus, the Hawley Historic District is home to a diverse population living in houses built in the early 20th century.


  • Haymarket: One of Lincoln's oldest neighborhoods, the Haymarket is a historic warehouse and industrial district. In recent decades, it has become a dining, specialty shopping, and urban living district, with a variety of visual and performing arts and nightlife. The Haymarket has a weekly, Saturday morning, farmer's market from May to October. With the growth of both local and national shops increasing, the area has gained importance and seen various recent redevelopments. The area's website can be found at www.historichaymarket.info.


  • Highlands: The Highlands is a newer residential neighborhood in northwest Lincoln, located north of I-80 and near Lincoln Airportmarker.


  • Historic Bungalow District


  • Huskerville: A now non-existent neighborhood built north of Arnold Heights. Constructed during World War II, Huskerville was once the Lincoln Army Air Field hospital area from 1942 until 1945. After the war the area was converted into college housing and was most noted for a polio outbreak in 1952. The area was either removed or demolished in the late 1960s. The chapel, now protected by the National Register of Historic Places, is all that remains of Huskerville. A new development is underway here however including the construction of a new elementary school as of 2009.
  • Indian Village: The Indian Village neighborhood is located from Van Dorn St. on the north to Highway 2 on the south, from 9th St on the west to 20th St on the east. Many of the Streets in the area are named in honor of Native American Tribes. The Indian Village Shopping Center is a centrally located commercial block.


  • Irvingdale: The Irvingdale neighborhood is located from South St. on the North, and Van Dorn on the South, from 9th St from the west to 22nd St on the east. The neighborhood has a mix of homes built in the early 1900s to more modern homes built in the 1950s, and is home to Irving Middle School, and the Stransky Park concert series.


  • Near South The Near South neighborhood is located from G Street on the north to South Street on the south, and from 13th Street from the west to 27th on the east. The neighborhood is home to many of Lincoln's grand historic homes and is currently experiencing a strong revitalization effort by the neighborhood association and city officials. Many home-owners are reconverting properties that were once divided into apartments back into single-family homes. The areas is also popular among college students and artists. The area is spotted with various homes of significant historical and architectural value. The area is widespread and architecturally diverse with a variety of sizes and values of homes. The area has many places of worship including historic First Plymouth, whose bell tower can be seen and heard from miles away. The Near South features coffee shops, restaurants, banks, and many other businesses. It is also home to a communal garden called Sunken Gardens.


  • North Bottoms: Directly north of UNL's downtown campus, the North Bottoms is an area in the floodplain of Salt Creek that holds many low income houses now rented by a large number of UNL students.


  • Piedmont


  • The Ridge


  • Salt Valley


  • Seven Oaks


  • Sheridan


  • South Bottoms: South of the Haymarket district, the South Bottoms, like the North Bottoms, was a neighborhood founded by Germans from Russia. Today, the neighborhood is noted for its architecture.


  • University Place: University Place is located along 48th St. between Leighton Ave. and Adams St., near Nebraska Wesleyan Universitymarker and UNL's East Campus. It was an incorporated community before its annexation by Lincoln in 1926.


  • Williamsburg


  • West Lincoln: Located along West Cornhusker Hwy., the area was founded in 1887 and was an incorporated community before its annexation by Lincoln in 1966.


Parks

Lincoln has an extensive park system, with over 100 individual parks. The largest parks in Lincoln's park system are: Antelope Park(which contains the Lincoln Children's Zoo and the Sunken Gardens), Woods Park, Holmes Park, Oak Lake Park, Pioneers Park, Tierra Park, and Wilderness Park. The parks are connected by a 159 km (99 mi.) system of recreational trails. The MoPac Trail extends through Lincoln.

Climate

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F (°C) 73 (22.7) 84 (28.8) 89 (31.6) 97 (36.1) 99 (37.2) 107 (41.6) 108 (42.2) 107 (41.6) 106 (41.1) 94 (34.4) 85 (29.4) 70 (21.1)
Norm High °F (°C) 33.2 (0.6) 39.3 (4.0) 51.2 (10.6) 63.5 (17.5) 73.8 (23.2) 84.9 (29.4) 89.6 (32) 87.1 (30.6) 78.8 (26) 66.5 (19.2) 49.1 (9.5) 36.8 (2.6)
Norm Avg °F (°C) 22.4 (-5.3) 28.3 (-2.0) 39.4 (4.1) 51.2 (10.6) 62.0 (16.6) 72.7 (22.6) 77.8 (25.4) 75.4 (24.1) 66.0 (18.8) 53.5 (11.9) 38.1 (3.4) 26.5 (-3.0)
Norm Low °F (°C) 11.5 (-11.4) 17.2 (-8.2) 27.5 (-2.5) 38.8 (3.7) 50.1 (10.0) 60.4 (15.7) 65.9 (18.8) 63.7 (17.6) 53.2 (11.7) 40.4 (4.6) 27 (-2.7) 16.2 (-8.7)
Rec Low °F (°C) -33 (-36.1) -24 (-31.1) -19 (-28.3) 3 (-16.1) 24 (-4.4) 39 (3.8) 42 (5.5) 41 (5) 26 (-3.3) 8 (-13.3) -5 (-20.5) -27 (-32.7)
Precip in. (mm) 0.67 (17.0) 0.66 (16.8) 2.21 (56.1) 2.9 (73.6) 4.23 (107.4) 3.51 (89.1) 3.54 (89.9) 3.35 (85.1) 2.92 (74.2) 1.94 (49.3) 1.58 (40.1) 0.86 (21.8)
Source: USTravelWeather.com [2513]


