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This is a list of recipients of the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian honor bestowed by the United States Congress.

Recipients

Recipient(s) Date of Approval Public Law Notes Medal
George Washington March 25, 1776 Continental Congress Served as the first President of the United Statesmarker of America (1789–1797), and led the Continental Army to victory over the Kingdom of Great Britainmarker in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783).
Major General Horatio Gates November 4, 1777 Continental Congress
Major General Anthony Wayne July 26, 1779 Continental Congress
Major Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee September 24, 1779 Continental Congress
Brigadier General Daniel Morgan March 9, 1781 Continental Congress
Major General Nathanael Greene October 29, 1781 Continental Congress
John Paul Jones October 16, 1787 Continental Congress
Captain Thomas Truxtun March 29, 1800 2 Stat. 87
Commodore Edward Preble March 3, 1805 2 Stat. 346–347
Captain Isaac Hull, Captain Stephen Decatur, and Captain Jacob Jones January 29, 1813 2 Stat. 830
Captain William Bainbridge March 3, 1813 2 Stat. 831
Captain Oliver Hazard Perry and Captain Jesse D. Elliott January 6, 1814 3 Stat. 141
Lieutenant William Ward Burrows II and Lieutenant Edward McCall January 6, 1814 3 Stat. 141–142
Captain James Lawrence January 11, 1814 3 Stat. 142
Captain Thomas Macdonough, Captain Robert Henley, and Lieutenant Stephen Cassin October 20, 1814 3 Stat. 245–246
Captain Lewis Warrington October 21, 1814 3 Stat. 246
Captain Johnson Blakely November 3, 1814 3 Stat. 246–247
Major General Jacob Brown November 3, 1814 3 Stat. 247
Major General Winfield Scott November 3, 1814
March 9, 1848
3 Stat. 247
9 Stat.

333
Brigadier General Eleazar Ripley, Brigadier General James Miller, and Major General Peter Buell Porter November 3, 1814 3 Stat. 247
Major General Edmund P. Gaines November 3, 1814 3 Stat. 247
Major General Alexander Macomb November 3, 1814 3 Stat. 247 Hero of the Battle of Plattsburgmarker
Major General Andrew Jackson February 27, 1815 3 Stat. 249
Captain Charles Stewart February 22, 1816 3 Stat. 341
Captain James Biddle February 22, 1816 3 Stat. 341
Major General William Henry Harrison and
Governor Isaac Shelby
April 4, 1818 3 Stat. 476
Colonel George Croghan February 13, 1835 4 Stat. 792
Major General Zachary Taylor July 16, 1846
March 2, 1847
9 Stat. 111
9 Stat.

206
Rescuers of the Officers and Crew of the U.S. Brig Somers March 3, 1847 9 Stat. 208
Commander Duncan Ingraham August 4, 1854 10 Stat. 594–595
Frederick Rose May 11, 1858 11 Stat. 369
Major General Ulysses S. Grant December 17, 1863 13 Stat. 399
Cornelius Vanderbilt January 28, 1864 13 Stat. 401
Captain Creighton, Captain Low, and Captain Stouffer July 26, 1866 14 Stat. 365–366
Cyrus West Field March 2, 1867 14 Stat. 574
George Peabody March 16, 1867 15 Stat. 20
George F. Robinson March 1, 1871 16 Stat. 704
Captain Jared Crandall and Others February 24, 1873 17 Stat. 638
John Horn, Jr. June 20, 1874
April 28, 1904
18 Stat. 573
33 Stat.

