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Lincoln University (LU) is the United States' first degree-granting historically black university. It is located near the town of Oxfordmarker in southern Chester Countymarker, Pennsylvaniamarker. The university also hosts a Center for Graduate Studies in the City of Philadelphiamarker. Lincoln University provides undergraduate and graduate coursework to approximately 2,500 students. As former president Dr. Horace Mann Bond noted in his book Education for Freedom: A History of Lincoln University, Pennsylvania, with the college's founding in 1854, "This was the first institution founded anywhere in the world to provide a higher education in the arts and sciences for youth of African descent."

Today, Lincoln University provides a liberal arts and science-based undergraduate core curriculum and select graduate programs to prepare students of every race and nationality. Lincoln is a "state-related" university, meaning it receives public funds and offers reduced tuition for Pennsylvania residents but is under independent control.

The Lincoln University Urban Center (LUUC) is an extension campus in the University Citymarker section of Philadelphia, where Drexel Universitymarker and University of Pennsylvaniamarker are also located. This campus offers Graduate level programs and continuing education. After the renovation that was started in Fall of 2007 is completed, the Urban Center will be known as Lincoln University Plaza.

History

In 1854 Rev. John Miller Dickey, a Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Sarah Emlen Cresson, a Quaker, founded Ashmun Institute, later named Lincoln University. They named it after Jehudi Ashmun, a religious leader and social reformer. They founded the school for the education of African Americans, who had few opportunities.

John Miller Dickey was the first president of the college. He encouraged some of his first students: James Ralston Amos (1826-1864), his brother Thomas Henry Amos (1825-1869), and Armistead Hutchinson Miller (1829/30-1865), to support the establishment of Liberiamarker as a colony for African Americans. Each of the men became ordained ministers.

In 1866, Ashmun Institute was renamed Lincoln University after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.

The college attracted highly talented students from numerous states, especially during the long decades of legal segregation in the South. As may be seen on the list of notable alumni (link below), many went on to achievements in careers in academia, public service, the arts and many other fields.

In 1945 Dr. Horace Mann Bond, an alumnus of Lincoln, was selected as the first African-American president of the university. During his 12-year tenure, he continued to do social science research, and helped support the important civil rights case of Brown v. Board of Education, decided in 1954 by the US Supreme Courtmarker. He established an important relationship with the collector Albert C. Barnes, who ensured Lincoln University had a role in the management of his art collection, the Barnes Foundationmarker.

In 1972 Lincoln University formally associated with the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as a state-related institution.

Presidents
John Miller Dickey 1854–1856
John Pym Carter 1856-1861
John Wynne Martin 1861-1865
Isaac Norton Rendall 1865-1906
John Ballard Rendall 1906-1924
Walter Livingston Wright* 1924-1926
William Hallock Johnson 1926-1936
Walter Livingston Wright 1936-1945
Horace Mann Bond 1945-1957
Armstead Otey Grubb* 1957-1960
Donald Charles Yelton* 1960-1961
Marvin Wachman 1961-1969
Bernard Warren Harleston* 1970-1970
Herman Russell Branson 1970-1985
Donald Leopold Mullett* 1985-1987
Niara Sudarkasa 1987-1998
James Donaldson* 1998-1999
Ivory V. Nelson 1999-Present
*Acting president


Academics

According to U.S. News & World Report, Lincoln University ranks number 27th out of 81 in the 2009 magazine’s first ranking of undergraduate education at HBCUs. It is ranked as a Tier One school on the list. Lincoln University shares its #27 ranking with Oakwood Universitymarker and the University of Maryland Eastern Shoremarker.

Lincoln University's "International and Study Abroad Program" had student participation in Service Learning Projects in the countries of Ecuador, Argentina, Spain, Ireland, Costa Rica, Japan, France, Cambodia, Zambia, Liberia, Ghana, Kenya, Russia, Australia, Thailand, the Czech Republic, Mexico, and South Africa.

The new Lincoln-Barnes Visual Arts program is a collaboration between Lincoln University and the Barnes Foundation. It established a Visual Arts program that leads to a Bachelor's of Fine Arts.

Lincoln University offers 37 undergraduate majors, 22 undergraduate minors, and 5 Pre-Professional (Dentistry, Engineering, Law, Medicine, and Veterinary Science) programs.

