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More info on List of Cape Canaveral and Merritt Island launch sites

List of Cape Canaveral and Merritt Island launch sites: Map


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Cape Canaveralmarker and adjacent Merritt Islandmarker on Floridamarker's Atlanticmarker coast are home to two Americanmarker spaceports, one civilian and one military, servicing several active launch sites.

John F. Kennedy Space Center

The civilian John F. Kennedy Space Centermarker, operated by NASAmarker, has one launch complex with two pads on Merritt Island. From 1968–1975, it was the site of 11 Saturn V launches, three manned Skylab flights and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project; and starting in 1981, all Space Shuttle flights. Both pads will be converted for Project Constellation after Shuttle is retired in 2010.

  • Launch Complex 39Amarker, active: Space Shuttle; future: Ares V (primary) and Ares I (backup); prior: Saturn V (primary)
  • Launch Complex 39Bmarker, active: Ares I (primary); future: Ares V (backup); prior: Saturn V, Saturn IB (Skylab and Apollo-Soyuz), Space Shuttle
  • Launch Complex 39C, planned but never built, Saturn V
  • Launch Complex 39D, considered but never built, Nova
  • Launch Complex 39E, considered but never built, Nova

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station

The military Cape Canaveral Air Force Stationmarker (CCAFS), operated by the 45th Space Wing of the U.S. Air Force, was the site of all pre-Apollo 8 manned launches, as well as many other early Department of Defensemarker (DoD) and NASA launches. For the DoD, it plays a secondary role to Vandenberg AFBmarker in Californiamarker, but is the launch site for many NASA unmanned space probes, as those spacecraft are typically launched on Air Force launchers. Active launch vehicles are in bold.

Much of the support activity for CCAFS occurs at Patrick Air Force Basemarker to the south, its reporting base.
Looking south along "missile row" at Cape Canaveral in the 1960s


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