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This page is a list of attacks undertaken by the Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, or ETA, an armed Basque separatist movement, mainly in Spainmarker.

Victims (through 2008)
Civilian 342
Police or military 485
Civil Service 1 (only accounts for 2008)
Total 828
Source: Spanish Ministry

of the Interior [99281] [99282]
Repairs to the Balmaseda courthouse after a bomb in 2006


ETA has conducted many high-profile attacks over the years. Among the most significant have been:

1961-2000

  • 1961: First ETA attack, an unsuccessful attempt to derail a train.
  • 1968: Melitón Manzanas, a secret police chief in the Basque city of San Sebastian, is killed in ETA's first deadly attack.
  • December 20, 1973: Prime Minister Admiral Luis Carrero Blanco is assassinated in Madrid in retaliation for the government's execution of Basque separatists.
  • September 13, 1974: A bomb is placed inside the "Rolando" cafeteria in Madridmarker, killing 12 civilians.
  • September 1985: First ETA car bomb in Madrid kills an American citizen and wounds 16 Civil Guards.
  • July 14, 1986: A car bomb on República Dominicana square in Madrid explodes at the passing of a small bus carrying young Civil Guards, killing 12 of them and injuring 50 people.
  • June 19, 1987: 1987 Hipercor bombing: A car bomb explodes in the underground car park of an Hipercor supermarket in Barcelona, killing 21 civilians and injuring 45, amongst them several small children.
  • December 11, 1987: 250 kg of explosives inside a car bomb explode next to the Civil Guard's Casa Cuartel in Zaragozamarker, killing 11 people and injuring 40.
  • May 29, 1991: A car bomb loaded with 70 kg of explosives is detonated inside the Civil Guard's Casa Cuartel in Vicmarker (Barcelonamarker), which was located next to a school. 10 people are killed (4 of them children) and 28 are injured.
  • June 21, 1993: A car bomb explodes at the passing of a military van at the junction of López de Hoyos and Joaquín Costa streets in Madridmarker, killing 6 soldiers and 1 civilian and injuring 20 people.
  • 1995: Assassination plot on King Juan Carlos of Spain failed.
  • April 19, 1995: Nearly successful attempt to kill José María Aznar, the leader of Spain's right-wing opposition and future Prime Minister. A car bomb loaded with 40 kg of explosives is detonated at the passing of his official car. He is saved by his vehicle's armor plating but a bystander is killed in the blast.
  • December 11, 1995: A car bomb explodes at the passing of military van in the Vallecasmarker district of Madrid, killing 6 civilians who worked for the Army.
  • January 17, 1996: Abduction of José Antonio Ortega Lara, civil servant in a prison in Logroñomarker. ETA demands the relocation of imprisoned ETA members for the restoration of his freedom. Ortega Lara is rescued by the police 532 days later (July 1, 1997). This has been the longest kidnapping ever in Spain.
  • July 10, 1997: Abduction of Basque councilor Miguel Angel Blanco, prompting six million Spaniards to join mass demonstrations against ETA. The organization asks the government to relocate all imprisoned ETA members in prisons closer to the Basque Country in 48 hours. When the government does not accept this demand, Miguel Angel Blanco is shot and dies the 13th of July.
  • December 21-22, 1999: The Spanish Civil Guard intercepts a Madrid-bound van driven by ETA members and loaded with 950 kg of explosives near Calatayudmarker (Zaragozamarker); the next day, another van loaded with 750 kg is found not far from there. The incident is known as "la caravana de la muerte" (the caravan of death). Shortly after 9/11, ETA confirmed their plan had been to use those 1,700 kg to blow down Torre Picassomarker (online report with video in Spanish).
  • December 18, 2000: A bomb is placed inside an elevator of the Faculty of Journalism of the University of the Basque Country in Lejonamarker (Vizcaya). The bomb was detected in time by Prof. Edurne Uriarte's bodyguard, and then deactivated.


2000s

2001

  • January 09: A bomb fails to explode in a cemetery in the northern town of Zarautzmarker (Guipúzcoamarker) when PP (Partido Popular) members were about to pay tribute to José Ignacio Iruretagoyena, a conservative councillor who had been killed by ETA years before. The bomb was later deactivated by police.


  • January 10: Two backpack bombs, each carried with 6kgs of explosive, went off in the Catalanmarker city of Gironamarker. The blasts didn't kill anyone but caused great damage to a government office. Police blamed the attack on the Barcelonamarker cell of ETA, whose two top members were arrested the same day.


  • January 15: A bomb goes off outside an Ertzaintza-related union office in Bilbaomarker without killing or injuring anyone.