Economy

Lincoln's economy is fairly typical of a mid-sized American city; most economic activity is derived from service industries. The state government and the University of Nebraska-Lincolnmarker are both large contributors to the local economy. Other prominent industries in Lincoln include medical, banking, information technology, education, call centers, insurance, and rail and truck transport. One of the largest employers is the BryanLGH Medical Center which consists of two major hospitals and several large outpatient facilities located across the city.

Four regional restaurant chains began in Lincoln: Amigos/Kings Classic, Runza Restaurants, DaVinci's and Valentino's.

Transportation

The Eagle Fruit Store and Capitol Hotel in downtown Lincoln during the 1940s.

Rail

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Lincoln, operating its California Zephyr daily in each direction between Chicagomarker and Emeryville, Californiamarker, across the bay from San Franciscomarker. The Lincoln Stationmarker may close due to little service and the plan of tearing down the small train yard by the station.

Bus

A public bus transit system, StarTran, operates in Lincoln. StarTran's fleet consists of 60 full-sized buses and 9 Handi-Vans[2514].

Air

The Lincoln Airportmarker provides passengers with daily non-stop service to United Airlines hubs O'Hare International Airportmarker and Denver International Airportmarker as well as Northwest Airlines hub Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airportmarker and Delta Air Lines service to Salt Lake City and Atlanta (as of June 4), via regional jet aircraft, respectively. In the past Allegiant Air departed Wednesdays and Saturdays to McCarran International Airportmarker in Las Vegas aboard their fleet of MD-80s. However, this service has ended in Lincoln and has been transferred to Grand Island Municipal Airport. The Lincoln Airport is also among the emergency landing sites for the NASA Space Shuttle, and the top location located within the non-coastal United States.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 225,581 people, 90,485 households, and 53,567 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,166.9/km² (3,022.2/sq mi). There were 95,199 housing units at an average density of 492.5/km² (1,275.4/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 89.25% White, 3.12% Asian, 3.09% African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 1.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.61% of the population.

There were 90,485 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 16.4% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,605, and the median income for a family was $52,558. Males had a median income of $33,899 versus $25,402 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,984. About 5.8% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest

The Capitol at night




University of Nebraska–Lincoln



Education

Primary and secondary education

Lincoln Public Schools is the sole public school district in the city. There are six traditional high schools in the district: Lincoln High, East, Northeast, North Star, Southeast, and Southwest. Additionally, Lincoln Public Schools is home to special interest high schools including the Arts and Humanities Focus Programmarker, the Zoo School, the Information Technology Focus Program, and the Entrepreneurship Focus Program.

There are several private and parochial elementary and middle schools located throughout the community. These schools like Lincoln Public Schools are broken into districts and most will allow attendance outside of boundary lines if certain criteria are met.

Private high schools located in Lincoln are College View Academy, Lincoln Christian, Lincoln Lutheran, Parkview Christian and Pius X High School.

Colleges and universities

The University of Nebraska–Lincolnmarker, the flagship campus of the University of Nebraska system, is the largest university in Nebraska. Other colleges and universities based in Lincoln are: BryanLGH College of Health Sciences, Nebraska Wesleyan Universitymarker, and Union College.

Colleges and universities with satellite locations in Lincoln are Bellevue University, Doane Collegemarker, Kaplan Universitymarker,and Southeast Community College.

Sports teams

Lincoln is best known for the University's football team, the Nebraska Cornhuskers. In total, the University of Nebraska fields 21 men's and women's teams in 14 NCAA Division I sports. Other sports teams are the Lincoln Saltdogs, an American Association independent minor league baseball team; the Lincoln Stars, a USHL junior ice hockey team. Lincoln is also home to the No Coast Derby Girls, a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association.

Arts, entertainment and culture

Downtown Lincoln at night (14th and O Streets)
Lincoln's primary venues for live music include: Pershing Auditorium (large tours and national acts), Knickerbockers, Bourbon Theatre, Duffy's Tavern, Red9 (opened in 2009), Duggan's Pub (local/regional acts; smaller venues), and the Zoo Bar (blues). The Pla-Mor Ballroom is a staple of Lincoln's music and dance scene, featuring its house band, the award-winning Sandy Creek Band.

