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List of Castilian monarchs: Map

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:See also List of Castilian consorts
This is a list of counts, kings, and queens of Castile.

It is, in part, a continuation of the list of Asturian monarchs and the list of Leonese monarchs.

Counts of Castile

Elective Counts

These counts were not hereditary, being appointed as representatives of the Asturian king in the eastern march of his realm. From as early as 867, with the creation of the county of Alava, Castile was subdivided into several smaller counties that were not reunited until 931.



Castile

(diminished territory)

Burgos



His acquisition of Castile resulted in reunion of Burgos with Castile, the two titles being used interchangeably thereafter

Castile & Burgos



Cerezo & Lantarón



Alava



House of Lara

Following the appointment of Fernán González in 931 to succeed both Gutier Núñez and Álvaro Herrameliz, he reunited the divided counties of Castile, Burgos, Alava, Cerezo and Lantarón into what would become a single semi-autonomous hereditary county of Castile.



Jiménez Dynasty

With the death of Garcia, Sancho III of Navarre, the feudal overlord, appointed his own son by Mayor, sister of Garcia Sánchez, as count.



Kings of Castile



Jiménez Dynasty

Monarch Name in Spanish Nickname Began Ended Notes
Ferdinand I Fernando I The Great 1037 27 December 1065 also King of León
Sancho II Sancho II The Strong 27 December 1065 5 October 1072  
Alfonso VI Alfonso VI The Brave 6 October 1072 30 June 1109 also King of León
Urraca Urraca   30 June 1109 8 March 1126 also Queen of León


House of Burgundy

The follow dynasts are descendants, in the male line, of Urraca's first husband, Raymond of Burgundy.

Monarch Name in Spanish Nickname Began Ended Notes
Alfonso VII Alfonso VII The Emperor 10 March 1126 21 August 1157 also King of León
Sancho III Sancho III The Desired 21 August 1157 31 August 1158  
Alfonso VIII Alfonso VIII The Noble 31 August 1158 6 October 1214  
Henry I Enrique I   6 October 1214 6 June 1217  
Berenguela Berenguela The Great 6 June 1217 30 August 1217 abdicated in favor of her son, Ferdinand III; died 1246
Ferdinand III Fernando III The Saint 30 August 1217 30 May 1252 also King of León from 1230; all later kings were King of León as well
Alfonso X Alfonso X The Learned 30 May 1252 4 April 1284 elected King of the Romans in 1257, a title which he claimed until he renounced it in 1275
Sancho IV Sancho IV The Brave 4 April 1284 25 April 1295  
Ferdinand IV Fernando IV The Summoned 25 April 1295 7 September 1312  
Alfonso XI Alfonso XI The Just 7 September 1312 26 March 1350  
Pedro Pedro The Cruel 26 March 1350 23 March 1369  


Claimants as King of Castile and Léon

John of Gaunt claimed the title of King of Castile and Léon by virtue of his marriage to Constance, daughter of Pedro of Castile. He conducted several military actions, borrowing heavily from Londonmarker merchants, to solidify his title, without success.

House of Trastámara

Henry II was the illegitimate son of Alfonso XI. He was made duke of Trastámara.

Monarch Name in Spanish Nickname Began Ended Notes
Henry II Enrique II of Trastámara 23 March 1369 29 May 1379 also claimed the throne from 1366
John I Juan I   29 May 1379 9 October 1390  
Henry III Enrique III The Infirm 9 October 1390 25 December 1406  
John II Juan II   25 December 1406 21 July 1454  
Henry IV Enrique IV The Impotent 21 July 1454 14 December 1474  
Isabella I Isabel I The Catholic 14 December 1474 26 November 1504 reigned jointly with her husband, Ferdinand V
Ferdinand V Fernando V The Catholic 14 December 1474 26 November 1504 jure uxoris king, jointly with his wife Isabella I
Joanna Juana The Mad 26 November 1504 12 April 1555 jointly with her husband, Philip I (1506) and then with her son, Charles I (1516–1555)
Philip I Felipe I The Handsome 12 July 1506 25 September 1506 jure uxoris king ruling jointly with his wife, Joanna
Charles I Carlos I   13 March 1516 16 January 1556 jointly with his mother, Joanna to 1555; abdicated in favor of his son, died 21 September 1558


For later monarchs of Castile, see List of Spanish monarchs. The first monarch to style himself King of Spain was Philip II, son of Charles, who was King of Castile and Aragon, among other possessions. Nevertheless the kingdom of Castile existed on its own right within the Spanish crown and with its own law until the arrival of the Bourbon dynasty after the War of Spanish Succession.

Suggested Reading

  • Barton, Simon. The Aristocracy in Twelfth-Century León and Castile. Cambridge University Press, 1997. Appendix I: "The Counts of Twelfth Century León and Castile", pp. 235–302.


See also




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