  • January 20: Two homemade bombs explode outside the houses of two Ertzainas in Bilbao. The day after, the houses of three member of Spanish policemen were also attacked. The two attacks were blamed on youth ETA-related groups.


  • January 22: Civil Guard officers deactivate a massive car bomb placed by ETA in Getxomarker (Biscay). There was no previous warning call from ETA.


  • January 24: ETA tries to kill a member of the Spanish army, José Luis Díaz Pareja , by placing a bomb under his car. The bomb failed to explode and didn't cause any damage. The bomb was later defused by police.


  • January 26: Ramon Diaz Garcia, 51 a navy cook employee is killed at 07:40 am when a powerful bomb attached to the underside of his car explodes near the military headquarters where he worked, in a suburb of San Sebastianmarker. The attack, which was blamed on ETA by police, also caused injuries to two other people.


  • January 31: Two Civil Guards escape death after a bomb targeted to them explodes in the port of Pasaiamarker (Guipúzcoamarker). No one was killed or wounded in the attack, but the blast caused great damage to the area.




  • February 12: A heavy car bomb placed by ETA and carried with 40kgs of dynamite fails to explode in Madrid center. According to Spanish press, the attack was targeted at an important almirant of the Spanish army.


  • February 18: The son and wife of the Socialist councillor Joseba Marcaida were slightly injured after Molotov cocktails are thrown at their house in Getxomarker (Biscay).


  • February 22: Two commuting electrical workers, José Ángel Santos Larrañaga and Josu Leonet Azkona are killed by a car bomb explosion in San Sebastianmarker. The blast seriously injured the supposed target, Socialist Party town councilor, Iñaki Dubreuil. His bodyguard and two other people were also hurt in attack. That same morning, the suspected head of the ETA commandos, Txapote, was arrested in France. Days later an ETA member apologised for the attack and said that the killing of two workers was "a big mistake".


  • February 23: ETA members are believed to have been responsible for leaving three bombs inside a youth local office in the town of Zumárraga (Guipúzcoa). The devices caused minor damage to the building.


  • February 28: Three attacks happened in the same day in the Basque Country:
    • Police and Civil Guard officers deactivate a heavy bomb placed by ETA in the northern town of Cintruénigomarker (Navarremarker) following a warning call form the organization.
    • An unidentified man leaves a backpack carried with explosives in the counter of a local post office in Hernani (Guipúzcoa). The office was destroyed by the bomb hours later.
    • A homemade bomb explodes outside a BBVA bank in the town of Ondarroamarker (Biscay).


  • March 9: A group of armed bandits, possibly ETA members, stole more than tole 1.6 tons of explosives and 20,000 detonators from a warehouse in the French city of Grenoblemarker (Isèremarker) and held nine people hostage for several hours during the heist. Most of the explosives were later used in car bombs placed by ETA.
  • March 10: ETA is blamed for a car bomb explosion which kills a young regional policemen, Inaki Totorika Vega, 25, in the Basque town of Hernani. The bomb was set off by remote control in a street where gangs of youths had earlier gone on a vandalism spree. Two hours later a bomb wents off at the post office of the town of Beasainmarker (Guipúzcoa) causing only damage to the building.


  • March 17: Santos Santamaria, 33, a detective in the Catalan regional force, the Mossos d'Esquadra, was killed when a car bomb went off at 11:00 pm as he evacuated guests from a hotel in Roses (Gironamarker), following a warning call from ETA. Santamaria is still nowadays the only Catalan regional policemen kiled by ETA. The blast also injured three people.


  • March 18: A bomb is found by police in a car parked outside the three-star Riveria Hotel in Gandiamarker (Valenciamarker) and detonated before dawn in a controlled explosion. The blast damaged several vehicles and blew out windows in nearby buildings but no-one was injured.


  • March 20: Froilán Elespe, 54, deputy mayor of Lasarte (Guipúzcoa) and member of the Socialist party is shot dead by ETA members twice while standing at a bar where he habitually went for a lunchtime.


  • March 28: Two bomb are detonated on the steps of Tolosa (Guipúzcoa) and Azpeitiamarker (Guipúzcoa) court houses. The bombs caused damage to the buildings but caused no injuries.


  • April 1: The Abadiñomarker (Biscay) courthouse is heavily damaged by a home-made bomb.


  • April 15: A bomb explodes at the house of the UPN councilor of Villavamarker (Navarremarker), Elena Murillo. The device caused only damage to the building.