The Lied Centermarker is a venue for national tours of Broadwaymarker productions, concert music, and guest lectures. Lincoln has several performing arts venues. Plays are staged by UNL students in the Temple Building; community theater productions are held at the Lincoln Community Playhouse, the Loft at The Mill, and the Haymarket Theater.

For movie viewing, the local Douglas Theatre Company (now owned by Marcus Theatres) owns 32 screens at four locations, and the University of Nebraska's Mary Riepma Ross Media Arts Centermarker shows independent and foreign films. Standalone cinemas in Lincoln include the Joyo Theater and Rococo Theater. The Rococo Theater also also hosts benefits and other engagements.

The downtown section of O Street is Lincoln's primary bar and nightclub district.

Lincoln is the hometown of Zager and Evans, known for their international #1 hit record, "In the Year 2525".

Annual events

  • March: Nebraska high school state boys' and girls' basketball tournaments
  • First Sunday in May: Lincoln Marathon
  • May 14-July 18: Horse races at Lincoln Race Course [2517]
  • Early June: Cornhusker Boys' State and Cornhusker Girls' State
  • Tuesday evenings in June: Jazz in June, an outdoor summer concert series
  • Third Friday in June, July, and August: Dock Stock [2518]
  • Late June: International Thespian Festival at the University of Nebraska
  • Thursday evenings in July: Movies on the Green, movies shown on the green space near Kimball Hall
  • Early August: Lancaster County Fair
  • Second weekend in August: Capitol City Rib Fest
  • Late August/early September: Nebraska State Fairmarker In 2010, the Nebraska State Fair is moving to Grand Island, NE. (about 100 miles west)
  • Late August to late November: Nebraska Cornhuskers football
  • Early November: Nebraska high school state football championships at Memorial Stadium
  • Early to mid-November: Anime NebrasKon
  • First Saturday in December: Star City Parade


Local media

Television

Lincoln has four licensed broadcast television stations: The headquarters of Nebraska Educational Telecommunications (NET), which is affiliated with the Public Broadcasting Service, National Public Radio and Public Radio International, are in Lincoln.

Lincoln is one of the few cities without its own NBC affiliate; Omaha's WOWT-TVmarker serves as the city's default NBC affiliate, while Hastings' KHAS-TVmarker is available in satellite locals packages. Most of Omaha's other television stations can also be picked up in Lincoln with an antenna, and all are available on cable.

Lincoln also has analog TV translators for KTVGmarker on channels 18 and 35, 3ABN on channel 27, and TBN on channel 29.

Radio

There are 22 radio stations in Lincoln.

FM stations include:
  • KLCVmarker (88.5) – Religious talk
  • KNBE (88.9) – Religious talk and gospel
  • KZUMmarker (89.3) – Independent Community Radio
  • KFLV (89.9) – Contemporary Christian
  • KRNUmarker (90.3) – Alternative / College radio UNL
  • KUCV (91.1) – National Public Radio
  • K220GT (91.9) – Contemporary Christian
  • KTGLmarker (92.9) – Classic Rock
  • KJFT-LP (93.7) – Chinese-language Religious
  • K233ANmarker (94.5) – Contemporary Christian
  • KRKRmarker (95.1) – Contemporary Christian
  • KZKXmarker (96.9) – Country
  • KFGEmarker (98.1) – Country
  • KLTQmarker (101.9) – Classic pop
  • KBZRmarker (102.7) – Catholic Radio
  • KIBZ (104.1) – Active Rock
  • KLNCmarker (105.3) – Adult Hits
  • KFRXmarker (106.3) – Top-40
  • KBBKmarker (107.3) – Hot AC


AM stations include:
  • KFORmarker(1240) – News/Talk
  • KLINmarker (1400) – News/Talk
  • KLMSmarker (1480) – Sports


Most areas of Lincoln also receive radio signals from Omahamarker and other surrounding communities.

Print

The Lincoln Journal Star is the city's major daily newspaper. The Daily Nebraskan is the official campus paper of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The Clocktower is the official campus paper of Union College.

Notable people



See also

Gordon Macrae, he settled in Lincoln, NE and died there

References

  1. (nd) Lincoln Children's Museum website. Retrieved 7/6/07.
  2. (nd) Lincoln Children's Zoo website. Retrieved 7/6/07.
  3. (nd) Museum of American Speed website. Retrieved 7/6/07.
  4. (nd) Schleich Red Wing Pottery Museum website. Retrieved 7/6/07.
  5. (nd) Sunken Gardens webpage. City of Lincoln. Retrieved 7/6/07.
  6. (nd) Downtown Lincoln Association webpage. Downtown Lincoln Association. Retrieved 3/6/08.


External links






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