Schools

Student Union at Lincoln University
School of Humanities
  • English and Mass Communications
  • Foreign Languages & Literatures
  • Philosophy and Religion
  • Visual and Performing Arts
  • Horace Mann Bond Honors Program


School of Natural Sciences & Mathematics
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Environmental Science
  • Lincoln's Excellent Academic Program in Science (LEAPS) through the National Science Foundation
  • Mathematics & Computer Science
  • Physics


School of Social Sciences & Behavioral Studies
  • Business & Information Technology
  • Criminal Justice
  • Education
  • HPER (Health, Physical Education, Recreation)
  • History & Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Sociology & Anthropology


School of Graduate Studies
  • Master of Human Services (MHS)
  • Master of Education (M.Ed)
  • Master of Reading (MSR)
  • Master of Science in Administration (MSA)


Campus

Lincoln University main campus is with 56 buildings totaling over one million gross square feet. There are fifteen residence halls that accommodate over 1,600 students. The dormitories range from small dorms such as Alumni Hall, built in 1870; and Amos Hall, built in 1902, to the new coed 400-bed apartment-style living (ASL) suites built in 2005. A $40.5 million, four-story, Science and General Classroom High Technology Building completed in December 2008. A $26.1 million International Cultural Center construction began on April 10, 2008, that is also now completed.

One of the most visible landmarks on campus is the Alumni Memorial Arch, located at the entrance to the university. The arch was dedicated by President Warren G. Harding in 1921 to the Lincoln men who served in World War I. The Mary Dod Brown Memorial Chapel is the center for campus religious activities. This Gothic structure was built in 1890 and contains a 300-seat main auditorium and a 200-seat fellowship hall.

Vail Memorial Hall, built in 1899 and expanded in 1954, served as the library until 1972. The facility houses executive administrative offices including the President, Vice Presidents, and other staff.

The Langston Hughes Memorial Library (LHML), named after the famous alumnus, houses more than 176,000 volumes, and subscribes to more than 600 current periodicals annually. A substantial number of the library’s periodicals are on microfilm and can be accessed electronically through the school’s website. LHML is equipped with the JSTOR database for online academic proprietary research tools. JSTOR includes archives of over one thousand leading academic journals across multiple disciplines, as well as selected mongraphs. A separate section of the library contains special African-American collections. This includes the personal papers and artifacts of renowned poet Langston Hughes (class of 1929).

The completely renovated Student Union Building contains the bookstore, cinema, café, two new television studios and a radio studio, postal services, men's barber shop/women's salon, and multipurpose rooms. The Thurgood Marshall Living Learning Center, along with the Student Union Building, are the centers for campus social and meeting activities. Marshall graduated in the class of 1930, directed the NAACP's Legal Defense Fund in groundbreaking cases, and became the first African American appointed as justice to US Supreme Courtmarker.

Manuel Rivero Hall is the athletic and recreation center at Lincoln University. The main gymnasium seats 2,500 for athletic and convocation activities. A separate full size auxiliary gymnasium, Olympic-size swimming pool, classrooms, dance studio, training room facilities, wrestling room, and eight lane bowling alley are contained in this facility.

Lincoln University Plaza, a six-story building in the University Citymarker section of Philadelphia, houses the Graduate Center.

Student activities

Alma Mater
Dear Lincoln, Dear LincolnTo Thee We'll e're be true!The golden hours we've spent beneathThe dear old Orange and Blue

Will live fore'er in memory,As guiding stars through life;For thee our Alma Mater dear,We'll rise in our might.

For we love every inch of thy sacred soilEvery tree on thy campus green;And for thee with our mightWe will ever toilThat thou mightest be supreme.

We'll raise thy standard to the sky,Midst glory and honor fly;And constant and true,We will live for thee anew,Our Dear Old Orange and BlueHail! Hail! Lincoln!
A. Dennee Bibb, '11


Honor Societies
  • Alpha Chi - National Honor Scholarship Society
  • Alpha Kappa Delta National Sociology Honor Society
  • Alpha Mu Gamma National Foreign Language Honor Society
  • Beta Kappa Chi Honorary Scientific Society
  • Chi Alpha Epsilon National Honor Society (Act/T.I.M.E)
  • Dobro Slovo - The National Slavic Honor Society
  • Iota Eta Tau Honor Society
  • Omicron Delta Epsilon International Honorary Society in Economics
  • Phi Iota Sigma Foreign Language Honor Society
  • Phi Kappa Epsilon Honor Society
  • Pi Sigma Alpha National Political Science Honor Society
  • Psi Chi National Psychology Honor Society
  • Sigma Tau Delta English Honor Society
  • Sigma Beta Delta Business Honors Society
  • Kappa Delta Pi - Tau Zeta Chapter International Honor Society in Education


Academic Organizations
  • Accounting Club
  • Arabic Club
  • Biology Club
  • Business and Economics Club
  • Chemistry Club
  • Chinese Club
  • Education Club
  • French Club
  • Japanese Club
  • Music Majors Club
  • Melvin B. Tolson Society (English)
  • Thurgood Marshall Law Society
  • National Society of Black Engineers
  • National Association of Black Accountants
  • Organization for Political Awareness
  • Psychology Club
  • Society of Physics Students
  • Russian Club
  • Society for Math and Computer Science
  • Sociology Club
  • Spanish Club