  • April 17: The Lloy's hairdressing salon in Vitoriamarker (Álavamarker) is attacked by a bomb placed by ETA supporters. The target of the attack was the owner of the salon, the wife of an Ertzaina.


  • April 21: A suspected ETA 4kgs bomb exploded without warning at the house of María Rosario Dorda and José Manuel Lizarraga (mother and son), both conservative councilors for the towns of Hondarribiamarker (Guipúzcoa) and Irunmarker (Guipúzcoa).


  • May 2: Ertzaina officers carry out a controlled explosion on a bomb found in a industrial park in Urnietamarker (Guipúzcoa). On the same day several people throw Molotov cocktails against a civilian in Pamplonamarker, burning most of his face. It is suspected he was confused with a policemen.
  • May 6: Senior Popular Party member Manuel Jimenez Abad, 52, dies after being shot twice in the head by two ETA members at 18:30 pm on his way to a football match in the Aragonese city of Zaragozamarker.


  • May 12: Thirteen people are injured, one of them seriously, when a car bomb explodes in Madrid days before regional elections in the Basque County. Eight minutes before the bomb exploded, an anonymous ETA caller warned authorities. The explosion caused great damage too.


  • May 15: Journalist Gorka Landabur is severely injured after opening a letter bomb sent to his home in Zarautz (Guipúzcoa). Landaburu, a reporter for the national magazine Cambio 16 and several national television stations, was injured at 10:20 a.m. and lost at least one finger and suffered significant wounds to his hands, face and abdomen.


  • May 19: A bomb is placed at the house of a PSE member Txarly Prieto in Vitoria (Alava). Part of the building was badly damaged but there were no injuries.


  • May 24: Santiago Oleaga Elejabarrieta, 54, the chief financial officer of El Diario Vasco (The Basque Daily), the most widely circulated newspaper in Guipúzcoamarker, dies instantly after being shot in the head. The attack was likely motivated by the anti-ETA editorials of 'El Diario.


  • June 3: At least fifty hooded people spread terror at the town of Bergaramarker by placing homemade bombs, flaming bombs and throwing rockets and Molotov cocktails. No-one was injured in the serie of attacks, but there was heavy damage around the town.
  • June 7: A small bomb exploded near an Peugeot car dealership in San Sebastian, without causing injuries.


  • June 10: Following a warning call from ETA, at around 6:30 am a car bomb carried with 40kgs of dynamite wents off in the city of Logroñomarker. The explosion caused heavy damage and slightly injured several people.


  • June 11: Police defuse two homemade bombs planted in Madridmarker.


  • June 16: Ertzaina police officers dismantle an explosive device that was planted near a PSE local office in Elgóibarmarker (Guipúzcoa).


  • June 21: A powerful car bomb explodes at 8:12am in front of the Banco Guipuzcoano headquarters in San Sebastian, following a warning call from ETA. The explosion heavily damaged the building, but no one was reported injured.


  • June 28: A parcel bomb exploded in Madrid, injuring at least 10 people, including a retired general, Justo Oreja Pedraza, who died one month later. The blast caused great damage to the building. The explosion occurred around 8:30 a.m in front of the Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria bank in the center of the city.


  • July 10: Luis Ortiz de la Rosa, 33, a police officer, is killed at 8:30 p.m. in a southern neighborhood in Madrid when a car bomb explodes. The blast also injured twelve people. A call from ETA 45 minutes before had been made, and police were clearing the area when the bomb detonated.


  • July 14: Twin attacks by ETA claim the lives of two within hours of each other. Jose Javier Múgica, 50, a regional councilor and member of the center-right Union of the People of Navarra party, dies after a car bomb is placed in his van in the northern village of Leiza; Mikel Uribe, 44, a police officer from the General Inspection Unit (Internal Affairs) of the Ertzaintza, dies after being shot from behind in his car in the town of Leaburumarker.


  • July 24: An ETA militant accidentally blew herself up in the holiday area of Torreviejamarker, near Alicantemarker. Olaia Castresana, 22, detonated a 4lb bomb which killed her and injured seven people, including four children.


  • July 26: Three people were injured at 2:30 a.m. when a powerful explosion occurred in front of the La Caixa bank in downtown Madrid. In the same day, Spanish authorities deactivated a car bomb carried with 53kgs of explosive in an airport in Malagamarker, a major tourist destination. An ETA caller warned ahead of time that the bomb was set.


  • July 27: A powerful home-made bomb wents off at the house of a senior Spanish lieutenant in Vitoria, without causing any injuries.