1684–1685
John F. Slater February 5, 1883 22 Stat. 636
Joseph Francis August 27, 1888 25 Stat. 1249
Chief Engineer George Wallace Melville and Others September 30, 1890 26 Stat. 552–553
First Lieutenant Frank Newcomb May 3, 1900 31 Stat. 717
First Lieutenant David Jarvis, Second Lieutenant Ellsworth P. Bertholf and Dr. Samuel Call June 28, 1902 32 Stat. 492
Wright brothers March 4, 1909 35 Stat. 1627
Captain Arthur Henry Rostron July 6, 1912 37 Stat. 639
Captain Paul H. Kreibohm and others March 19, 1914 38 Stat. 769
Domicio da Gama, Romulo Naon, and Eduardo Suarez March 4, 1915 38 Stat. 1228
Charles Lindbergh May 4, 1928 45 Stat. 490
Lincoln Ellsworth, Roald Amundsen, and Umberto Nobile May 29, 1928 45 Stat. 2026–2027
Thomas Edison May 29, 1928 45 Stat. 1012
First Successful Trans-Atlantic Flight February 9, 1929 45 Stat. 1158
Major Walter Reed and Associates for Yellow Fever Experimentations in Cuba February 28, 1929 45 Stat. 1409–1410
Officers and Men of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition May 23, 1930 46 Stat. 379
Lincoln Ellsworth June 16, 1936 49 Stat. 2324
George Cohan June 29, 1936 49 Stat. 2371
Mrs. Richard Aldrich and Anna Bouligny June 20, 1938 52 Stat. 1365
Howard Hughes August 7, 1939 53 Stat. 1525
Reverend Francis Quinn August 10, 1939 53 Stat. 1533
William Sinnott June 15, 1940 54 Stat. 1283
Roland Boucher January 20, 1942 56 Stat. 1099–1100
George Catlett Marshall, General of the Army, and Fleet Admiral Ernest Joseph King March 22, 1946 60 Stat. 1134–1135
John J. Pershing, General of the Armies of the United States August 7, 1946 60 Stat. 1297–1298
Brigadier General Billy Mitchell August 8, 1946 60 Stat. 1319
Vice President Alben W. Barkley August 12, 1949 P.L. 81-221, 63 Stat. 599
Irving Berlin July 16, 1954 P.L. 83-536, 68 Stat. A120
Doctor Jonas Salk August 9, 1955 P.L. 84-297, 69 Stat. 589
Surviving Veterans of the American Civil War July 18, 1956 P.L. 84-730, 70 Stat. 577
Rear Admiral Hyman Rickover August 28, 1958 P.L. 85-826, 72 Stat. 985
Doctor Robert Goddard September 16, 1959 P.L. 86-277, 73 Stat. 562-563
Robert Frost September 13, 1960 P.L. 86-747, 74 Stat. 883
Doctor Thomas Anthony Dooley III May 27, 1961 P.L. 87-42, 75 Stat. 87
Bob Hope June 8, 1962 P.L. 87-478, 76 Stat. 93
Sam Rayburn, Speaker of the House of Representatives September 26, 1962 P.L. 87-478, 76 Stat. 605
Douglas MacArthur, General of the Army October 9, 1962 P.L. 87-760, 76 Stat. 760
Walt Disney May 24, 1968 P.L. 90-316, 82 Stat. 130–131
Sir Winston Churchill May 7, 1969 P.L. 91-12, 83 Stat. 8–9
Roberto Clemente May 14, 1973 P.L. 93-33, 87 Stat. 71
Marian Anderson March 8, 1977 P.L. 95-9, 91 Stat. 19
Lieutenant General Ira Eaker October 10, 1978 P.L. 95-438, 92 Stat. 1060
Robert Kennedy November 1, 1978 P.L. 95-560, 92 Stat. 2142
John Wayne May 26, 1979 P.L. 96-15, 93 Stat. 32
Ben Abruzzo, Maxie Anderson, and Larry Newman June 13, 1979 P.L. 96-20, 93 Stat. 45
Hubert Humphrey June 13, 1979 P.L. 96-91, 93 Stat. 46
American Red Cross December 12, 1979 P.L. 96-138, 93 Stat. 1063
Ambassador Kenneth D. Taylor OC March 6, 1980 P.L. 96-201, 94 Stat. 79
Simon Wiesenthal March 17, 1980 P.L. 96-211, 94 Stat. 101
1980 US Olympic Team July 8, 1980 P.L. 96-306 94 Stat. 937
Queen Beatrix I of the Netherlands March 22, 1982 P.L. 97-158, 96 Stat. 18–19
Admiral Hyman Rickover (second time) June 23, 1982 P.L. 97-201, 96 Stat. 126–127
Fred Waring August 26, 1982 P.L. 97-246, 96 Stat. 315–316
Joe Louis August 26, 1982 P.L. 97-246, 96 Stat. 315–316
Louis L'Amour August 26, 1982 P.L. 97-246, 96 Stat. 315–316
Leo Ryan November 18, 1983 P.L. 98-159, 97 Stat. 992
Danny Thomas November 29, 1983 P.L. 98-172, 97 Stat. 1119–1120
Harry S. Truman May 8, 1984 P.L. 98-278, 98 Stat. 173–175
Lady Bird Johnson May 8, 1984 P.L. 98-278, 98 Stat. 173–175
Elie Wiesel May 8, 1984 P.L. 98-278, 98 Stat. 173–175
Roy Wilkins May 17, 1984 P.L. 98-285, 98 Stat. 186
George Gershwin and Ira Gershwin August 9, 1985 P.L. 99-86, 99 Stat. 288–289
Natan Sharansky and Avital Shcharansky May 13, 1986 P.L. 99-298, 100 Stat. 432–433
Harry Chapin May 20, 1986 P.L. 99-311, 100 Stat. 464
Aaron Copland September 23, 1986 P.L. 99-418, Stat. 952–953
Mary Lasker December 24, 1987 ,

