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List of Danish monarchs: Map

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Royal Banner of the Kings of Denmark (circa 1300s).


This is a list of Danishmarker monarchs, that is, the Kings and Queens regnant of Denmarkmarker. This includes:

  • The Kingdom of Denmark (up to 1397)
  • The Kalmar Union (1397–1536)
    • Union of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (1397–1523)
    • Union of Denmark and Norway (1523–1536)
  • The Kingdom of Denmark-Norway (1536–1814)
  • The Kingdom of Denmark (1814 to present)
    • Icelandmarker (since the union between Denmarkmarker and Norwaymarker in 1380. Independent in a personal union with Denmark 1918–1944. A sovereign republic since 1944.)
    • Greenlandmarker (since the union between Denmarkmarker and Norwaymarker in 1380. Effective Danish control began in 1721. Integrated into the Danish realm in 1953. Internal home rule introduced 1979. Self-determination assumed in 2009.)
    • Faroe Islandsmarker (since the union between Denmarkmarker and Norwaymarker in 1380. County of Denmark 1816–1948. Internal home rule introduced 1948.)


The house of Oldenburg held the Danish Crown between 1448 and 1863, when it passed to the house of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a cadet branch of the same house, descended from King Christian III of Denmark. The kingdom had been elective (although the eldest son or brother of the previous king was usually elected) until 1660, when it became hereditary and absolutist. Until 1864 Denmark was also united in a personal union with the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein.

Danish name forms are given in parenthesis.

List of Danish monarchs

8th–10th century kings













  • Sons of Gudfred: 814–820s












Viking Age/medieval kings

# Picture Name King from King until
1 Gorm the Old (Gorm den Gamle) 934/36? 958
2 Harald I Bluetooth (Harald Blåtand) 958 986/87
3 Sweyn I Forkbeard (Svend Tveskæg) 986/87 February 3, 1014
4 Harald II 1014 1018
5 Cnut the Great (Knud den Store or Knud II) 1018 November 12, 1035
6 Harthacnut (Hardeknud or Knud III) 1035 June 8, 1042
7 Magnus the Good (Magnus den Gode) 1042 October 25, 1047
8 Sweyn II Estridson (Svend Estridsen) 1047 April 28, 1074
9 Harald III (Harald Hén) April 28, 1074 April 17, 1080
10 Canute IV the Saint (Knud den Hellige) April 17, 1080 July 10, 1086
11 Olaf I (Oluf Hunger) July 10, 1086 August 18, 1095
12 Eric I the Good (Erik Ejegod) August 18, 1095 July 10, 1103
13 Niels 1104 June 4, 1134
14 Eric II (Erik Emune) June 4, 1134 July 18, 1137
15 Eric III (Erik Lam) July 18, 1137 August 8, 1146
16–18 Sweyn III (Svend Grathe),

Canute V (Knud V), and

Valdemar I the Great (Valdemar den Store)
1146

1146

1154
October 23, 1157

August 9, 1157

(1182)
18 Valdemar I the Great (Valdemar den Store) (1154)

October 23, 1157
May 12, 1182
19 Canute VI (Knud VI) 1182 November 12, 1202
20 Valdemar II the Victorious (Valdemar Sejr) November 12, 1202 March 28, 1241
21 Eric IV (Erik IV Plovpenning) March 28, 1241 August 10, 1250
22 Abel November 1, 1250 June 29, 1252
23 Christopher I (Christoffer I) December 25, 1252 May 29, 1259
24 Eric V (Erik Klipping) May 29, 1259 November 22, 1286
25 Eric VI (Erik Menved) November 22, 1286 November 13, 1319
26 Christopher II (Christoffer II) January 25, 1320 1326
27 Valdemar III 1326 1329
- Christopher II (Christoffer II)

(2nd time)
1329 August 2, 1332
- (no king) (Interregnum) 1332 1340
28 Valdemar IV (Valdemar Atterdag) April 22, 1340 October 24, 1375
29 Olaf II (Oluf II) October 24, 1375 August 23, 1387
30 Margaret I (Margrete I) (October 24, 1375)

August 23, 1387
June 17, 1397

(October 28, 1412)
31 Eric VII of Pomerania (Erik af Pommern) June 17, 1397

(October 28, 1412)
1439
32 Christopher III of Bavaria (Christoffer af Bayern) April 9, 1440 January 6, 1448


House of Oldenburg

# Picture Name King from King until
33 Christian I September 28, 1448 May 21, 1481
34 John (Hans) May 21, 1481 February 20, 1513
35 Christian II February 20, 1513 April 13, 1523
36 Frederick I April 13, 1523 April 10, 1533
- (Interregnum) 1533 1534
37 Christian III July 4, 1534 January 1, 1559
38 Frederick II January 1, 1559 April 4, 1588
39 Christian IV April 4, 1588 February 28, 1648
40 Frederick III February 28, 1648 February 9, 1670
41 Christian V February 9, 1670 August 25, 1699
42 Frederick IV August 25, 1699 October 12, 1730
43 Christian VI October 12, 1730 August 6, 1746
44 Frederick V August 6, 1746 January 14, 1766
45 Christian VII January 14, 1766 March 13, 1808
46 Frederick VI (April 14, 1784)

March 13, 1808
December 3, 1839
47 Christian VIII December 3, 1839 January 20, 1848
48 Frederick VII January 20, 1848 November 15, 1863


House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

# Picture Name Monarch from Monarch until
49 Christian IX November 15, 1863 January 29, 1906
50 Frederick VIII January 29, 1906 May 14, 1912
51 Christian X May 14, 1912 April 20, 1947
52 Frederick IX April 20, 1947 January 14, 1972
53 Margrethe II January 14, 1972 Incumbent


See also




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