  • August 27: Days after a series of raids, ETA warns the authorities about a bomb they set to explode at around 8 a.m. in Madrid Barajas Airportmarker. The 40 to 50 kg of explosives placed inside a stolen car explode on the second floor of Terminal 2 (national flights) car park, causing only material damage.


  • September 2: A home-made bomb explodes at 9 a.m. in Vitoriamarker in an electronics store owned by an officer of the Ertzaintza regional police force. The bomb damages cars but causes no personal injuries.


2002

  • January 12: ETA sets off a car bomb carried with 15-20kgs of explosive in a Shopping mall in Bilbaomarker which caused no injured but great damage. The organization made a warning call to newspaper Gara just 15 minutes before the blast. Later that day, a bomb exploded in a house owned by an Ertzainta in the neighborhood of Añorga, San Sebastian without causing any injuries.


  • August 4: Car bomb explodes outside the Civil Guard's casa cuartel in Santa Polamarker and kills two people, a six-year-old girl and a 54 year old man, and injuring 40 people.




2003

  • May 30: A car bomb in Navarremarker kills two policemen and wounds a civilian.
  • December 24: ETA attempts to blow 50 kg of explosives inside Madrid's busy Chamartín Stationmarker at 3:55 p.m. on Christmas Eve. The police thwarted the attempt when they stopped Garikoitz Arruarte trying to load 28 kg of explosives into a Madrid-bound train in San Sebastiánmarker. Another bomb with over 20 kg of explosives was then found inside a second train passing near Burgosmarker, already several hundred kilometers on its way to Madrid.

2004

  • September 27: ETA militants send a videotape to Gara, a Basque newspaper based in Gipuzkoamarker, in which the militants state that ETA would continue to fight for Basque self-determination and that ETA would "respond with arms against those who deny us through the force of arms." This videotape represented ETA's first major public statement since the 11 March Madrid train bombings. During the weekend preceding the videotape release, the group claimed responsibility for a series of bombings that had hampered electricity transmission between France and Spain.
  • December 3: ETA had bombs in 5 petrol stations in the Madrid area. Due to a telephoned warning, the areas were evacuated and no one was injured.
  • December 6: On Spanishmarker Constitution Day, ETA detonated seven bombs in bars, cafes and town squares across Spain.
  • December 12: The Real Madrid Santiago Bernabéu stadiummarker football Stadium was evacuated due to a phone-in bomb threat on behalf of ETA. The bomb—expected to blow up at 9:00 p.m.—does not explode, and the 69,000 spectators of the match are safely evacuated by the Spanish Police at 8:45 p.m.


2005

  • February 9: ETA blows a white Renault 19 car with 30 kg of chlorate. The car was placed to the side of the building of Steria Iberica, in Madrid. A total of 42 people resulted with minor injuries.
  • February 27: A small bomb exploded at a resort hotel in Villajoyosamarker after a telephoned warning. The building was evacuated and no one was injured. The explosion damaged only a small house near the residence's swimming pool.
  • September 24: ETA suspected of a car bomb attack in the northern Spanish province of Avila.
  • December 6: On Spanish Constitution Day, ETA detonated five bombs along Madridmarker highways. No injuries were reported. Also, in northern Spain, Santandermarker Airport was closed following a threat of an attack using grenade launchers.
  • December 18: ETA detonated a bomb inside an eel cannery in Iruramarker, Guipúzcoamarker. No injuries were reported although the cannery suffered extensive damage. The police reports that the bombing is part of an extensive extortion campaign of ETA to Basque business owners.
  • December 21: ETA detonated a bomb inside a van in the back alley of a nightclub in Santestebanmarker, Navarremarker. No injuries were reported. The nightclub suffered extensive structural damages and some buildings around it suffered damages too.


2006

  • January 26: ETA detonated a bomb beside the court of justice of Balmaseda and another one in the premises of Correos postal service in Etxebarri, both in Biscay, causing material damages and no personal injuries.
  • February 14: A car bomb exploded at a discothèque in northern Spain causing damage but no injuries because police had cleared the area after a traditional warning call in the name of the Basque separatist group ETA. [99283].
  • March 5: Following the February 2006 deaths of ETA members Igor Miguel Angulo Iturrate, aged 32 (due to an apparent suicide by hanging), and Ricardo Sainz Olmos, aged 41 (as a result of an apparent heart attack), Batasuna together with the union Langile Abertzaleen Batzordeak call a day of protest and general strike on March 9.[99284] On the morning of the strike, ETA detonates several bombs near highways, causing no injuries.
  • March 22: ETA declares a "permanent ceasefire" after nearly 40 years fighting for independence from Spanish and French authorities. "Euskadi Ta Askatasuna has decided to declare a permanent ceasefire as of 0000 (2300GMT) on 24 March 2006".
  • December 30: A bomb attackmarker at terminal T4 of Madrid Barajas airportmarker. Two Ecuadorianmarker immigrants (Diego Armando Estacio Civizapa and Carlos Alonso Palate), who were napping inside their cars in the parking garage die as a consequence of the explosion. The explosion also left a toll of only 5 injured due to police intervention.