101 Stat. 1441
Jesse Owens September 20, 1988 ,

102 Stat. 1717
Andrew Wyeth November 9, 1988 ,

102 Stat. 3331–3332
Laurance Rockefeller May 17, 1990 ,

104 Stat. 197–199
General Matthew Ridgway November 5, 1990 ,

104 Stat. 1720–1721
General H. Norman Schwarzkopf April 23, 1991 ,

105 Stat. 175–176
General Colin Powell April 23, 1991 ,

105 Stat. 177–178
Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson November 2, 1994 ,

108 Stat. 4799–4800
Ruth Graham and Billy Graham February 13, 1996 ,

110 Stat. 772–773
Frank Sinatra May 14, 1997 ,

111 Stat. 32–33
Mother Teresa June 2, 1997 ,

111 Stat. 35–36
Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I October 6, 1997 ,

111 Stat. 117-1171
Nelson Mandela July 29, 1998 ,

112 Stat. 895–896
Little Rock Nine October 21, 1998 ,

112 Stat. 2681-597
Gerald Ford and Betty Ford October 21, 1998 ,

112 Stat. 2681-598
Rosa Parks May 4, 1999 ,

113 Stat. 50–51
Theodore Hesburgh December 9, 1999 ,

113 Stat. 1733–1734
John Cardinal O'Connor March 3, 2000 ,

114 Stat. 20–21
Charles Schulz June 20, 2000 ,

114 Stat. 457–458
"Our country owes Charles Schulz a great deal. His comic art has changed American culture and brightened the lives of millions of Americans. This ceremony today offers one tangible way for our country to express thanks to a truly great American." — United States Senator Dianne Feinstein, sponsor of the bill.
Pope John Paul II July 27, 2000 ,

114 Stat. 622–623
Speaker of the House of Representatives Dennis Hastert and Representative John Joseph Moakley led a delegation from the U.S. Congress to bring Pope John Paul II the Congressional Gold Medal on January 8, 2001.
Ronald Reagan and Nancy Reagan July 27, 2000 ,

114 Stat. 624–625
"I am sure that each and every one of you have your own special memory of Ronald and Nancy Reagan. I know I do. Many Americans remember how the Reagan's sparked a renewal of hope and optimism in a nation that was beginning to lose faith in the American dream. This renewed patriotism will always remain one of their most enduring legacies. Ronald and Nancy Reagan shared a remarkable grace, a rare charm that set both the American public and world leaders at lease." — U.S. Rep. Jim Gibbons, Republican of Nevadamarker, statement made at award ceremony at Rotunda on Capitol Hill.
Navajo Code Talkers December 21, 2000 ,

114 Stat. 2763
"Today, we marked a moment of shared history and shared victory. We recall a story that all Americans can celebrate and every America should know. It is a story of ancient people called to serve in a modern war. It is a story of one unbreakable oral code of the Second World War, messages travelling by field radio on Iwo Jima in the very language heard across the Colorado plateau centuries ago." — statement by President George W. Bush when giving the award the 29 American Navajo code talkers.
General Hugh Shelton January 16, 2002 ,

115 Stat. 2405–2406
"Throughout his 38 years of service to his country, his ascent through the ranks of the Army, two tours in Vietnam and duty in Operation Desert Storm, Gen. Shelton has carried with him the North Carolina values of service, sacrifice, love of family, faith in God and devotion to country." — U.S. Rep. Bob Etheridge, who helped write the legislation honoring Shelton.
British Prime Minister Tony Blair July 18, 2003  ,

