Lipcani ( , ) is a small
town in Moldova, located on
the banks of the Prut river, which forms
the border with Romania. The border with Ukraine is also only
a few kilometers to the north. Lipcani is located in
the Bessarabia region. The closest large urban centres are Chernivtsi in Ukraine, Suceava in Romania, and
Bălţi in Moldova.
about 40 km from the city of Khotyn.
Lipcani: Cloth & Linen
town is crossed by small river called Medvedca.
Because of misspelling or translation difficulties, it is also
referred to as: Lipcan, Lipcany, Lipkan, Lipkani, Lipchen,
Lipcheny, Lipcheni, Lipcani Targ, Lipceni, Lipchany, Lypchany,
Lipchani, Lipkamya, Lepkan, Lepkany, Lepkani, Lepcan, Lepcany,
Lepcani, Linkani, Liptchani, Lipkane, Lipkon and Lipcon.
Some of the Kamieniec Lipka Tatars who
remained loyal to the Ottoman
Sultan after fighting for him were settled in
a town in Bessarabia that became known as Lipcani.
A Quiet Evening in Lipcani, Bessarabia
(printed postcard from the early 1900s)
- 1812: Lipcani and the rest of Bessarabia became part of
By this year, there was already a railroad connecting Lipcani with
- 1905: Various parts of Bessarabia were subject to anti-Jewish pogroms.
- 1916: Romania entered WWI on the side of the Triple Entente against Austria-Hungary &
- End of the 1930s: Lipcani was a small provincial town,
populated mainly by Jews, who mostly lived in the central part of
the town. There were about ten synagogues in Lipcani. There was a
different synagogue for each guild: tailors, shoemakers, cabmen,
etc. "Guild" synagogues were located in neighborhoods in the
outskirts of town. Richer Jews had big synagogues in the center of
town. There were 4,698 Jews on the eve of WWII.
- August 2, 1940: The
Moldavian SSR was
formed, which included Bessarabia without its Southern part.
Territories given to Ukraine initially
included Edineţ, Briceni, Lipcani and Ocniţa. When the Soviets came, Lipcani
was a town near the border. It belonged to the USSR and the area
beyond the town was Romania.
- Sometime by the end of 1940: The Red
Army entered Lipcani, declaring it part of the Soviet Union.
Many Romanians escaped to Romania and left all their belongings
behind. The Soviet authorities arrested all kulaks, executed some and sent the rest to Siberia.
Since the Communist system promoted atheism, the authorities began
to fight religion by closing synagogues, churches and cheders.
- June 22 1941: The
Germans invaded the Soviet
Union and opened fire on Lipcani. There was a commandant office
and a frontier regiment in Lipcani that set up a defensive
1941: The Germans captured Bessarabia, and the 16,000 sq. mile area
of Ukraine named
Transnistria was granted by Hitler to the Romanian dictator
Ion Antonescu for Romania’s
participation in the war against the Soviet Union.
Bessarabia, Bukovina and Moldova were transferred to Transnistria
and many thousands were murdered from 1941 to 1944 by the Romanian Gendarmerie, the
Einsatzgruppe D, Ukrainian police and Sonderkommando R.
- July 11 1941: In Lipcani-Hotin, the
Military Police took 12 Jewish hostages and executed
- 20 July 1941: The
death march of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani
began. The Germans took them to concentration camps where they were
never heard of again. The ones that could not make the trip on foot
were shot on sight and during the trip.
- July 28 1941: All Jews from Briceni were dispatched across the Dniester and several
were shot en route. When they arrived in Mogilev, the Germans "selected" the old people and forced
the younger ones to dig graves for them. From Mogilev the rest
were turned back to Ataki and then on
to Sekiryany. Hundreds died en route. For a month they
stayed in the ghetto, only to be deported again to Transnistria. All the young Jews were murdered in the
forest near Soroca.
- October 9 and
October 10 (1941): Jews from Rădăuţi were carried to their death in train wagons meant
for transporting animals. These trains passed through
Lipcani. There, the Germans sent one group to the
Dniester through Ataki, and the other group to Mărculeşti.
- 1941–1944: Around 148,000 Bessarabian Jews
were killed in Rîbniţa and other ghettos and concentration camps on the
East bank of the Dniester during the Nazi
occupation. During the war, the town, including almost all
synagogues, was burnt down by the Germans.
- 1944: The Red Army drove the Romanian and German armies out of
Bessarabia, which became an integral part of the Moldavian Soviet
Socialist Republic (as of 2006, most of Bessarabia is part of the
independent Republic of Moldova and has been so since the
dissolution of the USSR).
- July 6-20, 1996: A
water ecological expedition called "Prut 96", organized by the NGO
called Association of Ecological Education and Information "Terra
Nostra" was held down the Prut river from the village of Lipcani to
the village of Sculeni in the Ungheni region. The goal of the expedition was to
examine the Prut river with the participation of students and
post-graduates in order to attract attention of the population and
state services towards the ecological problems of the river and the
- April 7, 1999: The Lipcani soccer team Venita lost to the
Bălţi Team Olimpia
in the quarterfinals for the Moldova cup 1998/1999.
- 2000: The Moldovan Section of the International Society for
Human Rights and the NGO's Datino and Credo were working with the
women's prison in Ruska and the colony for
young men in Lipcani.
- March 17, 2004:
According to Stela Melnic of the MOE, the construction of a 1.5 km
bypass road to the Rădăuţi-Lipcani Bridge is going to start next
autumn. Sponsored by TACIS and EU PHARE the project involves
Moldova and Romania. The project will also include the
modernization of the Lipcani customs checkpoint.
- Railroad lines in Moldova run north-south from Cahul and the
southern border with Ukraine to Lipcani and the northern border
with Ukraine. The main road routes run from Cahul to Chişinău via
Comrat and from Chişinău to Lipcani via Bǎlţi.
- Current Institutions in Lipcani: Lipcani Pedagogical College,
Lipcani Reformatory for Boys.
Famous people born in Lipcani
Locations of other towns called Lipcani (or similar)
- N of Chişinău, Moldova (This town is called Lipceni and is
sometimes confused with Lipcani.)
- SW of Kiev, Ukraine] This town is called Lypcany is also
sometimes confused with Lipcani.