2007

  • June 5: ETA announces that the ceasefire is over.
  • June 30: An apparently hoaxed ETA bomb threat calls in to Basque newspaper Gara leads to the evacuation of the Ibizamarker airport. Police find two suspicious items in the airport car park: a shoe box and a backpack. A bomb-investigating robot found the shoe box to be empty; the backpack was destroyed by controlled explosion.
  • July 10: A suspected ETA member is arrested at the bus station in Santandermarker, Spainmarker armed with a gun, fake ID, bomb components and plans of at least two targets including the ferry terminal connecting Santander to Plymouthmarker. Some media reported the Santander-Plymouth ferry was the target, although according to the The Plymouth Evening Herald, this was not the case. [99285]
  • July 25: Two small bombs, claimed to be from ETA, exploded along the Tour de France route in Spain, there were no injuries reported.
  • August 24: A van bomb explodes in front of Civil Guard's cuartel in Durangomarker, injuring two Guardia Civil officers. Another car bomb, supposed to be the one used to run away, explodes minutes later in Amorebietamarker.
  • August 25: ETA kidnaps a family and steals their Camper Van. Later, they carried the Van with explosives and detonated it in an olive grove near Castellon after being faced with the police. ETA had been planning to use the explosives for imminent attacks. The family was freed some days later.
  • September 2: An small bomb explodes in Fuenmayormarker, La Riojamarker, no injuries.
  • September 11: Huge ETA car bomb fails to go off outside regional Defense ministry in Logroñomarker.
  • October 9: A car bomb explodes in the La Pena area of Bilbaomarker, injuring one.
  • December 1: Three gunmen kill one Spanish civil guard and mortally wounded another (who died 4 days later) in Capbretonmarker, Francemarker. The gunmen escaped in a car, later commandeering a second in their getaway.