117, Stat. 862–863
"America has many allies, but as we have seen in recent months, we can count on Great Britain to fulfill the duties of a true friend in tough times. I applaud Tony Blair's extraordinary leadership and his continued support of the United States." — U.S. Rep. Ginny Brown-Waite, sponsor of the bill in the United States House of Representatives.
Jackie Robinson October 29, 2003 ,

117 Stat. 1195–1197
"His story is one that shows what one person can do to hold America to account to its founding promise of freedom and equality. It's a lesson for people coming up to see. One person can make a big difference in setting the tone of this country." — President George W. Bush, on presenting the award to Robinson's widow Rachel Robinson.
Dr. Dorothy Height December 6, 2003 ,

117 Stat. 2017
"She's a woman of enormous accomplishment. She's a friend of first ladies like Eleanor Roosevelt, Hillary Rodham Clinton. She's known every president since Dwight David Eisenhower. She's told every president what she thinks since Dwight David Eisenhower. Truth of the matter is, she was the giant of the civil rights movement." — President George W. Bush, on presenting Height with the award.
Joseph A. DeLaine, Harry & Eliza Briggs, and Levi Pearson December 15, 2003 ,

117 Stat. 2645–2647
The four filed lawsuits in South Carolinamarker which helped lead to Brown v. Board of Education. "These were ordinary citizens who did an extraordinary thing. Their courage and commitment to fight for a better education for their children in Clarendon County, South Carolina, has benefited generations of children nationwide." — Jim Clyburn, Democratic Congressman, helped push the legislation through along with Democratic Senator Ernest Hollings, both of South Carolina.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Coretta Scott King October 25, 2004 ,

"Dr. King had a dream of peace and equality and dedicated his life to achieving that dream. Throughout his brief but remarkable life, Dr. King stood for the causes of freedom, justice and equality." Carl Levin, Democratic Senator from Michiganmarker, pushed through bill in United States Senate.
Tuskegee Airmen April 11, 2006 ,

"The Tuskegee Airmen were a group of 994 African American pilots who gained fame during WWII for their heroism escorting American bombers in raids over Europe and North Africa. Their distinguished service is credited with influencing President Truman to desegregate the U.S. military." — Congressman Charles B. Rangel, Press Release.
Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama September 27, 2006 , In recognition of the Dalai Lama's: "many enduring and outstanding contributions to peace, non-violence, human rights and religious understanding". — (Pub.L. 109-287)
Byron Nelson October 16, 2006 , "The Congressional Gold Medal is given to individuals who exemplify the American spirit by serving their community and helping those less fortunate, which is what Byron Nelson devoted his life to doing. The lives of countless Americans were touched because of the compassion, dedication and generosity of this great Texan." John Cornyn, Republican Senator from Texasmarker.
Dr. Norman Borlaug December 6, 2006 "The most fitting tribute we can offer this good man is to renew ourselves to his life's work, and lead a second Green Revolution that feeds the world, and today we'll make a pledge to do so." — President George W. Bush, statement at Capitol Rotundamarker ceremony.
Dr. Michael E. DeBakey October 2, 2007

"Dr. DeBakey’s medical advances have contributed so much to our country and the world. Not only did he perfect the heart transplant procedure which has saved so many lives, but he also invented the M.A.S.H. unit. As a veteran of World War II, he saw our young men dying on the battlefield and was determined to improve medical care to save lives. Dr. DeBakey will receive the Congressional Gold Medal for these lasting contributions." — Kay Bailey Hutchison Republican Senator who introduced the legislation.
Aung San Suu Kyi May 5, 2008 "This is a well-deserved honour for a remarkable woman who has led the struggle for freedom and democracy in her country". — Mitch McConnell, then-leader of Republican United States Senators and sponsor of effort to award the medal to Suu Kyi.
Constantino Brumidi July 1, 2008

Edward William Brooke III July 1, 2008

Women Airforce Service Pilots July 1, 2009

Neil A. Armstrong,

Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr.,

Michael Collins, and

John Herschel Glenn, Jr.
August 7, 2009

New Frontier Congressional Gold Medal Act
Arnold Palmer September 30, 2009



See also



Notes

  1. Under the Articles of Confederation Congress called its presiding officer "President of the United States in Congress Assembled." He had no executive powers, but the similarity of titles has confused people into thinking there were other presidents before Washington. Merrill Jensen, The Articles of Confederation (1959), 178–9


References



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