Student Organization and Clubs
  • Boys 2 Men Mentoring Program
  • Class Clubs (4)
  • Duece Deuce Drill Team
  • Forensic Society
  • Fun 4 Life
  • Gay Straight Alliance (GSA)
  • International Club
  • Lincoln University Concert Choir
  • The Lincoln University Dance Troupe
  • Lincoln University Gospel Choir
  • Lincoln University Jazz Ensemble
  • The Lincoln University Orange Crush Marching Band
  • Lincoln University Volunteer Center
  • NAACP
  • National Coalition of 100 Black Women
  • National Council for Negro Women
  • People Standing United (PSU)
  • Sisters That Are Respected Seriously (S.T.A.R.S.)
  • Students Against A.I.D.S.
  • Student Leader Network
  • We Are One
  • Ziana Fashion Club


Student Publications, Radio, and Television
  • Newspaper - The Lincolnian
  • Yearbook - The Lion
  • Campus Radio Station - WWLU
  • Campus Television Station - LUC-TV


NPHC Organizations


Social Fellowships and Service Organizations


Athletics

Lincoln University participates in the NCAA Division II level as a transitional institution. Lincoln has won 17 NCAA Division III Track & Field championships since 1985. Lincoln currently competes as a Division II a provisional member of the Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association and, the Eastern College Athletic Conference.

The Lincoln Lions compete in intercollegiate athletics in the following sports: Baseball, Soccer (Men & Women), Basketball (Men & Women), Volleyball, Indoor Track (Men & Women), Tennis (Men & Women), Tennis (Men & Women), Outdoor Track (Men & Women), Cross-Country (Men & Women), Bowling, Softball, and Football.

The success of the Track and Field program led to the creation of the co-ed athletic fellowship of Track Phi Track at Lincoln in 1981. Some of the requirements include being an All-American and/or striving to become an All-American, meeting and exceeding academic requirements in your major, and participation in Lincoln's Track & Field program for four years.

On , Lincoln's Board of Trustees voted to revive the football program, and establish Marching & Pep Bands. The University has petitioned for membership in the CIAA, of which Lincoln was a founding member. Lincoln will be moving from the NCAA's Division III to Division II. A club football team is scheduled for the 2008 followed with a full Division II schedule in 2009. Fielding its first football team in 48 years on August 30, 2008, Lincoln defeated George Mason Universitymarker, 34-7.

The men's basketball team achieved a 46-12 record from 2004- 2006 seasons. The 2005-2006 season witnessed Lincoln's first national basketball ranking, led by "All American", D3 Hoops & Basketball News "National Player of the Year" Kyle Myricks. ESPN dubbed him D3's "Most Exciting Player". The Lions made the sweet sixteen for the first time in school history.

On , Lincoln's basketball team set 5 Division III records in a 201-78 victory over Ohio State Marionmarker. Records included points scored in a half, and points scored in a game, as well as the NCAA record for margin of victory.

Lincoln University and the Barnes Foundation

As president of Lincoln University (1945-1957), Dr. Horace Mann Bond formed a friendship with Albert Barnes, philanthropist and art collector who established the Barnes Foundationmarker. Barnes took a special interest in the institution and built a relationship with its students. In his will Barnes gave Lincoln University the privilege of naming four of the five directors originally defined as the number for the governing board of the Barnes Foundationmarker. The number of directors has since increased in efforts to correct the collection's protracted financial difficulties. This has diluted Lincoln's influence over the valuable collection, now valued at over two billion dollars.

Philanthropist and art collector Albert C. Barnes had an interest in helping underserved youth and populations. Barnes intended his collection be used primarily as a teaching resource. He limited the number of people who could view it, and for years even the kinds of people, with a preference for students and working class. Visitors still must make appointments in advance to see the collection, and only a limited number are allowed in the galleries at one time.

In the mid-20th century, local government restricted traffic to the current campus, located in a residential neighborhood. Barnes' constraints, local factors, and management issues pushed the Foundation near bankruptcy by the 1990s. Supporters began to explore plans to move the collection to a more public location and maintain it to museum standards. To raise money for needed renovations to the main building to protect the collection, the Foundation sent some of the most famous Impressionist and Modern paintings on tour.

In 2002, the Barnes Foundation contested Albert C. Barnes' will, arguing that the Merion location of the collection and small number of Board members limited the Foundation's ability to sustain itself financially. Pennsylvania Governor Edward Rendell brokered a settlement in 2005 between the Barnes Foundation and Lincoln University.

Notable alumni



Additional reading

  • Horace Mann Bond, Education For Freedom, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1976
  • Fred Jerome, The Einstein File, ISBN 0-312-28856-5


Notes

A. Founder and President of the Board of Trustees Ashmun Institute and Lincoln University
B. First Alumni President


Footnotes

External links




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