2008

  • February 23: Following a warning call the Mt. Arnotegi TV transmitter station on the outskirts of Bilbao was bombed.
  • March 7: An ETA gunman kills Isaías Carrasco, former town councillor for Mondragónmarker, on his way to work, two days before the General Elections.
  • March 21: A car bomb explodes outside a Guardia Civil barracks in Calahorramarker, Rioja, injuring one policeman lightly and causing extensive property damage.
  • March 30: Two small bombs exploded near Azpeitiamarker with minor damage near a television transmitter. No injuries were reported.
  • April 17: A bomb blast outside the office of Spain's ruling Socialist party in Bilbaomarker, was blamed on Basque separatist group ETA after a traditional phone call to DYA, and caused serious damage to the building but no casualties.. However, 7 policemen were injured. .
  • April 19: For the second time in three days, a bomb went off in northern Spain Sunday preceded by a warning call by the Basque separatist group ETA. The blast damaged the recreation center of the ruling Socialist Party in the Basque town of Elgoibarmarker. No one was hurt..
  • May 1: Three bombs blamed by police on Basque separatist group ETA exploded early Thursday in northern Spain's Basque region, causing damage but no reports of casualties. The bombs are rumoured to be a response to the arrest and jailing of ANV mayor Inocencia Galparsoro, the Mayor of Mondragónmarker.
    • The first—and largest—explosion in an industrial pavilion for Spain's Ministry of Labor in the Basque town of Arrigorriagamarker.
    • The other two bombs exploded half an hour later near a Basque regional government labour institute in the large Basque city of Donostia-San Sebastianmarker. These two were preceded by warning calls, thus causing little damage, according to the spokesman.
  • May 12: Two small bombs have damaged construction equipment in an attack claimed by the Basque separatist group. Basque Interior Ministry says in a statement that the bombs targeted bulldozers at a construction site in Hernanimarker, near Donostia-San Sebastianmarker, but no one was hurt. ETA admitted responsibility for a bomb attack on a construction site for the region's new AVE high-speed train network
  • May 14: A bomb placed in a van exploded at 3am outside the Civil Guard barracks at Legutianomarker, Álavamarker, killing one policeman, Juan Manuel Piñuel Villalón, and injuring four. [99286] On May 30, ETA claimed responsibility. [99287]
  • May 19: At 00:50 CET, a bomb placed in a van exploded in front of the Real Club Marítimo in the neighbourhood of Las Arenas - Areetamarker in Getxomarker, Biscay, usual meeting point of businessmen and politicians, causing no human losses. A call to the Basque road emergency service, DYA, one hour before had alerted of the forthcoming explosion. [99288]
  • June 1: Following a warning call, at around 2:30 am early Sunday morning, a blast occurred outside the headquarters of a construction company, Construcciones Amenabar, in the town of Zarautzmarker. There were casualties, though two people suffered ear damage from the noise of the explosion. [99289]
  • June 8: A bomb detonated at the presses of El Correo near the port city of Bilbaomarker at about 3 a.m damaging the printing facilities of the Basque newspaper as people worked inside, but no one was reported injured. While ETA have not yet laid claim to this attack, it is rumoured to be the doing of ETA. [99290]
  • July 4: At about 2am, police reports claimed a bomb blast in the Basque region damaged a telecommunications transmitter in a rural area and they blame the separatist group ETA.[99291]
  • July 20: Five small bombs exploded in seaside towns in Cantabriamarker. Although, no injuries were reported because the area had been cleared and cordoned off, the "explosions marked the beginning of Eta's traditional summer bombing campaign in which it targets Spanish holiday resorts."[99292] The blame was squarely laid on ETA after a traditional warning call.[99293] Interior Minister Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba said: "I want to condemn the attacks and issue a second message, just so it's clear, that the best way to get a long prison sentence in Spain at the moment is to join Eta."[99294]
    • The first detonated shortly after 5am outside a branch of Barclays Bank in Getxomarker, near the Basque port of Bilbaomarker.
    • Anothery exploded in the sand next to a beach-front promenade in the town of Laredo, Cantabriamarker just after noon (12:20).
    • Yet another detonated in sand dunes on the beach of Nojamarker around 40 minutes later.[99295]
    • Another bomb detonated in Noja at about 14:00.[99296]
    • The bomb exploded at a golf course near Noja after the area had been cleared by police.[99297]
  • July 28: Authorities blamed ETA for a small bomb explosion overnight at a highway building site in Spain's northern Basque region. The explosion near the town of Oriomarker caused no injuries but damaged four vehicles and six shacks used by work crews.[99298][99299]
  • July 29: A bomb blew up shortly after midnight on a popular beach of a Spanish resort in Torremolinosmarker. Although no one claimed responsibility, ETA were the most notable and capable of doing so.[99300]
  • August 17: Two bombs explode at Guadalmar beach and the Benalmadena Costa marina, both in Málagamarker. A third bomb, placed under an A7 bridge, was located and defused by police. No injuries were reported, as over 10,000 people were evacuated from the areas after an ETA warning call.[99301][99302]
  • September 21: Three attacks occurred in just over 24 hours by ETA.
    • A car bomb exploded at midnight in Vitoriamarker, the capital of Spain's northern Basque region, without causing any injuries after a traditional warning call helped police keep the area clear.
    • A few hours later another bomb targeted a police station in the Basque town of Ondarroamarker. This time at least 11 people were wounding.
  • September 22: The final car bomb exploded outside a military residence in the seaside town of Santoñamarker in the province od Cantabriamarker in northern Spain. While police were evacuating the area following a phoned warning the bomb exploded killing 46-year Luis Conde, a 46-year-old warrant officer in the Spanish army, and injuring a further six people.
  • October 4: At 1:15, following a warning call to DYA at 0:47, a rucksack packed with around 10 kg worth of explosives detonated on the steps of a Tolosamarker court house. The bomb caused "minimal damage" to the building but caused no injuries.
  • October 25: A bomb ripped through a train station in Berrizmarker at 00:30 causing considerable damage. About two hours later two molotov cocktails hit another train station in Amorebietamarker. Though there was no immediate claim of responsibility, ETA were suspected due to the circumstances, the blasts came hours after Baltasar Garzon, Spain's most senior anti-terrorism judge, indicted 24 people on charges that they belonged to a ring that extorted money for ETA.
Car bomb explosion in Pamplona
  • October 30: Following the arrest of 4 ETA members in Pamplonamarker for planning an attack, a "powerful" car bomb with 70-80 kgs worth of explosives went off injuring up to twenty-one persons in the same northern city. The vehicle exploded in a car park on the grounds of the University of Navarra in the capital of the Navarra provincemarker which borders on the Basque region. Witnesses said several vehicles were set on fire by the explosion, and nearby buildings were substantially damaged. The state-owned radio station RNE reported that the injured mostly suffered from lacerations caused by flying shards of glass. Police evacuated university buildings and cordoned off the area. ETA's traditional warning call to DYA was reported one hour before the attack. ETA claimed responsibility for this blast and nine others on November 5. Following the blast, nearly 250 people were treated for respiratory trouble, nausea and coughing after breathing unidentified gases, which were released during repairs to an administration building. About 94 people were still in hospital more than a week after the attack.
  • November 20: A 6–8 kg bomb was detonated in the night, causing serious damage to the Mt. Arnotegi TV transmitter station on the outskirts of Bilbao that was last attacked nine months ago, on February 23. The transmitter station, apart from boosting publi TV and radio signals, also provides coverage for police, emergency and security forces' internal communication systems.
  • December 3: Three ETA members shot dead a Basque businessman in Azpeitiamarker, Spainmarker. He had just eaten out at a restaurant in Azpeitia, when three ETA members shot him when he was leaving the restaurant. He was Inazio Uria, a Basque businessman whose company (Altuna y Uria) was building the new Basque High Speed Train. The Ertzaintza blamed ETA after an hour of the attack. Reason: threats for his refusal to pay "revolutionary taxes" or extortion money. In spite of this, he did not use a bodyguard or change his regular routine.
Footage of Bilbao's car bomb
  • December 31: A car bomb with 100kgs worth of explosives exploded in front of the Basque public broadcaster EITB in Bilbao following a warning call from ETA.


2009

  • January 16: A bomb went off in the early hours of the morning at a TV repeater station at Hernanimarker, Gipuzkoamarker. The Basque Government reported no injuries in the blast at 1am, and that the material damage was still being evaluated. Hours later it was discovered it was a failed attempt to kill police officers with bomb traps. Two other bombs, which weighed 10 and 4 kilograms respectively, had been hidden near the access road to the booster station. Cables reaching the road would have set the explosives off had anyone stepped on them. A third bomb was also found.


  • February 4: Police found an ETA car carried with a small amount of explosives in the Spanish city of Salamancamarker. Police suspect activists wanted to explode the car in order to remove their fingerprints. The find came one day after police found an arms cache in the Basque Country where agents carried out a controlled explosion on site in order to prevent a possible booby trap.


  • February 7: Kale borroka (youth groups linked to ETA) attacks again: a bus is burnt in the Northern city of Amurriomarker and a small explosion destroys a train in Errentería (Guipúzcoamarker).
  • February 9: A powerful van bomb planted by ETA exploded near a trade fair complex in northeast Madridmarker. Local news reports said no one was killed or injured and that the Red Crossmarker had received a warning call from ETA. The explosion of the van left a crater one metre (three feet) deep and damaged more than 30 vehicles, a police statement said. It was heard throughout the district. The attack followed the decision by the Spanish Supreme Courtmarker to exclude two Basque political parties ("Demokrazia Hiru Milloi" and "Askatasuna") from the regional elections which were held three weeks later. The two parties are said to have connections with ETA.
  • February 21: A Basque Nationalist Party batzoki in Cruces/Gurutzeta, Barakaldomarker is damaged after a bomb exploded at 00:10 in front of the building. No injuries were reported in an attack similar to others carried out by youth groups linked to ETA. Minutes later another office in San Sebastianmarker was also attacked with a small fire.
  • February 23: Two bombs exploded in the Basque Country in less than 24 hours.
    • A rucksack packed with around 10 kg worth of explosives explodes outside the Basque Socialist Party headquarters in Lazkaomarker, Gipuzkoamarker after a warning call from ETA. The blast took place at 03:00, causing major damage to the local but no injuries were reported. Two hours before some molotov cocktail were thrown at two banks in Tolosamarker, Gipuzkoa.
    • Another bomb explodes in front of a batzoki in Gasteizmarker minutes before midnight causing minimal damage to the building. Police again blamed youth groups linked to ETA for the bomb.
  • March 1: Molotov cocktail attacks on a court and several banks in the town of Amorebietamarker. The attacks caused minor damage and no injuries.
  • March 26: A bomb carried with 2kgs of explosive device is detonated in Amorebieta, Vizcaya suspected to be the work of ETA. The explosion caused minor damage but no fatalities or injuries. The bomb was planted on the wall that surrounds a businessman’s chalet. The unidentified businessman is on a list of individuals who are “at risk” of being targeted by ETA.
  • May 6: Two bombs at booster stations in Castro Urdiales, Cantabriamarker caused material damage and no injuries. A nearby school had to be evacuated.




  • July 10: After the arrest of three top ETA members, a powerful bomb explodes in a PSOE local office in Durangomarker, causing extensive damage to the building and the surroundings. No one was injured or killed in the attack.


  • July 29: A car bomb exploded outside a Guardia Civil barracks in the Northern Spanish city of Burgosmarker. The attack injured 65 people, including women and children, and caused the collapse of the building's facade. ETA's claimed responsibility for the attack some days later, althought confirmed they made several warning calls to police, something that the Spanish government denies.
  • July 30: A car bomb exploded outside a Guardia Civil offices in Calviàmarker, Majorcamarker, killing two members of the Guardia Civil Carlos Sáenz de Tejada and Diego Salva Lezaun. ETA was blamed for the attack and the authorities 'sealed' all entry and exit points to the island to avoid the terrorists' escape. Another explosive device was found under a policeman car in the same town some hours later and deactivated by police.


  • August 9: Four bombs exploded at a bars, restaurants and shopping area in the capital of Majorca following a telephone call from ETA warning of imminent blasts in Palmamarker. Government sources said the blasts caused minor injuries though nobody was seriously hurt. The explosives were planted on the same day of the Calvià attack.


  • October 16: After the arrest by the Spanish government of several Basque politicians, a bus, several cars and three banks are attacked by petrol bombs in the northern cities of Bilbao and Ondarroamarker. The attacks were blamed on the kale borroka, youth groups related to ETA.


  • November 27: A bomb explodes inside a Getxo metro station. The blast took place at 2:40am and heavily damaged the building. Minutes before a bus was attacked and destroyed in Markina, Vizcaya. The previous day an explosive device went off in front of a local newspaper office in Pamplonamarker. The attacks came hours after the arrest of 34 youth Basques by the Spanish police forces.


References

  1. ETA cargó la bomba de Barajas con al menos 200 kilos de explosivo El País, 30 December 2006
  2. http://www.thinkspain.com/news-spain/15851/terrorists-target-tv-transmitter-station-again
  3. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7308640.stm
  4. http://www.eitb24.com/noticia/en/B24_92570
  5. http://rawstory.com/news/afp/ETA_bomb_blast_hits_Socialist_party_04172008.html
  6. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/05/01/spain.bombs/
  7. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/04/20/spain.bomb/
  8. http://www.typicallyspanish.com/news/publish/article_16310.shtml
  9. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/05/01/spain.bombs/
  10. http://topics.edition.cnn.com/topics/eta_separatist_group
  11. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/05/12/europe/EU-GEN-Spain-Explosions.php
  12. http://www.thinkspain.com/news-spain/14933/eta-claim-basque-ave-construction-site-attack
  13. http://www.typicallyspanish.com/news/publish/article_16482.shtml
  14. http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5iiJieHQJBoPIYm0Y71_4shnQ3sbw
  15. Seven hurt in Basque bombings
  16. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/spain/3042662/Eta-bomb-injures-11-in-northern-Basque-region.html
  17. http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/09/22/europe/spain.php
  18. http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jS34-4q2IRfxg7IM3tfgDpxDgVhw
  19. http://www.haber27.com/news_detail.php?id=12210 Car bomb kills soldier in Spain, ETA blamed
  20. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7652155.stm Blast outside Basque region court
  21. http://www.thinkspain.com/news-spain/15586/eta-bomb-damages-basque-court
  22. http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5haqf71VEJPb0QpArhkao8vtr1BvgD93JKCP00
  23. http://uk.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUKTRE49O09220081025
  24. http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2008/10/2008102515859151160.html
  25. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-10/31/content_10285593.htm Car bomb injures 21 in Spanish University
  26. http://www.earthtimes.org/articles/show/239331,several-injured-in-northern-spain-carbomb-attack.html
  27. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/10/30/europe/EU-Spain-Car-Bombing.php
  28. http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2008-10-30-spain-carbomb_N.htm
  29. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/4f37ad46-a68c-11dd-95be-000077b07658.html
  30. http://afp.google.com/article/ALeqM5jIIV32DmDznxx2eGT2hCLg3_STFQ
  31. http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/World-News/Hundreds-sick-from-breathing-noxious-gases-after-car-bombing-at-Spanish-university/Article/200811115144892
  32. [1]
  33. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/world/2008/1204/1228337395718.html
  34. http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/europe/news/article_1475396.php/Two_ETA_bombs_at_Spanish_booster_stations_-_no_injuries__Roundup__
  35. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jQcS8cU9kE93IVDjff5Wave-8fAQ
  36. Diario de Mallorca 10 July 2009



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